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In Baikal you can find a sea animal- seal (it’s Baikal seal). It has beautiful fur and its fat has medicinal qualities. 5
The Baikal Seal Sable Squirrel Hare Deer Animals
Barguzin sables have always been considered the greatest wealth of the lake Baikal area. They are beautiful and strong, especially near the lake and in places where it is colder. Their shimmering dark fur stands out for its silkiness.
Do you know about the famous Baikal fish? Certainly it’s omul. But omul came from the ocean. The Baikal omul lives 5-14 years. For its reproduction the omul swims up the tributaries of Baikal: the upper Angara, the Kichera, the Selenga and other small rivers.
Ecological Problems Air pollution Water pollution Soil pollution Deforestation Extinction
Golomyanka Fish Omul Sturgeon Taimen Carp
There is a mysterious self-bearing fish – golomyanka. It throws 2-3 thousands of larvae into the water and perishes. Its body is without scales. Its body is transparent and in light you can see its skeleton. The golomyanka’s body consists of 3% of fat. And it is used in the Tibetan medicine. 5
Flora Siberian pine Ledum Algae Mashrooms
The southern part of the Barguzin Range is protected by both Barguzinsky Reserve and Zabaikalsky National Park. This park protected 39 varieties of mammals, 220 kinds of birds, 4 species of reptiles, and about 30 types of fish and numerous invertebrates. Among the protected mammals, are the sable, brown bear, wolf, lynx, fox, otter, ermine, elk, reindeer, caribou, and musk deer.
Tell about Baikal and put in the missing words Lake Baikal is the ………and oldest lake in the world. It contains 20% of ……… …………… of our planet. The flora and the fauna of Baikal are ……..and include various kinds of plants, animals, birds and fishes, 2/3 of them are ………....... Baikal was given the status of “UNESCO World Heritage Site”. Baikal is included into the list of ............. ………… Unique, deepest, endemics, fresh water, world treasures.
Check yourself! Lake Baikal is the deepest and oldest lake in the world. It contains 20% of fresh water of our planet. The flora and the fauna of Baikal are unique and include various kinds of plants, animals, birds and fishes, 2/3 of them are endemics. Baikal was given the status of “UNESCO World Heritage Site”. Baikal is included into the list of world treasures.
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