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About Teletskoye lake the peoples inhabiting its shores, piled a lot of legends. On one of them, the lake appeared in the place of wide Wonder valley. For the right to possession of fighting 3 heroes, but in the end they are tired to swear and they decided on a Treaty that will dispute to remain silent. "Who was the first to break the silence, he will lose the right to possession of the valley." One hundred days and nights they were silent, but suddenly before them appeared a beautiful woman who fascinated heroes, sparkling dance and singing. And then the heroes could not stand and exclaimed: "Oh, UY-Kizhi", which translated from the Altai means woman!
Their exclamations instantly roared a deafening thunder, the lightning flashed, the woman disappeared, and the valley was filled with thick fog, as if it was covered by a thick blanket. When the fog, then in the valley there is the lake of heavenly purity, playing highlights in the sun. The heroes rushed into the lake, hoping to touch the wondrous women, at least in the water. Their jump the lake seemed to have exploded and a powerful wave struck the mountains, tore down the ice caps, fell down, rolled on the surface of the water with a strange echo: "Tele-tele-tele". Heroes this sound is perceived as a woman's name. As soon as they said it, then turned into the wind, and the whirlwind rose above the lake. Since then, the Teletskoye lake is called, and the heroes are all looking for the wondrous woman. Day they are looking for it by the Nizam, and in the evening at tops. People noticed this change of wind and gave it a name – "verkhovka" and "nizovka"
But this is nothing more than a beautiful legend. The historical facts show that the name of the Teletskoye (Teletskoe, Teleckoe) the lake was about 400 years ago by Russian explorers. They gave the name of lake name of the Turkic tribe - telesi that lived on its shores. The local peoples from time immemorial called it Altyn-Kol, the Golden lake. Fabulous idea that the lake appeared on the site of the beautiful valley. Actually it is located in a narrow cleft between the mountains - the hollow of glacial-tectonic origin. That is why the lake has such tremendous depth. When a small area is 223 km2, the lake is a very large average depth (175 m, 325 m, the maximum — in front of the waterfall Korbu).
The climate in the valley of the Teletskoye lake is very strange: at the opposite extremities of the climatic features are very different from each other. In the southern part of Teletskoye lake by an average of 4-5 degrees warmer, but in the Northern part of the falls twice as much rain. Here is found a rare and dangerous phenomenon — heated the day of the rock the night cools down, "shoot" stones. Teletskoye usually very sympathetic to people, but sometimes it takes a severe temper, showing "who's boss". His victims forever find peace in his cold, bottomless abyss. And nobody will be able to bury them because of the tragedy that tend to occur at very great depths.
The latest tragedy occurred on 11 July 2011 in the Cape Quan is the left Bank of the lake, the most deep. A small pleasure boat on underwater wings of model "Volga" turned upside down, when the campers were returning from the waterfall Korbu. On Board were 13 people. Eight passengers and the driver of the boat delivered in village Artybash, four, including one minor, were missing.
Daily surveyed the coastline and the water area of the incident. Only July 21 at a depth of 213 m machine Falkon had discovered the whereabouts of the boats. On 24 July an attempt was made vertical lifting sunken boats. But to raise the boat failed. Currently, the calculations for the selection of special equipment for the implementation of the lifting boat. The exact date of resuming work have not yet been determined. It is likely that to raise the boat did not succeed.
What happens to the victims in the vast depths of over 200 meters, where eternal cold and darkness? The temperature at the bottom of the lake – no more than 3-4 degrees Celsius. Even fish that inhabit the lake, don't descend to a depth of 100 meters.Divers .which were tossed into the depths of the lake, after surfacing, in horror told me that they seen at a depth of more than 100 meters something incredible – there were floating dead bodies of people and animals, practically have not been changed.
There is a legend that in the bottom layers of the Teletskoye are even riders of the days of Genghis Khan. Supposedly a squad in armor went down in the area of Cape Camry when they tried to swim to reach the opposite shore of the lake. The soldiers did not calculate that the water is a few meters from the shore becomes so cold that paralyzes the horse and human. Under the weight of the armor the riders quickly fell 200 meters in depth where there are still.
At present, even modern equipment is not allows you to explore the bottom of the lake, but it is likely that within a few decades, the secrets of the Teletskoye will be solved. Scientists finally figure out what really is in deep layers and do there riders times of Genghis Khan.
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