Эл. №ФС77-60625 от 20.01.2015
Презентация по английскому языку на тему: "Космос".
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Development of the astronautics as a science has not been possible without cooperation between the two countries. The first exchange of experiences and knowledge between scientists held in the framework of the "Intercosmos" project, which began participating socialist countries.
The first on the "Intercosmos" program held Soviet-Czechoslovak manned flight. An international crew of "Soyuz-28", who had gone from the Baikonur Cosmodrome March 2, 1978, consisted of two members - commander of the ship and cosmonaut-researcher. USSR-Czechoslovakia The main crew includes A. Gubarev (the Soviet Union) and V. Remek (CSSR). At this time in space worked orbital station "Salyut-6" with Y. Romanenko and G. Grechko aboard, which were to take guests. "Soyuz-28" returned to Earth after seven days spent in space
Second in world history joint international manned flight took place on June 27, 1978 Astronauts Peter Klimuk (USSR) and Miroslav Germashevsky (Poland) on "Salyut-30" launched into space. USSR-Poland They spent on the "Salyut-6" station for seven days and completed, in addition to standard (photographs of the Earth and ocean), a number of studies on the production of semiconductor materials in weightlessness and the study of various processes that occur in the human body. After completing the program, they returned to Earth.
USSR-GDR. International flight crew, which consisted of two cosmonauts - Valery Bykovsky (USSR) and Sigmund Jahn (German Democratic Republic), held on 27 August 1978 at the manned spacecraft "Soyuz-31". Stay on the orbital station "Salyut-6" station continued until the return of astronauts to the Earth on 3 September. During this time, the astronauts carried out in advance to plan the program for glass melting in space research and the process of bacterial growth and also produced a photographic survey of areas occupied by the world brotherly countries. USSR-GDR
USSR-Bulgaria (People's Republic of Bulgaria). The next joint international mission was a visit to the orbital station "Salyut-6" two cosmonauts – G. Ivanov (Bulgaria) and N. Rukavishnikov (USSR). This crew has taken off with a single, but very important goal: to prepare a "Salyut-6" orbital station docking - "Soyuz-32" spaceship "Soyuz-33". USSR-Bulgaria However, it was not without problems: during the flight, "Union-33" of his pilots (V. Lyakhov and V. Ryumin) found a glitch in the system, however, the next day, handing his duties to newcomers, international crew took advantage of backup motor installation of the ship and landed safely at a given point of the Soviet Union
USSR-Vietnam. Start the spacecraft "Soyuz-37" July 23, 1980 marked the sending into space next international joint crew, this time - the Soviet-Vietnamese as part of V. Gorbatko (USSR) and P. Tuan (Vietnam), which returned to Earth on 31 July. The main objectives set for the two astronauts were the study of the Earth and the atmosphere and carrying out technical, medical and biological experiments USSR-Vietnam
USSR-Cuba. The next guest of the Soviet space station became a Cuban A. Mendez, who arrived at the "Salyut-6" with Y. Romanenko (USSR) September 18, 1980 The International crew returned to Earth on September 26 of that year, after performing a series of experiments under the title "Hatuey "the purpose of which was to observe the effects of weightlessness on the process of fission yeast cells, as well as a series of experiments on the human body, being in different environments. USSR-Cuba
USSR-Mongolia (Mongolian People's Republic). Another joint flight made the Soviet-Mongolian crew of V. Dzhanibekov (USSR) and J. Gurragchaa (MPR). USSR-Mongolia Once on board "Salyut-6" March 23, 1981, astronauts conducted a series of medical experiments, most of which was the study of the human body to adapt to weightlessness
Cooperation between the USSR and France started with the signing of the agreement during a visit in 1966 by the French delegation to Moscow led by General de Gaulle. Soviet-French agreement covers virtually all areas of space exporation. USSR-France From June 24 to July 2, 1982 held a space flight of Soviet-French international crew. The crew included Soviet cosmonauts V. Janibekov, A. Ivanchenkov and J. Chretien. The transport ship "Soyuz T-6" took them on board the orbital station "Salyut-7", which was already in the basic structure (A. Birch and V. Lebedev). After successful completion of the program (which included 14 experiments in space medicine and biology, astrophysics and space materials) crew returned to Earth.
The Soviet-American cooperation in the field of space exploration began in 1962, when an agreement was signed between the USSR Academy of Sciences and the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). July 15, 1975 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome launched "Soyuz-19" by A. Leonov and V. Kubasov on board. Later, from Cape Canaveral went into orbit, "Apollo" with astronauts Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand and Donald Slayton After reaching orbit of both ships to appeal to them made by the CPSU General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev and US President Gerald Ford. They wished the astronauts and cosmonauts happy flight, successful execution of the job and a safe return to Earth. USSR-USA
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