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Инфоурок Иностранные языки ПрезентацииПрезентация по английскому языку на тему "Пассивный залог"

Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Пассивный залог"

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Электронное пособие Тема: “Passive Voice”

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

1 слайд Электронное пособие Тема: “Passive Voice”
Описание слайда:

Электронное пособие Тема: “Passive Voice”

2 слайд Passive Voice The Passive is formed by using the appropriate tense of the ver
Описание слайда:

Passive Voice The Passive is formed by using the appropriate tense of the verb to be + past participle. Present Perfect Continuous, Future Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous are not normally used in the passive.

3 слайд The Passive is used: When the agent (the person who does the action) is unkno
Описание слайда:

The Passive is used: When the agent (the person who does the action) is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context; When we are interested more in the action than the agent, such as in news reports, formal notices, instructions, processes, headlines, advertisements etc. To make statements more formal or polite. To put emphasis on the agent.

4 слайд Present Simple Active Voice: They serve dinner at 6.00. Passive Voice: They s
Описание слайда:

Present Simple Active Voice: They serve dinner at 6.00. Passive Voice: They serve dinner at 6.00. is served Dinner

5 слайд Present Continuous Active Voice: He is cooking supper now. Passive Voice: He
Описание слайда:

Present Continuous Active Voice: He is cooking supper now. Passive Voice: He is cooking supper is being cooked Supper now

6 слайд Past Simple Active Voice: They caught him a year ago. Passive Voice: a year a
Описание слайда:

Past Simple Active Voice: They caught him a year ago. Passive Voice: a year ago. They caught him He was caught

7 слайд Past Continuous Active Voice: He was writing a letter. Passive Voice: He was
Описание слайда:

Past Continuous Active Voice: He was writing a letter. Passive Voice: He was writing a letter was being written. A letter

8 слайд Future Simple Active Voice: They will build a new house. Passive Voice: They
Описание слайда:

Future Simple Active Voice: They will build a new house. Passive Voice: They will build a new house will be built. A new house

9 слайд Present Perfect Active Voice: They have sold the house. Passive Voice: They h
Описание слайда:

Present Perfect Active Voice: They have sold the house. Passive Voice: They have sold the house has been sold. The house

10 слайд Past Perfect Active Voice: They had celebrated the New Year party. Passive Vo
Описание слайда:

Past Perfect Active Voice: They had celebrated the New Year party. Passive Voice: They had celebrated the New Year party had been celebrated. The New Year party

11 слайд Future Perfect Active Voice: They will have cooked buns. Passive Voice: They
Описание слайда:

Future Perfect Active Voice: They will have cooked buns. Passive Voice: They will have cooked buns will have been cooked. Buns

12 слайд Present infinitive Active Voice: They should win the game. Passive Voice: The
Описание слайда:

Present infinitive Active Voice: They should win the game. Passive Voice: They should win the game should be won. The game

13 слайд Perfect infinitive Active Voice: He should have collected the toys. Passive V
Описание слайда:

Perfect infinitive Active Voice: He should have collected the toys. Passive Voice: should have been collected. He should have collected the toys The toys

14 слайд -ing form Active Voice: She likes people singing her songs. Passive Voice: Sh
Описание слайда:

-ing form Active Voice: She likes people singing her songs. Passive Voice: She likes people singing her songs being sung.

15 слайд Perfect –ing form Active Voice: Having robbed the bank, … Passive Voice: avin
Описание слайда:

Perfect –ing form Active Voice: Having robbed the bank, … Passive Voice: aving the bank robbed H h been The bank

16 слайд Modals + be + p.p. Active Voice: You must arrest him. Passive Voice: You must
Описание слайда:

Modals + be + p.p. Active Voice: You must arrest him. Passive Voice: You must arrest him He must be arrested

17 слайд Changing from Active into Passive The object of the active becomes the subjec
Описание слайда:

Changing from Active into Passive The object of the active becomes the subject in the new sentence. The active verb changes into a passive form and the subject of the active verb becomes the agent which is either introduced with “by” or is omitted. The Passive can be used only with transitive verbs (verbs which take an object such as give, write, take etc). Verbs such as happen, sleep, come, go, seem etc. are not used in the Passive. fed the cat A boy The cat was fed by a boy

18 слайд In the Passive we use by + agent to say who or what did the action. We use wi
Описание слайда:

In the Passive we use by + agent to say who or what did the action. We use with + instrument or material to say what the agent used. The computer was broken by the clerk with a hammer.

19 слайд With verbs that take two objects, it is more usual to begin the Passive sente
Описание слайда:

With verbs that take two objects, it is more usual to begin the Passive sentence with the person. Active Voice: They gave Jane some money. Passive Voice: Jane was given some money. (more usual than: Money was given to Jane)

20 слайд We put the agent (= person who performs the action) in the Passive only if it
Описание слайда:

We put the agent (= person who performs the action) in the Passive only if it adds information. When the agent is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context, it is omitted. Agents such as someone, people, I, you etc are omitted. 1. The money was saved by my sister (The agent is not omitted; it adds information) 2. Somebody cooked the soup. -> The soup was cooked (unknown agent; by + agent are omitted)

21 слайд Make, hear, help, see are followed by a to-infinitive in the Passive. She hel
Описание слайда:

Make, hear, help, see are followed by a to-infinitive in the Passive. She helped him plant a tree. -> He was helped to plant a tree. Hear, see, watch can be followed by a present participle in the active and passive. I heard him practicing the violin. -> He was heard practicing the violin.

22 слайд Believe, expect, feel, hope, know, report, say, think etc are used in the fol
Описание слайда:

Believe, expect, feel, hope, know, report, say, think etc are used in the following passive patterns in personal and impersonal constructions. People believe he is a hero. a) Subject (person) + passive + to-infinitive (personal construction) He is believed to be a hero. b) It + passive + that-clause (impersonal construction) It is believed that he is a hero.

23 слайд We use be + past participle or have been + past participle after modal verbs
Описание слайда:

We use be + past participle or have been + past participle after modal verbs (will, can, may etc). I can’t solve the task. -> The task can’t be solved. They may have built the house. -> The house may have been built.

24 слайд Verbs followed by a preposition (accuse somebody of, look after etc) take the
Описание слайда:

Verbs followed by a preposition (accuse somebody of, look after etc) take the preposition immediately after them when turned into passive. They accused him of the murder. -> He was accused of the murder.

25 слайд In passive questions with who/whom/which we do not omit by. Who signed the le
Описание слайда:

In passive questions with who/whom/which we do not omit by. Who signed the letter? -> Who was the letter signed by? Who gave you these books? -> Who were you given these books by?

26 слайд Participles like amazed, broken, interested, pleased, worried etc can be used
Описание слайда:

Participles like amazed, broken, interested, pleased, worried etc can be used either as adjectives or participles in the passive. If these participles are used as adjectives, they cannot be turned into the active. Compare: The first time I saw her I was amazed. (“amazed” is used as an adjective) I was amazed by her appearance. (“amazed” is used as a past participle - Your appearance amazed me)

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