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Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (1857 - 1935) “The planet is a cradle of the mind, but men can not live in a cradle forever" «Mankind will not remain on earth forever» K.E.Tsiolkovsky
K.E Tsiolkovsky was born in Sept. 17, 1857 (according to the new calendar) in Izhevsk in the family of a poor forester Eduard Ignatievitch Tsiolkovsky, where he was one of 13 children. He grew as a clever, inquisitive and impressionable child. At those years the character of the future scientist was formed- independent, persistent and purposeful. Childhood
At the age of 14, he got scarlet fever, and as a result of complications he lost his hearing. So he was a self-taught man. Childhood
In 1879 Tsiolkovsky took an external exam in Ryazan gymnasium for the title of a county school teacher and three months later he was assigned to province school in Kaluga. At this time he wrote his first work - "The theory of gases" and "Mechanics of the animal organism" (1880-81). He was admitted to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society. Young years
Since 1884 Tsiolkovsky had been working at a theory of interplanetary travel and suggested the idea of a multi-stage rocket. In 1892 he published his work "metal-controlled balloon" (of an airship). He was systematically engaged in development of the theory of motion of jet apparatus and draw some outlines. Also he outlined "streamlined" jet-driven airplane - rocket for interplanetary missions and in 1897 constructed Russia's first wind tunnel with open test section. So the first man-made satellite was taken into space by a type of a rocket designed by Tsiolkovsky. WORK
Since 1892 Tsiolkovsky lived with his family in Kaluga in a small house on the outskirts of the city KALUGA
His immortal creation - "Investigation of outer space rocket appliances"- appeared in Kaluga. It laid the beginning of space exploration.
▪ He was working on the problem of solar and tidal energy project to explore the ocean depths and transport "hovercraft". ▪ In Soviet times, Tsiolkovsky studied the theory of interplanetary motion. In 1926-29, he developed the theory of multi-stage rocket, decided important tasks associated with the movement of missiles in a non-uniform gravitational field, landing a spacecraft on the surface of the planet, examining the effect of the atmosphere on the flight of the missile. Also he had put the idea of a rocket - Sputnik and Earth orbital station. In 1932 Tsiolkovsky proved the theory of jet aircraft flights in the stratosphere. WORKS
The scientist died in September 19, 1935. Tsiolkovsky was buried in his beloved country park, which now has the name of the scientist.
Wooden house in which he lived turned into a museum-house. FAMILY HOUSE
In 1967 state cosmonauts museum of Tsiolkovsky was open in Kaluga. The first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin put the first stone in its foundation. MUSEUM
"It will take years, decades, centuries, but the value of works of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky continue, and the city where he lived and worked will continue to grow too ..." Yuri Gagarin
Monuments were erected to him. The crater on the back side of the moon has his name. Tsiolkovsky Medal was established for outstanding work in the field of interplanetary communication. MEMORY