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МОУ «ОСОШ» «Гарвардский университет» Учитель английского языка Тебенькова О.Л. П. Оссора 2011 г.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Motto - Veritas Motto in - Truth English Established - 1636 Type - Private Academic staff - 2,107 Admin.staff - 2,497 non-medical 10,674 medical Students - 21,225 Undergraduates - 7, 181 total 6,655 College 526 Extention Postgraduates - 14,044
Location - Cambridge, Massachussets,U.S Campus - Urban 210 acres(85 ha) (Main campus) 22 acres(8.9 ha)(Medical campus) 359 acres(145ha)(Allston campus) Newspaper - The Harvard Crimson Colors - Crimson Athletics – 41 Varsity Teams Ivy League NCAA Division1 Website - harvard.edu(http://www.harvard.edu/)
Harvard was named after John Harvard, a young English clergyman from Southwark, London, an alumnus of the University of Cambridge.
Harvard employs about 2,100 faculty to teach and advise approximately 6,700 undergraduates(Harvard College) and 14,500 graduate and professional students. Eight U.S. presidents have been graduates, and 75 Nobel Laureates have been student, or staff affiliates. Harvard is also the alma mater of 62 living billionaires, the most in the country.
administration and Organization. Harvard is governed by a combination of its Board of Overseers and the President and Fellows of Harvard college( also known as the Harvard Cooperation), which in turn appoints the President of Harvard University. There are 16,000 staff and faculty.
Harvard has the following faculties: The faculty of Arts and Sciencies, which is primarily responsible for instruction in: Harvard college(founded 1636) The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences(organized in 1872) Harvard Division of Continuing Education, including Harvard Summer school(1871) and Harvard Extention School (1910) Harvard Medical School(1782) Harvard School of Dental Medicine(1867)
Harvard Divinity School(1816) Harvard Law School(1817) Harvard Business School(1908) Graduate School of Design(1914) Harvard Graduate School of Education(1920) Harvard School of Public Health(1922) Harvard Kennedy School(1936) Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study(1999) Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences(2007)
Harvard’s 210- acre(85ha) main campus is centered on Harvard Yard in Cambridge, approximately3.4 miles(5,5 km) northwest of downtown Boston and extends into the surrounding Harvard Square neighborhood. Harvard Yard itself contains the central administrative offices and main libraries of the university, academic buildings including sever Hall and University Hall? Memorial Church, and the majority of the freshman dormitories. Sophomore, junior, and senior undergraduates live in twelve residential houses, nine of which are south of Harvard Yard along or near the Charles River.
The other three are located in a residential neighborhood half a mile northwest of the Yard at the Quadrangle, which formaly housed Radcliffe College students until Radcliffe merged its residential system with Harvard. The Harvard MBTA station provides transportation via bus serviсe and the Red Line subway.
The Harvard Business School and many of the university’s athletics facilities, including Harvard Staduium, are located on a 359-acre(145ha) campus opposite the Cambridge campus in Allston. The John W. Weeks Bridge is a pedestrian bridge over the Charles River connecting both campuses.
Each residential house contains rooms for undergraduates, House masters, and resident tutors, as well as a dining hall, library, and various other student facilities. The facilities were made possible by a gift from Yale University alumnus Edward Harkness.
Academics. Harvard is a large, highly residential research university. The university has been accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges since 1929. The University offers 46 undergraduate concentrations(majors), 134 graduate degrees, and 32 professional degrees. For the academic year, Harvard granted 1,664 baccalaureate degrees, 400 masters degrees, 512 doctoral degrees, and 4,460 professional degrees. Undergraduate tuition for the 2009-2010 school year was $33,696 and the total cost with fees, room, and board was $48,868.
Students. In the last six years, Harvard population ranged between 19,000 and 21,000, across all programs. Harvard enrolled 6,655 students in undergraduate programs, 3,738 students in graduate programs, and 10,722 students in professional programs.
Demographic of students body. Undergraduate Graduate Professional U.S.Census Black/Non-Hispanic 8% 3% 6% 12.1% Asian/Pacific Islander 17% 9% 12% 4.3% White/Non Hispanic 42% 42% 43% 65,8% Hispanic 7% 3% 5% 14.5% Native American 1% 0.2% 0.6% 0.9% International Students 11% 33% 22% N/A
Libraries and museums. The Harvard University Library System is centered in Widener Library in Harvard Yard and comprises over 80 individual libraries holding 15 million volumes. Cabot Science Library, Lamont Library, and Widener Library are three of the most popular libraries for undergraduates to use, with easy access and central locations. There are rare books, manuscripts and other special collections throughout Harvard’s libraries.
Harvard operates several arts, cultural, and scientific museums: The Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts; The Harvard Art museums, including: The Arthur M. Sackler Museum The Bush- Reisinger Museum The Fogg Museum The Harvard Museum of Natural History complex inciuding: The Harvard Mineralogical Museum The Harvard University Herbaria The Museum of Comparative Zoology
The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology The Semitic Museum
Athletics. Harvard has several athletics facilities. The Malkin Athletic Center, known as the”MAC”, a five story building includes two cardio rooms, an Olympic-size swimming pool, an indoor cycling studio, three weight rooms, and a three-court gym floor to play basketball. The MAC also offers personal trainers and specialty classes. The MAC is also home to Harvard volleyball, fencing, and wrestling. The officies of several of the school’s varsity coaches are also in the MAC. In 1903, Harvard Stadium introduced a new era and played a role in the evolution of the college game.
The Harvard Crew is one of the top teams in the country in rowing. Harvard also won the Intercollegiate Sailing Association National Championships in 2003. Harvard’s men’s ice hockey team won the school’s first NCAA Championship in any team sport in 1989. Harvard was also the first Ivy League institution to win a NCAA championship title in a women’s sport when its women’s lacrosse team won the NCAA Championship in 1990.
Alumni.Prominent people. Among the best-known people who have attended Harvard University are American political leaders: Eight American presidents: 1.John Adams 2. John Quincy Adams 3.Rutherford B.Hayes 4. Theodore Roosevelt 5.Franklin Roosevelt 6.John F. Kennedy 7.George W. Bush 8. Barack Obama
Businessman and philanthropist Bill Gates
Интересные факты. Колокола звонницы Гарвардского университета ранее находились в Свято-Даниловом монастыре и были проданы советским правительством по цене бронзы в 1930-х годах. В 2007 году были возвращены в монастырь, взамен на точные копии, отлитые в Воронеже.
В парке Harvard Yard находится статуя сидящего Джона Гарварда, выполненная скульптором Даниэлом Френчем. Табличка под статуей гласит: «Джон Гарвард, основатель,1638». Студенты университета называют эту скульптуру «Статуей тройной лжи». В действительности, сидящий мужчина- не Джон Гарвард, а студент университета Герман Шор, который был выбран случайным образом и стал моделью для скульптора; Джон Гарвард не был основателем университета, а только вкладчиком, пожертвовав ему свою библиотеку и половину состояния; университет был основан на два года раньше указанной даты -в 1636 году. Среди студентов существует поверье что если потереть носок туфли статуи сидящего Джона, то можно с лёгкостью сдать экзамены. Именно поэтому носок туфли отполирован до блеска.