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Presentation on “Famous people of Russia. Mikhail Lomonosov.” student group 117 Denis Nikiforov 2013
Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov - the first Russian scientist-scientist of world importance, encyclopedist, chemist and physicist; He entered the science as the first chemist who gave physical chemistry definition, very close to the modern, and prednačertal an extensive programme of physical and chemical. Astronomer, priborostroitel, geographer, Geologist, metallurgist, poet, approved the founding of modern Russian literary language, artist, historian, proponent of the development of education, science and economy. Mikhail Lomonosov
Brief chronology 1730 - 7 December in Holmogorskoj voivodship office obtained his passport. 1730 — 15 December went to Moscow. 1731 - 15 January enrolled student in the Moscow Slavic Greek Latin Academy. 1731-1735 — studying in Moscow the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy. 1734 - studying at the Kiev-Mohyla Academy. 1736 - 12 January enrolled student at the St. Petersburg academic University.
Childhood Mikhail Lomonosov was born in the village Mišaninskoj Kurostrovskoj district of Daugavpils County Arhangelogorodskoj province to a well-off family pomora Basil Dorofeeviča (1681-1741) and the daughter of prosvirnicy pogost Nickolas Matigor, Elena (née Sivkovoj) Lomonosovyh. Mother m. died very early, when he was nine years old. In 1721, he married Feodore Mikhailovna Uskovoj, daughter of a neighbouring parish of Uhtostrovskoj. In the summer of 1724, and she died. A few months later, he returned with crafts, father married for the third time — the widow Irina Semënovne (Karelian).
Primary education Literacy taught Mihailova Lomonosov deacon of the local stage of the Church of S. M. Sabelnikov. "Gates scholar", in his own words, he made the "grammar" of Smotritsky, Meletios "arithmetic" l. magnitsky, "Rhymed Psalter" Simeon of Polotsk. In the fourteen years young "competently and clearly written. Lomonosov in the home life was made miserable, full of constant quarrels with my stepmother. Especially ožestočala stepmother Lomonosov's passion for books. After learning that his father wants to marry him, He decided to flee to Moscow. He feigned illness, the marriage had to be postponed.
Study abroad (1736 — 1740) In March 1736, the Academy of Sciences (in the person of President Johann Korfa) Decides to send to Europe 12 talented young people from the "Savior of schools" to teach natural (physics, chemistry) and technical sciences (metallurgy, mining). After moving to Germany, He settled in the House of the widow of a German Brewer, whose daughter he later married the House in which He lived in Marburg. abroad Lomonosov had studied five years: about 3 years in the University of Marburg under the leadership of the famous Christian Wolff, and about a year in Freiberg, Genkelâ; He spent about a year in transfers, was in the Netherlands.
Return to Russia In early may, 1740, Lomonosov, leaving some of his comrades and book with a small small scales with weights, forever left Freiberg. Lomonosov counted with the help of Baron g. von Keyserling, the Russian envoy to leave for Russia. But, arriving in Leipzig, where, according to his calculations, was supposed to be the Messenger, Lomonosov has not caught him there. He then decided to return to Russia by sea via the Netherlands, but on the way, getting drunk in a tavern with Prussian soldiers, found himself in the German barracks in Wesel, where soon escaped. In October 1740, Lomonosov again in Marburg, where he lives in the House of mother-in-law. The return of Lomonosov in St. Petersburg went through the port of Lübeck, which he left in may 1741.
Death Lomonosov dies at 54-year life of the common cold. Shortly before the death of the Empress Catherine II visited the University, "the new Highest assurance would apply to the true lûblenii and the care of his science and the motherland's (" St. Petersburg vedomosti ", 1764). Lomonosov was buried in aeaenaia? I-Neva laurels. Tombstone of Mikhail Lomonosov, delivered by Chancellor m. Vorontsov-Stela of Carrara marble with Latin and Russian an epitaph and allegorical terrain. Master F. Medico (Carrara) on the design of J.E. Staehelin, 1760-ies.
TEST 1. Choose the correct answer. 1. Lomonosov enrolled in science as a ... a) physicist; b) chemist; c) biologist; 2. He went to Moscow in ... a) 1737; b) 1732; c 1730); 3. The father Lomonosov - Vasily Dorofeevich lived in ... a)1681-1741; b)1675-1737; c) 1683-1745; 4. Certificate of Lomonosov who taught? a) C. M. Sabelnikov; b) N.V. Efremov; c) I.K. Belov;
TEST 2. Choose the correct answer. 1. How many years He studied abroad? a) 3; b) 5; c) 4; 2. When He again appears in Marburg? a) August 1739; b) December 1743; c) October 1740; 3. At one year of age die Lomonosov? a) at 54; b) at 55; c) at 61; 4. Lomonosov who visited shortly before his death? a) Nicholas I; b) Catherine II; c) Paul I;
ANSVERS. TEST 1 - 1-b; 2-c; 3-a; 4-a; TEST 2 - 1-b; 2-c; 3-a; 4-b;
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