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The Royal Family
Elizabeth II's full name is Elizabeth Alexandra Mary. She was born on April 21, 1926. She never went to school and was taught by home tutors. In 1947 she married Prince Philip; he was created Duke of Edinburgh. A year later she gave birth to a son, Charles. In 1950 she gave a birth to a daughter, Anne. Elizabeth succeeded to the throne after the death of her father in February in 1952. Her second son, Andrew, was born in 1960 and the third, Edward, in 1964. QUEEN ELIZABETH II
The Queen Prince Philip The Duke of Edinburgh Prince Charles Prince of Wales Lady Diana Spencer Princess Anne The Royal Princess Captain Mark Phillips Prince Andrew The Duke Of York Sarah Ferguson Sophie Rhys- Jones Prince Edward Earl of Wessex Prince William Prince Henry Peter Phillips Zara Phillips Princess Beatrice Princess Eugenie Louise James
The order of succession to the British Throne 1. HRH The Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales (1948) 2. HRH Prince William of Wales, eldest son of The Prince Charles (1982) 3. HRH Prince Henry of Wales, younger son of The Prince Charles (1984) 4. HRH The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York, second son of HM Queen Elizabeth II (1960) 5. HRH Princess Beatrice of York, elder daughter of The Prince Andrew (1988) 6. HRH Princess Eugenie of York, younger daughter of The Prince Andrew (1990) 7. HRH The Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex, youngest son of HM Queen Elizabeth II (1964) 8. James Alexander Philip Theo Mountbatten Windsor, Viscount Severn, son of HRH The Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex (2007) 9. Lady Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary Mountbatten Windsor, daughter of HRH The Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex (2003) 10. HRH The Princess Anne, The Princess Royal, only daughter of HM Queen Elizabeth II (1950) 11. Peter Phillips, son of The Princess Anne (1977) 12. Zara Phillips, daughter of The Princess Anne (1981) HM – Her (or His) Majesty HRH – Her (or His) Royal Highness
The Queen celebrates her actual birthday on 21 April. She also celebrates her official birthday on either the first or the second, and sometimes the third, Saturday in June. King Edward VII, who was born on 9 November, was the first Sovereign to mark his official birthday on a separate day to his actual birthday throughout his reign, holding celebrations in either May or June. One Queen, two birthdays
Trooping the Colour Afterwards the Royal Family gathers on the balcony of Buckingham Palace to watch a Red Arrows fly-past. Thousands of spectators watch as the Queen marks her official birthday with Trooping the Colour.
Trooping the Colour
In 2006 the Queen celebrated her 80th birthday
The Queen's Role Head of State As Head of State, the Queen goes on official State visits abroad. She also invites other world leaders to come to the United Kingdom. During their visit, Heads of State usually stay at Buckingham Palace or sometimes at Windsor Castle or Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh. Head of the Armed Forces The Queen is also the Head of the Armed Forces. She is the only person who can declare when the country is at war and when war is over. Head of the Church of England The Queen is Head of the Church of England - a position that all British monarchs have held since it was founded by Henry VIII in the 1530s. The Queen appoints archbishops and bishops on the advice of the Prime Minister. The spiritual leader of the Church of England is the Archbishop of Canterbury. Represents the Nation The Queen represents the nation at times of great celebration or sorrow.
Being the Queen is a really busy job. Elizabeth II gets up early and begins her day by looking through the newspapers. The Queen has daily meetings with her Private Secretary who helps her to go through her paperwork, and lots of meetings with ambassadors, new judges, and bishops. She opens hospitals, bridges and factories. Once a week, the Queen has a meeting with the Prime Minister and they discuss government business. Elizabeth II has to work from early morning until late at night and people watch her all the time.
Queen Elizabeth II is the 40th monarch since William the Conqueror obtained the crown of England. Tony Blair is the first Prime Minister to have been born during The Queen's reign. He was born in early May 1953 - a month before the Coronation. During her reign, The Queen has undertaken over 256 official overseas visits to 129 different countries. The Queen has opened 15 bridges in the United Kingdom during her reign. The Queen has given over 91 State banquets during her reign. The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh have sent about 37,500 Christmas cards during The Queen's reign. The Queen learnt to drive in 1945 when she joined the Army. In 1969 the first television film about the family life of the Royal Family was made, and shown on the eve of the Investiture of Prince Charles as Prince of Wales. In 2002, at 76 years of age, The Queen was the oldest monarch to celebrate a Golden Jubilee. The youngest was James I (James VI of Scotland) at 51 years. Some facts about the Queen
The Queen has received over 3 million items of correspondence during her reign. Over the reign, Her Majesty has given regular Tuesday evening audiences to 10 British Prime Ministers. The Queen sent her first email in 1976 from an Army base. In 1997, The Queen launched Buckingham Palace's first official website. The Queen has opened Parliament every year except 1959 and 1963, when she was expecting Prince Andrew and Prince Edward respectively. The Queen was the first British Monarch to visit China when she visited in 1986. In summer 2005, The Queen opened the first "children's trail" in the Buckingham Palace garden for the Summer Opening. Some facts about the Queen
When was the Queen born? What is the Queen’s full name? When did she succeed to the throne? Who did the Queen marry? When? How many children does she have? How many grandchildren does she have? When is Queen’s birthday? When does the Queen celebrate her official birthday? Where does the Queen live? Who is the first in the line to the British throne? What are the Queen’s duties? What does she do as Head of the Church of England? When did the Queen celebrate her 80th birthday? What does HM mean? What does HRH stand for? Answer the questions
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