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Parliamentary Democracy. How does it work?
Aims: Educational aims: acquaintance with new vocabulary, analyse information Developing aims: develop skills of communication; writing, reading and listening skills Educative aims: meaning of the word “Democracy”
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy.
What do you think “DEMOCRACY” mean? People do what they want within the framework of law. People elect their representatives to rule the country. People say what they think. People can live any place they choose. All people and authorities follow the constitution. The head of state guarantees the rights of citizens.
Read and translate the following word combinations to appoint the Prime Minister to determine the policy to delay the bill to revise the bill to examine the bill to vote (on) the programme to draft the programme to sign a bill to pass a new law to rule the country to oppose the government policy to make laws to discuss the bill to approve the bill to challenge the bill to give the royal assent
Monarch Elizabeth II was born on 21 April 1926; was married to Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburg, on 20 November, 1947; ascended the throne on 6 February 1952; and was crowned on 2 June, 1953 - is the official head of state and an integral part of Parliament in her constitutional role; - appoints all the Ministers, including the Prime Minister; - has mostly representative functions; gives the royal assent to the bills passed by the House of Commons and the House of Lords; - is the Head of the Commonwealth of Nations; - everything today is done in the Queen’s name;
The government The Prime Minister Teresa May chooses chooses The Cabinet about 20 ministers Non – Cabinet ministers Every year all three parts of Parliament come together for the Queen’s Speech. In the speech the Queen tells Parliament about the Government’s plans for the next year. The Government writes it for her.
The government - to determine government policies; - to be responsible for government policies; - to coordinate government departments; - to be responsible to the House of Commons; The Prime – Minister lives and works in the official residence, № 10 Downing Street, London
Parliament The Parliament was formed in 1707. The House of Commons about 650 elected MPs for 5 years - makes laws; discusses political problems and control the work of the government. The House of Lords over 1 100 permanent, non-elected members; peers and life peers. Examines and revises bills from the House of Commons; can delay bills for one year if they do not approve them.
The House of Lords – the seats are red The House of Commons – the seats are green
People - all men and women over 18; - elect members of the House of Commons; - there are about 650 constituencies in the UK with 60 – 70,000 electors in each of them; - on electing day people mark an “X” beside the candidate they wish to be elected; -in each constituency, the candidate with most votes wins;
Great Britain Political system A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch The head of state The Queen The legislative branch Parliament The House of Commons The House of Lords The executive branch Queen The Prime Minister The cabinet Non-Cabinet Ministers
A. The Queen votes on the bills. B. The Queen signs the bills. A. The Queen has mostly representative functions. B. The Queen rules the country in fact. A. The government represents the legislative branch of power. B. The government represents the executive branch of power. A. The Cabinet is responsible for government policies. B. The Cabinet Ministers revise bills from Parliament. 5. A. Parliament represents the legislative branch of power. B. Parliament represents the executive branch of power. A. The House of Commons controls the government. B. The government controls the House of Commons. A. The House of Lords has the power to delay bills for one year. B. The House of Lords opposes the decisions of the House of Commons. 8. A. The Cabinet coordinates the work of the government departments. B. The Cabinet makes law. What functions do the representatives of power perform? Find the correct statement.
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Эта презентация предназначена для учащихся 10 классов, изучающих английский язык по учебнику "Английский язык. 10 – 11 классы" Кузовлев В.П., Лапа Н.М., Перегудова Э.Ш. Презентация знакомит учащихся политическим устройством Соединенного королевства. Цель презентации: развитие интереса к стране изучаемого языка.
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