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Holidays in Russia
Christmas Christmas in Russia is observed, on 7 January, as a public holiday according to the Julian calendar used by the Russian Orthodox Church. The public holiday was re-established in 1991, following the decades of suppression of religion and state atheism of the Soviet Union. Christmas on 25 December is celebrated in Russia by the Roman Catholic and various Protestant churches, but is not a public holiday.
Victory Day May 9, Russia celebrates the victory over Nazi Germany, while remembering those who died in order to achieve it. On 9 May 1945 (by Moscow time) the German military surrendered to the Soviet Union and the Allies of World War II in Berlin (Karlshorst). A military parade is held in Moscow to celebrate the day. Victory Day is by far one of the biggest Russian holidays. It commemorates those who died in WWII and pays tribute to survivors and veterans.
New year In addition to New Year's Day on 1 January, 2–5 January are public holidays as well, called New Year holiday. The holiday includes January 6 and 8, with Christmas being January 7, declared as non-working days by law. Until 2005, only 1 and 2 January were public holidays.
Defender of the Fatherland Day The Defender of the Fatherland Day is celebrated on 23 February, and is a day of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The holiday was established in 1918. This event is held on October 11th.
Russia Day Russia Day is the national day, celebrated on June 12. On this day, in 1990, Russian parliament formally declared Russian sovereignty from the USSR which declared complete state independence , Russian independence was less radical, and coexistence of Russian and USSR state power had a place until the end of 1991 The holiday was officially established in 1992. According to the survey of Levada Center in May 2009, 44% of the respondents named the holiday as Independence Day of Russia.
International Women's Day On the eve of World War I campaigning for peace, Russian women observed their first International Women's Day on the last Sunday in February 1913. In 1913 following discussions, International Women's Day was transferred to 8 March and this day has remained the global date for International Women's Day ever since.
National Flag Day The National Flag Day is an official holiday in Russia, established in 1994. It is celebrated on 22 August, the day of the victory over putschists in 1991, but it is not a day-off.