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СТЕПЕНИ СРАВНЕНИЯ :
СПОСОБЫ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ СТЕПЕНЕЙ СРАВНЕНИЯ : СПОСОБ 1 2 3 tall tall + er = taller the tall + est = tallest strong stronger the strongest Adj Adj Adj
ОРФОГРАММЫ : 1. + er / est nice – niceer - the niceest large - larger - the largest 2. + er / est i i happy - happyer - the happyest heavy – heavier - the heaviest 3. + er / est fat - fatter - the fattest big – bigger – the biggest NB! Буквы w, x – не удваиваются. … e … согласная y i … согласная (ударная гласная) согласная Х 2
Form the degrees of comparison of the following words: fine - short – pretty – thin - clever - long - lazy - mad - high - red - new - hot - bright -
СЛУЧАИ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ 1 способа образования степеней сравнения Односложные : new – newer – the newest Двусложные, оканчивающиеся на e, er, y, ow : narrow – narrower – the narrowest 3. Трехсложные, оканчивающиеся на e : polite – politer – the politest 4. Исключения : common – commoner – the commonest quiet – quieter – the quietest NB! Наречия, оканчивающиеся на – ly, образуют степени сравнения по второму способу, за исключением слова early.
СПОСОБЫ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ СТЕПЕНЕЙ СРАВНЕНИЯ СПОСОБ : 1 2 3 beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful dangerous more dangerous the most dangerous Adj Adj Adj
Form the degrees of comparison of the following words: 1. sharp – 2. dirty - 3. cold – 4. cheap - 5. difficult – 6. comfortable - 7. gay – 8. busy - 9. wet - 10. famous - 11. deep - 12. severe - 13. ripe - 14. interesting - 15. brave -
ИСКЛЮЧЕНИЯ good – better – the best This house is good. This house is better than that. This house is the best of the three.
bad – worse – the worst The first house is … . The second house is … than the first one. The third house is … of the three.
little – less – the least There is little light in this room. There is less light in this room. There is the least light in this room.
much - more - the most many There are many apples on the plate. There are more apples in the basket. There are the most apples in the box.
far – farther – the farthest further - the furthest This church is far. This church is even farther. This church is the farthest of all. NB! Read further, please!
old – older – the oldest elder - the eldest (in the family) This portrait is old. This is my elder sister. This portrait is even older. This portrait is the oldest.
Form the degrees of comparison of the following words: merry – bad – magnificent – many – greedy – wide – hard – useful – good – little – small – fortunate – common – slowly – far – mad –
as as - такой же … как William Hogarth is as famous as sir Joshua Reynolds. not so (as) as - не такой … как Lilla Cabot Perry is not so popular as Pablo Picasso. Adj Adj
Fill in the missing words: I am older __________ Tom. 2. This book is ______ most interesting _______ all. 3. New York is not ______ ancient _____ Rome. 4. He is ______ cleverest ______ the class. 5. It was not ______ bad yesterday ______ it is today. 6. Is the Volga longer _______ the Nile? 7. Today’s weather is ______ worst ______ the week. 8. Fred is ______ tallest _______ the three. 9. This hotel is _______ comfortable ______ that. 10. My dog is better _______ yours.
Put the adjectives in brackets into the correct form: The weather is (fine) ____________ today than it was yesterday. 2. London is one of the (big) _______________ city in the world. 3. This sentence is (difficult) ___________________ than the first one. 4. This dictation is not so (easy) ____________ as the last one. 5. Which is the (high) _______________ mountain in the world? 6. His face was getting (red) ____________ and (red) ____________ . 7. This present is the (good) __________________ of all. 8. Your composition was the (bad) ________________ in the class. 9. The cat will be much (happy) _______________ in her new home. 10. I am not so (tall ) _____________ as Jimmy. 11. Athens is (far) ___________ from London than Rome is. 12. This film is as (interesting) _____________ as the one we saw last week. 13. They have (many) _________ hens than we have, but they get (few) ______eggs.
Answer the following questions : Tom is taller than Richard. Richard is taller than Fred. Which of the boys is the tallest? Which is the shortest? 2. It is hotter in Athens than it is in London. It is not as hot in Oslo as it is in London. Which of the three cities is the hottest? Which is the coldest? 3. A train goes faster than a ship but not so fast as an airplane. Which is the fastest ? Which is the slowest?
Sources : Eckersley C., Macaulay M. “Brighter Grammar”, Киев, «Ореол», 1994 2. Качалова К., Израилевич Е. «Практическая грамматика английского языка», Москва, «ЮНИВЕС ЛИСТ», 1997 3. Чумачева О. «English», III часть, Москва, МГУ им. М.Ломоносова, НТЦ «Обучающие технологии», 1998