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Pre-reading task: Do you like Christmas? What words do you connect with the word “Christmas”? How do you spend your Christmas time?
CHRISTMAS The Whole Story History Christmas in Britain Christmas in America
HISTORY For most British families, this is the most important festival of the year, it combines the Christian celebrity of the birth of Christ, with the traditional festivities of winter. Different legends passed across the ages to make the present day Santa Claus. Immigrant settlers brought Father Christmas to the United States . Father’s name was gradually changed to Santa Claus, from the Dutch name for Father Christmas, which is Sinter Class. Although he has origins in Norse and pre-Christian mythology, Santa Claus took shape in the United States. Americans gave Santa Claus a white beard, dressed him in a red suit and made him a cheery old man with red cheeks and a twinkle in his eye. A Christmas tree is one of the main symbols of Christmas in most homes. Relatives and friends may join in trimming the tree with lights and tinsel. Presents are placed under the tree. On Christmas Eve families open their presents. Many children believe that Santa arrives on Christmas Eve in a sleigh pulled by reindeer and brings presents. Some children hang up stockings so Santa can fiil them with candy, fruits and other small gifts.
Christmas in Britain Celebrations Shopping Crime Family Weather Food
Celebrations Every year the people of Norway give the city of London a present. It’s a big Christmas tree and it stands in Trafalgar Square. Central streets are beautifully decorated. In the afternoon English people may watch the Queen on television as she delivers her traditional Christmas message to the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. Most families decorate their homes with brightly-colored paper or holly and they usually have a Christmas tree in the corner of the front room, glittering with colored lights and decorations.
Shopping Officially Christmas celebrations run from the 24th of December to the 2nd of January An average family spends 670 pounds An average British man buys 46 greeting cards per year Buying on credit card becomes a part of British culture In January the whole British population of the Britain rushes to shops to hunt for bargain
Crime Long live Christmas! – say pickpockets, car thieves, and burglars Every year thousands of people get their wallets stolen in overcrowded shops and streets As much as 9% of people experience a burglary in December
Family British Christmas is definitely a family celebration. For Christmas it is a must to spend it together, it means 3 days: Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, and Boxing Day. There are things that just have to be done even if you hate it: play traditional board games, and eating Christmas cake. According to statistics, the number of family breakdowns doubles in the post-Christmas period as a result of stress, debt and over-consumption of alcohol.
Weather There are some people in Britain who love horrible weather and these people are travel agents. People buy holidays for the summer or even next year during the festive season as it can work out significantly cheaper than buying closer to the time of travel. In most cases the weather is wet and gloomy.
Food The most important meal is Christmas Dinner. The British often pull the cracker at the start of the meal, which contains a toy, a paper bat, or a joke. Typical meal is turkey with potatoes, sweet pudding, and Christmas cake, usually having covering ice.
Christmas in America Celebrations Shopping Santa Claus Food Carols
Celebrations Long ago, each child hung a stocking, or sock, over the fireplace. Santa entered down the chimney and left candy and presents inside the socks for the children. Today the tradition is carried on, but the socks are now larger, red sock shaped fabric bags still called stockings. Each child can’t wait to open his or her eyes to see what Santa has left in the stockings. People in the United States and Canada decorate their homes with Christmas trees, wreaths and ornaments. City streets are filled with colored lights; the sound of bells and Christmas carols can be heard everywhere.
Shopping In the US many stores hold special sales, where things can be bought cheaply, on the day after Christmas. 12 days after Christmas is the time when people are supposed to take down their decorations and remove their Christmas trees
Santa Claus Santa Claus, is called Santa, or Kriss Kingle in America is an imaginary old man in red clothes and with long white beard. He is thought to live at the North pole where he spends most of the year in his workshop making toys for children with the help of elves called in America “Brownies” There is a tradition that children should put a long sock called a Christmas stocking at the end of their bed so that Santa Claus will fill it with presents. Santa Claus is supposed to visit each house on Christmas Eve by climbing down the chimney.
Food Americans bake special biscuits called Christmas cookies which they eat over the Christmas season from mid-December to the end of the year.
Carols In many parts of the United States and Canada groups of people walk from house to house and sing Christmas carols. Some people give singers money or small gifts or invite them for a warm drink. Sometimes carol-singers can be heard on the streets as they collect money for charity. On Christmas Eve there are evening church services which everyone attends. They listen to readings from Bible and singing Christmas carols. On Christmas Day, there are other religious ceremonies at churches which families attend before they make their rounds to visit their friends and relatives.
Match the word with the meaning: Deliver Experience Charity Twinkle Trim Thief Average chimney Дымоход Благотворительность Украшение Средний Опыт Доставлять Вор сверкать
Find the words in the puzzle (12):
Read the dialogue and act it out: A: Happy Christmas! B: Thanks. Same to you. A:are you doing anything special? B: We’ve been invited over to my brother’s. What about you? A: Just as usual. We’re having all our relatives round. B: Very enjoyable holiday to you and your family. A: Thank you. All the best to you!
Tasks Read the dialogue and say what people think about Christmas in Britain: A: It seems to me that Christmas is the favorite holiday of the British. B: Oh, yes. It is really so. The reason for this is quite clear. Christmas is undoubtedly the most colourful holiday of the year. Moreover, it has always been a time for eating, drinking, making merry, and giving presents, of course. A: But Christmas has become extremely commercialized in your country. Besides Christmas cards, people have got to buy so many useless things to give presents to their relatives and friends. B: But, on the other hand, that gives them much pleasure. In fact, Christmas is not the only commercialized holiday. Most of them are to a certain extent. Take Easter, the celebration is exciting and it always requires lots of sweets and chocolate eggs. In the time of Hallowe’en numerous parties with dressing up and different games take place throughout the country. People buy pumpkins and candles to be put inside them. All that is money consuming, of course. A: by the way, most Englishmen, who are generally said to be rather reserved and not very emotional, seem to believe all this staff and have fun as if they were children. That’s a bit strange for the foreigners. B: I’m sure you’ll soon get used to it. It will only take some time.
Writing a postcard Look at the expressions: Merry Christmas! Very enjoyable holiday to you! May all your dreams come true! I wish you all the happiness in the world! All the best! I wish you good luck! Write the colourful postcard with Christmas congratulations to: Your parents Your teacher Mrs Parkins Your boyfriend(Bob)/ your girlfriends(Ann) Your elder brother John, his wife Mary and their children Sam and Caroline Your boss Mr Crafts
Making decorations: Think of the best decoration for your flat and Christmas –tree and make it
Topical vocabulary: Pickpocket-вор-карманник Thief-вор Burglar-вор-взломщик Wallet-бумажник Experience-опыт Breakdown-развод Debt-долг Gloomy-угрюмый Chimney-дымоход Wreaths -гирлянда Carol-рождественская песня Charity-благотворительность Attend-посещать Combine-объединять Dutch-голландец Cheery-веселый Twinkle-сверкать Main-главный Trim-украшение Tinsel-мишура Deliver-доставлять Holly-святой Glitter-блестеть, сверкать Average-средний Population-население Bargain-сделка
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