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Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Роль женщин"
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
THE ROLE OF WOMEN THE PAST YEARS INDICATE IMPORTANT CHANGES THAT HAVE OCCURRED IN THE EMPLOYMENT RATES, EDUCATION LEVELS, AND FAMILY ROLES AND ECSPECTATIONS OF American women.
More women are entering the labor force.
In 1940 only 27.4% of all American women are worked outside the home. By 1970 the figure had risen to 42.6 and by 1986, 54.7%. Projections indicate that by 1990 women will constitute more than half of the American labor force.
More women have been attaining higher educational levels.
In 1960, of all persons aged 25 and older who had been in college four or more times, 39 % were women. By 1975, the proportion had grown to 41 % by 1980.
Women are having fewer children. In the 1950s, the average mother had 3 or 4 children.
In the 1980s, the average mother had 1 or 2 children.
More young women are single. In 1970, the proportion of women from 25 to 29 who had never married was 10.5%. By 1985, the proportion of single (never-married) women between those ages was 26.4%.
Women are marrying at a later age. The median age of females at first marriage rose from 20.6 in 1970 to 22.5 in 1983.
Opinion polls reveal that women’s attitudes toward family roles and child rearing are changing: The majority of women no longer favor traditional marriages. In 1974, 49% of American women said they favored traditional marriages in which the husband is money-earner and the wife the homemaker and child rearer.
However, in 1985, 57 percent of women were convinced that a better marriage is one in which the husband and wife share responsibilities of careers, housekeeping, and child rearing.
Couples want to have fewer children. In 1941, when men and women were asked what they considered the ideal number of children to have in family, the median ideal number was 3.7. That number dropped to 2.8 in 1986.
These statistics on demographics and attitudes indicate that the role of women in American society is changing. Marriage and motherhood are no longer perceived as a woman’s only areas of responsibility.
Women now compete with men: For professional training Employment Leadership positions And political power.
Sex discrimination For many years, discriminatory laws and practices barred women from entering male dominated spheres.
Feminists have drawn attention to inequalities between the sexes and have succeeded in breaking down many of the barriers that kept women from professional and economic advancement.
The modern feminist movement IN MORE RECENT DECADES, WOMEN HAVE SECURED MANY RIGHTS AS A RESULT OF THE MODERN FEMINIST MOVEMENT, WHICH GAINED MOMENTUM IN THE 1960S.
When Betty Friedan wrote The Feminine Mystique in 1963,declaring that motherhood and housekeeping do not provide the fulfillment women want, she articulated a discontent that many women of her generation were feeling.
With this book, Friedan became the standard bearer of the modern feminist movement. In 1966 she founded the National Organization for Women (NOW).
Feminist demanded greater access to jobs and political power, equal pay for equal work, and an end to the condescending way in which men often treated women.
Legislation for equality The women’s movement has helped bring about legislation that ensures greater equality of the sexes. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 guarantees that man and women feeling the same jobs will receive the same pay. Job discrimination on the basis of sex was prohibited by the Equal Rights Act of 1964.
In 1972, Congress barred gender-based discrimination in all federally supported education programs. The same Congress passed a law making it easier for women to qualify for loans and mortgages. A 1978 amendment to the Civil Rights Act protect pregnant women from job discrimination.
Professional women Legislation prohibiting sex discrimination has benefited many women, especially those in professional or technical fields. Women have entered many male-dominated professions.
In 1980 over 80% of the graduates of military academies for the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard were women.
More and more women are training to become accountants, doctors, or lawyers and are filling other high-salaried positions.
In 1960 women made up only 16.4% OF THE NATION ACCOUNTANTS, 3.3% OF THE LAWYERS AND JUDGES, AND 6.8% OF THE DOCTORS.
BY THE 1980 THE PROPORTION OF WOMEN IN THESE HIGH-PAID PROFESSIONS HAD RISEN CONSIDERABLY: 36.2% OF ACCOUNTANTS, 12.8% OF THE LAWYERS AND JUDGES, AND 13.4% OF THE PHYSICIANS WERE WOMEN!
WOMEN ARE SECURING MORE LEADERSHIP POSITIONS IN BUSINESS AND ANDUSTRY.
WOMEN IN POLITICS ALTHOUGH WOMAN’S SHARE OF POLITICAL REPRESENTATION IS STILL SMAII. THE ELECTION OR APPOINTMENT OF A WOMAN TO POLITICAL OFFICE IS BECOMING MORE COMMON.
SANDRA DAY O’CONNOR
SHE BECAME THE 1ST FEMALE Supreme Court justice in 1981.
She made history when she ran on the Democratic ticket as the vice-presidential candidate.
Progress for women In addition to these professional and political gains, the heightened awareness of women’s rights has brought progress in other areas. Federal agencies and other institutions have officially adopted non-sexist language.
The word “chairperson” replaces “chairman”, and “mail carrier” is used instead of “mailman”. In the area of education and scholarship, women’s history has emerged as a new field of study. Within this discipline, scholars are reexamining the events of America’s political and social history from a feminist perspective.
Predicament of working woman Some feminists, including Betty Friedan, have acknowledged the predicament of working women.
It is difficult for a professional woman to become highly successful if she must divide her energies between duties at home and those at work.
Women who choose a successful career instead of a family sometimes wish they could have both.
Many women who do manage both careers and families complain they are overworked.
In some families, working husbands and wives share the housekeeping and child-rearing duties.
But statistics continue to show that most working women still do a greater share of the housework than their husbands.
Arranging and affording child care is another burden on working parents.
Daycare centers for pre-school-age children are often expensive. Some corporations are responding to women’s needs. But still many people feel that solutions such as these need to be more broadly instituted to relieve pressure on women and families.
In spite of some difficulties at last women become more free, emancipated than they were hundred years ago.
Краткое описание документа:
Данная презентация предназначена для изучения темы «Роль женщин» в средних специальных учебных учреждениях. Работа на занятии дает возможность быстро и результативно изучить историю становления женщины как личности, процесс появления ее прав и свобод, равенства с мужчиной в профессии, жизни и постановке целей.
Студентам предлагается чтение содержания презентации с датами и событиями, просмотр рисунков по теме и заголовкам. Это дает возможность развивать способности учащихся, расширять кругозор, закрепить полученные на уроке знания и отработать практическое чтение, понимание и перевод текста.
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