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Выполнил преподаватель Головко Григорий Павлович МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ СТАВРОПОЛЬСКОГО КРАЯ И МОЛОДЁЖНОЙ ПОЛИТИКИ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНРЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ «ГЕОРГИЕВСКИЙ РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ «ИНТЕГРАЛ»
Crowded Country Britain is one of the most densely populated countries in the world: it is more than twice as densely populated as France, nine times as densely populated as the USA and 100 times as densely populated as Australia.
Multicultural Britain If you walk down a street in Britain, especially in the bigger cities, you will see people with different hair, skin and eye colours. More and more people from different countries arrive in Great Britain each year. Today, you can hear 300 languages in the streets of London! But now those who want to live in Britain have to take a test on 'Britishness' to show their knowledge of British culture, history and laws.
Kings and Queens Great Britain's monarchy is over 1,000 years old. The only time when there was no King or Queen in Britain was when the country was a republic between1649 and 1660. (In 1649 King Charles I was executed and Britain became a Republic for eleven years. The monarchy was restored in 1660.)
Monarchy without a Constitution Britain doesn't have a written constitution! Of course, there are rules and principles for the running of the country, but there is no single written document. Nobody can refer to 'article 5' or anything like that, because nothing like that exists.
The Royal Surname The surname of the British Royal Family is Windsor. This probably sounds very British, but the Royal Family's ancestors were German. The family name was changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha in 1917 by George V because of strong British feelings against Germany during the First World War.
Windsor Castle is the oldest royal residence in the world that is still being used by the royal family! It's almost 1,000 years old! It is also believed that the castle has lots of ghosts including those of Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, King George III, and Charles I.
The youngest capital Cardiff is Europe's youngest capital city! It became the capital of Wales in 1955. However, the history of Cardiff dates back more than 2,000 years to the Romans. It was one of the busiest ports in the world then.
A Nation of Animal Lovers Britain is famous for being a nation of animal lovers, and many people in Britain keep pets. The most popular pets are dogs, cats, hamsters, birds and rats. All in all, there are more than 27 million pets in the country. According to a recent survey, half of pet owners let their cats or dogs sleep in their bed, 40% buy their pets Christmas and birthday presents, 10% of pets eat meals at the table with their owners.
The London Eye The London Eye is the tallest observation wheel in the world. It is 135m high. Since opening in March 2000 it has become a symbol of modern Britain.
The London Underground The London Underground is the oldest underground railway in the world! It was built in 1863! Londoners call it the 'Tube' because of the shape of the most tunnels.
Britain’s Oldest Bridge Britain's oldest bridge is thought to be Tarr Steps in Somerset. It possibly dates to around 1000 ВС! According to legend, the stones were placed by the devil who wanted to win a bet. The bridge is 55 metres long.
London Zoo Founded in 1828, London Zoo is the oldest zoo in the world. More than 15,000 animals live there today. One cage invites visitors to step inside, and the sign on the cage reads- 'London Zoo presents the most destructive animal in the world — Man'.
The Tallest Skyscraper In 2012, Britain will become home to the tallest building in Europe. The Shard (or London Bridge Tower) is being built in London. The skyscraper will stand 330 m tall and have 72 floors. There'll be an open-air observation deck on the 72nd floor
Tea Drinkers British people drink more tea than anyone else in the world: 2.5 times more than the Japanese and 22 times more than Americans! Most Britons like their tea strong and dark, but with a lot of milk.
The Narrowest| Street The world's narrowest street ' - can be found in Exeter. Parliament Street is 50 metres long, but only 64 centimetres at its narrowest and 1.22 metres at its widest. The street dates from the 14th century. It's so narrow that only one person can walk through it at a time
The Narrowest Hotel The Star Hotel in Moffat, Scotland, is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's narrowest hotel. It's only 6 metres wide. The hotel dates from the late 1700s.
A Nation of Newspaper Readers More daily newspapers are sold per person in Britain than in almost any other country. Sunday papers are especially popular and some people spend all day reading them.
Her Majesty‘s Subjects Other countries have 'citizens'. But in Britain people are legally described as 'subjects' - subjects of Her Majesty the Queen. And criminals are sent to one of 'Her Majesty's' prisons.
Lampposts There are over 7 million lampposts in Britain.
The Smallest House The smallest house in Great Britain is known as the Quay House. This 3.05 metre by 1.8 metre building stands on the quay in Conwy, Wales. It was built in the 16th century and was lived in until 1900. The last person to live in the Quay House was a fisherman named Robert Jones. He was so tall (1.9 meters) that he was unable to stand upright in the house. So he moved out. Today, the house is a museum.
How Many Bridges? The River Thames, which flows through London, has over 214 bridges and 20 tunnels.
The smallest Police Station Trafalgar Square in London is home to the smallest police station in Britain, and probably the world. It's inside a lamppost! There is room for just one police officer.
The Rich The richest people in Britain are pop stars, actors, writers, inventors and members of the royal family. Paul McCartney is the world's first pop star billionaire.
The Oldest Pub Pubs are an important part of British life. People talk, eat, drink, meet their friends and relax there. The oldest pub in Britain can be found in St Albans, Hertfordshire. It was built in the 11th century
Cricket Cricket, the national sport of England, is terribly long. It can take five days to play! It's terribly slow, too. Thirteen players are on the field, but ten of these stand still most of the time. Another strange thing about cricket is that both teams wear the same colour - white.
Clubs and Societies There are all sorts of clubs and societies in Britain: the Left-Handers Club, the Tall Person Club, the Talbot Association (only for people called Talbot), the Bald-Headed Club, the Spoon Collectors club, the Button collectors club, the Thimble Society, the Hat Pin Society ... The list is endless
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