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Лицензия на осуществление образовательной деятельности №038767 выдана 26 сентября 2017 г. Департаменотом образования города Москвы

Инфоурок Иностранные языки ПрезентацииПрезентация по английскому языку на тему "Legal system in the USA" (11 класс)

Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Legal system in the USA" (11 класс)

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Для учеников 1-11 классов и дошкольников

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Legal system in the USA Cherkasova Arina

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

1 слайд Legal system in the USA Cherkasova Arina
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Legal system in the USA Cherkasova Arina

2 слайд
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3 слайд The US Constitution The Supreme law Came to force in 1789 Has been amended 27
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The US Constitution The Supreme law Came to force in 1789 Has been amended 27 times

4 слайд Sources of law Constitutional law US Constitution State constitutions 	may gr
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Sources of law Constitutional law US Constitution State constitutions may grant more rights that the US Constitution, but not fewer (mer) Judicial review

5 слайд Sources of law Constitutional law Statutory law Congress State legislatures L
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Sources of law Constitutional law Statutory law Congress State legislatures Local authorities

6 слайд Sources of law Constitutional law Statutory law Administrative law Federal Co
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Sources of law Constitutional law Statutory law Administrative law Federal Communications Commission

7 слайд The US Judiciary
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The US Judiciary

8 слайд US Supreme Court Final word on US Constitution Takes cases through a writ of
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US Supreme Court Final word on US Constitution Takes cases through a writ of certiorari – “granting cert” Only four of the nine justices are needed to grant cert Chief justice is also administrative head of federal court system

9 слайд US Supreme Court
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US Supreme Court

10 слайд The US Judiciary
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The US Judiciary

11 слайд The appeals process Justiciable controversy - Courts cannot rule on cases tha
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The appeals process Justiciable controversy - Courts cannot rule on cases that are not before them Appeals courts do not retry cases - Ruling are decided on narrow grounds, and cases are usually sent back to lower court Judges must follow precedent - Relevant higher-court ruling prevails - Ruling from another district can be a guide -State and federal judges must consider each other’s rulings

12 слайд The Litigation
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The Litigation

13 слайд Criminal and civil law Criminal = offence against society Civil = offense aga
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Criminal and civil law Criminal = offence against society Civil = offense against individual(s) How would you categorize: - Obscenity? - Copyright infringement? - Reporting on the movement of troops in time of war? - Invasion of privacy?

14 слайд Types of civil law Contracts Torts - Common media torts: 		- Libel 		- Invasi
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Types of civil law Contracts Torts - Common media torts: - Libel - Invasion of privacy - Copyright infringement

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16 слайд State law All states are separate sovereigns, with their own state constituti
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State law All states are separate sovereigns, with their own state constitutions, state governments, and state courts.

17 слайд Alabama Incestuous marriages are legal. You may not have an ice cream cone in
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Alabama Incestuous marriages are legal. You may not have an ice cream cone in your back pocket at any time. It is illegal to sell peanuts in Lee County after sundown on Wednesday. It is illegal to wear a fake moustache that causes laughter in church. Bear wrestling matches are prohibited. You may not wear blue jeans down Noble Street.

18 слайд Alaska It is considered an offense to push a live moose out of a moving airpl
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Alaska It is considered an offense to push a live moose out of a moving airplane. No one may tie their pet dog to the roof of a car. Owners of flamingos may not let their pet into barber shops. Huskies are not allowed in school buildings. No child may build a snowman taller than himself on school property.

19 слайд Arizona  It's illegal to play cards in the street with a Native American In M
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Arizona  It's illegal to play cards in the street with a Native American In Maricopa County no more than 6 girls may live in any house.

20 слайд Georgia Chickens are not allowed to cross the road It's illegal to tie a gira
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Georgia Chickens are not allowed to cross the road It's illegal to tie a giraffe to a telephone pole. It's illegal to change the cloths on a store storfront maniquin unless the shades are drawn. A school girl must offer to carry a school boy's books if they are walking together. In Johnsboro it's illegal to say "Oh,boy".

21 слайд California Sunshine is guaranteed to the masses. Women may not drive in a hou
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California Sunshine is guaranteed to the masses. Women may not drive in a house coat. It's illegal to eat an orange while in the bathtub. In Pasadena it's illigal for a secratary to be alone in a room with her boss

22 слайд Colorado In Logan County, it is illegal for a man to kiss a woman while she i
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Colorado In Logan County, it is illegal for a man to kiss a woman while she is asleep.

23 слайд Florida A special law prohibits unmarried women from parachuting on Sunday or
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Florida A special law prohibits unmarried women from parachuting on Sunday or she shall risk arrest, fine, and/or jailing. If an elephant is left tied to a parking meter, the parking fee has to be paid just as it would for a vehicle. It is illegal to sing in a public place while attired in a swimsuit. Men may not be seen publicly in any kind of strapless gown.

24 слайд Idaho It’s illegal for a man to give his fiancé a box of candy that weighs mo
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Idaho It’s illegal for a man to give his fiancé a box of candy that weighs more than 22.5 kg In Tamarack it's illegal to purchase onions after dark except with a special permit from the sheriff.

25 слайд Iowa Kisses can't last for more than 5 minutes Within Ottumwa city limits a m
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Iowa Kisses can't last for more than 5 minutes Within Ottumwa city limits a man can't wink to any woman he doesn't know.

26 слайд Indiana It’s illegal to attend a public event or use public transport within
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Indiana It’s illegal to attend a public event or use public transport within 4 hours of eating an onions or garlic 

27 слайд Louisiana It's illegal to wear an alligator costume. Catching lizards at nigh
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Louisiana It's illegal to wear an alligator costume. Catching lizards at night is prohibited. In Sulphur it's illegal to be an alcholic.

28 слайд Massachusetts Mourners at a wake can't eat more than 3 sandwiches. Snoring is
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Massachusetts Mourners at a wake can't eat more than 3 sandwiches. Snoring is illegal unless all bedroom windows are shut and securly locked. It's illegal to wear a goatee with out a license. It's illegal to go to bed without first having a full bath. It's illegal to have a water gun fight/duel. In Boston a citizen may not own more than 3 dogs. In Salem even a married couple can't sleep together in the nude in rented rooms.

29 слайд Minnesota It's illegal to sleep naked. All men riding motorcycles must wear s
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Minnesota It's illegal to sleep naked. All men riding motorcycles must wear shirts. In International Falls dogs can't chase cats up a telegraph pole, owners can be finned.

30 слайд New-Mexico  It’s forbidden for a female to appear unshaven in public 
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New-Mexico  It’s forbidden for a female to appear unshaven in public 

31 слайд North Carolina It’s against the law to sing off-key It's illegal for a bingo
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North Carolina It’s against the law to sing off-key It's illegal for a bingo game to last longer than 5 hrs (unless this game is being played at a fair).

32 слайд New York A fine of $25 can be levied for flirting. This old law specifically
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New York A fine of $25 can be levied for flirting. This old law specifically prohibits men from turning around on any city street and looking "at a woman in that way." It is against the law to throw a ball at someone's head for fun. The penalty for jumping off a building is death. In NYC a woman is premited to go toppless in public provided it's not being used as a business. They can also ride the subway toppless (since it's okay for the men to do it too).

33 слайд Nebraska It is illegal for bar owners to sell beer unless they are simultaneo
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Nebraska It is illegal for bar owners to sell beer unless they are simultaneously brewing a kettle of soup. In Lehigh it's illegal to sell donut holes.

34 слайд Ohio Policemen are allowed to bite a dog if they think it will calm the dog d
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Ohio Policemen are allowed to bite a dog if they think it will calm the dog down It is illegal to fish for whales on Sunday. It is illegal to get a fish drunk.

35 слайд Oregon It's illigal to be seen in public with the number 69 on any of ones cl
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Oregon It's illigal to be seen in public with the number 69 on any of ones clothing. In Portland people are banned from wistling underwater.   In Stanfield no more than two people can share a single drink.

36 слайд Texas It’s illegal to sell your eyeballs In San Antonio, flirting is against
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Texas It’s illegal to sell your eyeballs In San Antonio, flirting is against the law

37 слайд Utah  Marriage between cousins is against the law only if they are younger th
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Utah  Marriage between cousins is against the law only if they are younger than 65

38 слайд Wisconsin It is illegal to cut a woman's hair. It is illegal to kiss on a tra
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Wisconsin It is illegal to cut a woman's hair. It is illegal to kiss on a train. Raccine women may not walk down a public street at night unless accompanied by a man. In St. Croix, women are not allowed to wear anything red in public. Sun Praire cats are forbidden from entering cemetaries.

39 слайд Wyoming You may not take a picture of a rabbit from January to April without
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Wyoming You may not take a picture of a rabbit from January to April without an official permit 

40 слайд It's illegal to remarry the same man four times. (Kentucky) After Jan 14th a
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It's illegal to remarry the same man four times. (Kentucky) After Jan 14th a person can be fined for having Christmas decorations still up. (Maine) It's Illegal to mistreat oysters. (Maryland) It's against the law to serenade your girlfriend in Kalamazoo. (Michigan) In Helana a woman's cloths must weigh more than 3lb 2oz before she can legaly dance on a saloon table. (Montana) In Dyersburg, it is illegal for a woman to call a man for a date. It is illegal to use a lasso to catch a fish. (Tennessee) A woman must obtain written permission from their husband to wear false teeth. (Vermont)

41 слайд In Lebanon it's illegal to kick your wife out of bed. (Virginia) All lolipop
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In Lebanon it's illegal to kick your wife out of bed. (Virginia) All lolipops are banned. (Washington) If you are found stealing soap, you must wash yourself until the bar of soap has been completely used up (Arizona) If you have mustaches, it’s illegal for you to kiss a woman (Nevada)  It’s against the law for a woman to drive a car in Main Street unless her husband is walking in front of the car waving a red flag (Virginia) Twins can't work for the same company. (Hawaii) In Hartford it's illegal to educate a dog. (Connecticut) It's illegal to fall asleep in a cheese factory. (South Dakota)

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