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In 1953, for the book " The Old Man and the Sea " Hemingway received the Pulitzer and a year later , and the Nobel Prize . In the work the author describes a real case about which he wrote in the article " On the blue water " in 1936 . The idea of the story is already there then, but at that time a writer, even though he was an experienced fisherman , decided that before writing the book he needed to study all the details of fishing.
- . Fishing runs through the life and work of Hemingway a red line. Since the early essays about fishing in the newspaper “Esquire “and ending story of Hemingway "The Old Man and the Sea", for which he received the Nobel Prize. Fishing is one of the main themes of the novels of Hemingway "Islands in the ocean" and "To Have and Have Not". For many years, Hemingway lived in Cuba, regularly going out to catch a marlin on his famous yacht "Pilar" with the captain and his friend Gregorio Fuentes.
Originally planned as a part of the story of the novel , which after his death was published as " Islands in the ocean ." As stated by himself Ernest Hemingway " Old Man and the Sea" , he was forced to publish, because got into debt and was at that time on the verge of bankruptcy.
“ I wrote the book quickly. I don’t remember how many days it took. But I thought about the story for thirteen years before I wrote it. I decided to write the story at the time it happened, but I couldn’t. I didn’t know enough about the village. When I sat down to write thirteen years later, I knew everything about the inhabitants, their lives and their labor, what they loved and hated and what meant nothing for them. “ Ernest Hemingway
He no longer dreamed of any storm , no woman , no great events or great fish , nor fights , nor contests in force, neither the woman . He dreamed of distant lands and only cubs coming out to the beach. Like kittens , they frolicked in the twilight gloom , and he loved them as much as he loved the boy . “
On the 85th day he is finally in luck and he manages to catch a giant marlin hooked. To win marlin required all the courage and strength of Santiago. But not only to catch a fish, it still needs to bring to the beach, across the sea, shark-infested. “He had gone eighty –four days now without taking a fish.’’
. “Man is not made for defeat, man can be destroyed but not defeated.” is the main idea of Hemingway’s story. “I tried to make a real man, a real boy, a real sea and real sharks. But if I make them true enough they would mean many things. The hardest thing really true and sometimes true than true.” Though the sharks had eaten the fish and nothing was left, the old man morally won the battle, he showed what man could do and what he could endure.
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