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First aid. The Present Continuous Tense
Fractures The word “fracture” means a break in a bone. There are two kinds of fractures: closed and open. In a closed fracture there is no wound on the skin. In an open fracture there is a wound. Open fractures are more serious that closed ones. If a person breaks his arm or leg he complains of pain in the place of the break. The pain becomes more severe if he presses the place or tries to move. Swelling appears quickly. Do not let the person move. Use a splint for the broken limb. Bind the splints to the limbs but not at the place of the fracture. Doctors use X-rays to see the break and put plaster casts on the broken limbs.
Vocabulary 1.fracture –сынық 2.to break –сындыру 3.bone –сүйек 4.closed –жабық 5.open –ашық 6.to complain –шағымдану 7.to move –қозғалу 8.swelling –ісік 9.to appear –пайда болу 10.splint – шина 11.to bind –таңу 12.X-rays –рентген сәулесі 13.plaster cast –гипс
Answer the questions 1.What does the word “fracture” mean? 2. What kinds of fractures are there? 3. Is there a wound on the skin in a closed fracture? 4.What must we use for the broken limb?
The Present Continuous Tense / Созылыңқы осы шақ Present Continuous шағы сөйлеу кезінде әлі болып жатқан іс-әрекеттің аяқталмағанын білдіреді. Present Continuous шағында уақыт мезгілін көрсететін мына сөздер қолданылады: now –қазір, at this moment – дәл қазір Present Continuous шағы “to be” көмекші етістігінің осы шақ формасы (am, is, are) және негізгі етістік есімшенің осы шақ формасы (Participle I) арқылы жасалады (яғни етістікке -ing жалғауы жалғанады)
Present Continuous on the time line: PAST FUTURE PRESENT
Positive Sentence Form : Subject + am is are + Verb-ing + Time exp. I am talking now. She is reading at the moment.
BUT, DON’T FORGET! Never use the non-progressive verbs in continuous forms. I am knowing you. I know you. I love you. I am loving you. I understand you. I am understanding you.
Some other non-continuous verbs care dislike hate like love mind think understand remember need want feel hear believe forget imagine know mean see smell
Spelling Rules: 1. The e is left off when the infinitive ends in e make - making take - taking
2. If verbs of one syllable end with a vowel + consonant, the consonant is doubled: set - setting Put- putting
3. If the infinitive ends with ie, ie becomes y: die - dying lie - lying
My friends are playing football.
The Pilot is flying the airplane.
She is reading an interesting book.
He is catching butterflies for his collections
He is painting beautiful pictures
He is taking the dog for a walk.
Baby is crying.
He is having a bath.
He is eating his lunch.
They are dancing.
He is listening to pop music.
He is crying again.
It is drinking water.
He is driving a car.
are talking Is talking I am talking
Negative Sentence Form : The Rule : am not , is not (isn`t) are not (aren`t) The form: Subject + am/is /are + not + Verb + We are not talking. Tim is not eating.
Contractions is not = isn’t are not = aren’t
are not is not speaking French now. listening to me. playing tennis. reading a book. I am not talking to you
He isn’t working.
They aren`t looking at each other.
Interrogative sentence form : The rule : am , is ,are used in this form. Am /is /are + Subject + Verb Are they sleeping Is she reading The Form:
Are Is going home ? playing tennis ? reading ? Am I dreaming?
FORM CONVERTION Task 1: Convert the (+) sentences to (-) and (?) sentences. 1- Helen is doing her homework now. Helen is not doing her homework now. (-) (?) Is Helen doing her homework now? 2- They are walking to school. (-) They aren`t walking to the school. (?) Are they walking to the school?
dance / now
He / drink
Walk / slowly
Hold / a book and a torch.
Read / a letter
Ride / horse
Play / the piano
Write / a letter /everyday
Watch TV / all day
Run / fast
Answer / every question
Good / teacher
Eat / good food
rain / today
Wear / large shoes
I / WRITE / NOT / LETTER NOW. SHE / TALK / ON THE PHONE NOW ? THEY GO OUT FOR DINNER.
CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER. 1. SHE LISTENS / IS LISTENING TO THE RADIO EVERY MORNING. 2. I AM IN THE KITCHEN I HAVE / AM HAVING BREAKFAST. 3. HE HAS / IS HAVING TWO SISTERS. 4. MY BROTHER SPEAKS /IS SPEAKING FOUR LANGUAGES. 5. BE QUITE! I STUDY/AM STUDYING MY LESSON.
BE QUIET !THE BABY .................. 2. LOOK !TOM ............................ IN THE SEA. 3.HURRY UP ! THE BUS ........................ 4. WHERE ARE THE CHILDREN? THEY .................................... IN THE GARDEN. 5. ANSWER THE PHONE ,PLEASE. IT ..................................... . SLEEP COME RING PLAY SWIM