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New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand is an island country in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. It lies about 1600 km southeast of Australia and about 10 500 km southwest of California. New Zealand belongs to a large island group called Polynesia. The country is situated on two main islands — the North Island and the South Island — and several dozen smaller islands. Most of the smaller islands are hundreds of kilometers from the main ones.
God of Nations at Thy feet In the bonds of love we meet Hear our voices, we entreat God defend our free land Guard Pacific’s triple star From the shafts of strife and war Make her praises heard afar God defend New Zealand Men of ev’ry creed and race Gather here before Thy face Asking Thee to bless this place God defend our free land From dissension, envy, hate And corruption guard our State Make our country good and great God defend New Zealand Peace, not war, shall be our boast But should our foes assail our coast Make us then a mighty host God defend our free land Lord of battles, in Thy might Put our enemies to flight Let our cause be just and right God defend New Zealand Let our love for Thee increase May Thy blessings never cease Give us plenty, give us peace God defend our free land From dishonour and from shame Guard our country’s spotless name Crown her with immortal fame God defend New Zealand May our mountains ever be Freedom’s ramparts on the sea Make us faithful unto Thee God defend our free land Guide her in the nations' van Preaching love and truth to man Working out Thy Glorious plan God defend New Zealand In the bonds of love we meet Anthem
New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. The British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, is the monarch of New Zealand. She appoints a governor general to represent her, but the governor general has little power. The legislation, prime minister, and Cabinet run the national government The monarch of New Zealand Britain gave New Zealand a constitution in 1852, when it was a British colony. But through the years the New Zealand legislature has changed almost all its provisions. Today, the nation has no written constitution.
The Coat of Arms The
The member of the Commonwealth of Nations The country once belonged to the British empire. Today it is an independent member of the Commonwealth of Nations, an association of Britain and a number of its former colonies
Wellington Wellington is the capital of New Zealand and Auckland is the largest city. English is the official language of New Zealand and is spoken throughout the country. Many native people speak their own language» Maori, in addition to English.
New Zealand's economy New Zealand has one of the highest standard of living in the world. For many years, the economy of the country depended largely on agriculture. Today agriculture, manufacturing, and service industries are all important to the economy. New Zealand's economy depends on trade with many countries — Australia, Britain, Japan and the United States.
The first people who settled in New Zealand were a brown-skinned people called Maoris .They came from Polynesian islands located northeast of New Zealand. The country was discovered by Europeans in 1642, but they did not start to settle in the islands until the late 1700's. Today, most New Zealanders are descendants of the early European settlers. Maoris make up about 12 % of the country's population Maoris.
New Zealand is a land of lakes, often painted and photographed. Used widely for fishing and boating, they are also a source of water for drinking, irrigation and electricity generation. Each lake has its own characteristics that are treasured by those who live nearby. Lake facts and figures Excluding offshore islands, New Zealand has 775 lakes that are at least 0.5 kilometres long. Lakes cover about 1.3% of the land area. The largest is Lake Taupō, in the central North Island, with an area of 623 square kilometres. It lies in a deep basin created by a massive eruption of the Taupō volcano, about 26,500 years ago. The eight next-largest lakes are all glacial lakes in the South Island. The deepest lake is Lake Hauroko, in western Southland, which reaches 462 metres. It is the 16th deepest lake in the world. The Maori word for lake is ‘roto’, and many lake names start with this. Some examples are: Rotoiti (small lake), Rotoroa (long lake), Rotomanu (lake of birds) and Rotomahana (warm New Zealand is a land of lakes
The animals of New Zealand have a particularly interesting history because, before the arrival of humans, less than 900 years ago, the country was completely free of mammals, except those that could swim there (seals, sea lions, and, off-shore, whales) or fly there (bats). This meant that all the ecological niches occupied by mammals elsewhere were occupied by either insects or birds, leading to an unusually large number of flightless birds, including the kiwi, the weka, the moa, and the kakapo. Because of the lack of predators even the bats spend most of their time on the ground. There are also about 60 species of lizard (30 each of gecko and skink), four species of frog (all rare and endangered) and two species of tuatara(reptiles resembling lizards but with a distinct lineage). The animals of New Zealand
The animals of New Zealand
The plants of New Zealand The plants of New Zealand
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fauna_of_New_Zealand Использованные источники: http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/lakes/page-1