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«The political system of the UK and the USA» Автор: учитель английского языка Малышева С.А.
What a political system of Great Britain? What is the political structure in the UK? Who is the head of state in the UK? Who is the head the government in the UK?
THE MONARCH is the official head of state and an integral part of Parliament in her constitutional role; has mostly representative functions; gives the royal assent to the bills passed by the House of Commons and the House of Lords; is the head of the Commonwealth of Nations THE GOVERNMENT the Prime Minister is the head of government; is the leader of the party with the majority seats in the House of Commons the Cabinet about 20 ministers; determines government policies and coordinates government departments Non-Cabinet Ministers PARLIAMENT the House of Commons the House of Lords (about 650 elected MPs - members of Parliament) (over 1,100 permanent, non-elected members; makes laws; discusses political problems peers and life peers) examines and revises the Official Opposition bills from the House of Commons; can delay the largest opposition party; forms the bills for one year Shadow Cabinet («теневой» кабинет) THE PEOPLE (all men and women over 18)
The Royal Apartments
the house of lords The House of Lords
The House of Commons
The official ceremony the State Opening of Parliament
1. How many parts does the Palace of Westminster consist of? a) one b) two c) three 2. What are the main colours of the Houses of Parliament? a) gold, red, blue b) gold, green and red c) red and green 3. Who writes the Queen's Speech? a) the Queen b) the Government c) the Lord Chancellor 4. Which are Britain's two main political parties? a) Democratic, Republican and Conservative b) Conservative and Democratic c) Labour and Conservative 5. Whose shoe should a Conservative touch? a) David Lloyd George’s b) Winston Churchill's c) The Queen’s 6. Why do MPs sometimes sit on the steps? a) There are more MPs than seats in the House of Commons, b) It’s a part of an old tradition. c) it’s a punishment for those who are late. 7. When can you see the Mace in the House of Commons? a) It’s always there. b) Only when the Queen comes c) When the House is debating. 8. How old is Westminster Hall? a) more than a thousand years old b) more than a hundred years old c) more than four hundred years old
1. How many parts does the Palace of Westminster consist of? c) three 2. What are the main colours of the Houses of Parliament? b) gold, green and red 3. Who writes the Queen's Speech? b) the Government 4. Which are Britain's two main political parties? c) Labour and Conservative 5. Whose shoe should a Conservative touch? b) Winston Churchill's 6. Why do MPs sometimes sit on the steps? a) There are more MPs than seats in the House of Commons, 7. When can you see the Mace in the House of Commons? c) When the House is debating. 8. How old is Westminster Hall? a) more than a thousand years old «5» «4» «3» «2» «0» mistakes «1-2» mistakes «3-4» mistakes «5-8» mistakes
The United States is a constitution-based federal republic. Each state has its own state government and state law. This country is made up of 50 states and the independent District of Columbia.
Branches of the Government
The House of Representatives 435 members Every state is represented The members are elected every two years The Senate 100 members The period of Senator’s serving is 6 years A Senator has to be at least 30 years The legislative branch of the Government is represented by the Congress.The main function of it is law making.
The executive branch of the Government The President Vice-president The Cabinet of the President This branch is responsible for initiating and administrating laws.The President is the Head of the Cabinet and he can veto a law that the Congress has passed.The President is elected every 4 years and cannot serve more than two terms. The Vice-president of the USA is the head of the Senate.
The judicial branch of the Government The main function of it is applying law.The highest court of the country is the Supreme Court. When the Congress passes a law and when this law is against the Constitution,the Supreme Court may veto this law.
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