Получите 30₽ за публикацию своей разработки в библиотеке «Инфоурок»Добавить материал
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
The Passive is used: When the agent (the person who does the action) is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context; When we are interested more in the action than the agent, such as in news reports, formal notices, instructions, processes, headlines, advertisements etc. To make statements more formal or polite. To put emphasis on the agent.
Changing from Active into Passive The object of the active becomes the subject in the new sentence. The active verb changes into a passive form and the subject of the active verb becomes the agent which is either introduced with “by” or is omitted. The Passive can be used only with transitive verbs (verbs which take an object such as give, write, take etc). Verbs such as happen, sleep, come, go, seem etc. are not used in the Passive. fed the cat A boy The cat was fed by a boy
We put the agent (= person who performs the action) in the Passive only if it adds information. When the agent is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context, it is omitted. Agents such as someone, people, I, you etc are omitted. 1. The money was saved by my sister (The agent is not omitted; it adds information) 2. Somebody cooked the soup. -> The soup was cooked (unknown agent; by + agent are omitted)
Make, hear, help, see are followed by a to-infinitive in the Passive. She helped him plant a tree. -> He was helped to plant a tree. Hear, see, watch can be followed by a present participle in the active and passive. I heard him practicing the violin. -> He was heard practicing the violin.
Believe, expect, feel, hope, know, report, say, think etc are used in the following passive patterns in personal and impersonal constructions. People believe he is a hero. a) Subject (person) + passive + to-infinitive (personal construction) He is believed to be a hero. b) It + passive + that-clause (impersonal construction) It is believed that he is a hero.
Participles like amazed, broken, interested, pleased, worried etc can be used either as adjectives or participles in the passive. If these participles are used as adjectives, they cannot be turned into the active. Compare: The first time I saw her I was amazed. (“amazed” is used as an adjective) I was amazed by her appearance. (“amazed” is used as a past participle - Your appearance amazed me)
Курс профессиональной переподготовки
Вам будут интересны эти курсы:
Авторизуйтесь, чтобы задавать вопросы.