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English Folklore Robin Hood Ballads
traditional customs, tales, sayings, dances, or other art forms preserved among a people. Folklore (Folk – people, lore – traditional knowledge or belief)
A Ballad A short story in the form of a poem usually set to music. (derived from an Old French word ballade – a dancing song)
A Ballad Folk ballads flourished in England and Scotland in the 15th century.
Folk Ballads - Authors are unknown; - Originally meant to be sung; Were not written down and passed from mouth to mouth.
Folk Ballads - Focus on a single, dramatic event; -Told through action and dialogue; - Never told in the first person.
- Divided into quatrains (4-line stanzas); - Second and fourth lines usually rhyme (abcb); - Usually written in iambic pentameter. Elements of a Ballad
A refrain - a phrase or verse that is repeated regularly in a poem, especially at the end of each stanza Elements of a Ballad
- Usually related to tragic evens, unhappy love affairs, family feuds, popular outlaws (Robin Hood), historical events, heroes. Ballad Themes
Robin Hood Ballads
Robin Hood William Langland’s “Piers Plowman” (1377) “I ken (=know) ‘rimes of Robin Hood” (Sloth)
And he was clad in coat and hood of green. A sheaf of peacock arrows bright and keen Under his belt he bore right carefully (Well could he keep his tackle yeomanly: His arrows had no draggled feathers low), And in his hand he bore a mighty bow. A cropped head had he and a sun-browned face. Of woodcraft knew he all the useful ways. Upon his arm he bore a bracer gay, And at one side a sword and buckler, yea, And at the other side a dagger bright, Well sheathed and sharp as spear point in the light; On breast a Christopher of silver sheen. He bore a horn in baldric all of green; A forester he truly was, I guess. Geoffrey Chaucer “The Canterbury Tales” Robin Hood
- Robin as the Earl of Huntington - Robert of Locksley - Robin Hood of Wakefield - Robin Hood of York Robin Hood
Robin Hood and his Merry Men Characters
Little John Characters
Friar Tuck Characters
Maid Marian Characters
The Sherriff of Noringham Characters
Richard I (The Lionheart) Characters
“Robbing the rich to give to the poor”
Francis J. Child (1825-1896) “The English and Scottish Popular Ballads” (1882)
“Robin Hood and the Golden Arrow” 1. Name the characters in the order of appearance. 2. Who are Robin Hood’s friends (enemies)? 3. What characteristics are attributed to Robin Hood? 4. Give the order of evens. 5. Does this ballad have all the elements of a traditional folk ballad? (Prove referring to the text)
Robin Hood in Popular Culture 1984 1991 2006 2010
“Robin of Sherwood” 1. Name the characters in the episode. 2. Name the differences between the ballad and the TV episode.