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Do you like Russian national food?
Contents Introduction Body What Russian national dishes do you know? Why do people cook pancakes on Maslenitsa? What interesting facts do you know? Conclusion Questions
Introduction Russian cuisine is distinctive and unique,and it was formed under the influence of different environmental, social, geographical, economic and historical factors. The main feature of Russian cuisine is considered to be an abundance and variety of products used for cooking. cuisine [kwiːˈziːn]-кухня distinctive [dɪsˈtɪŋktɪv]-отличительные unique [juːˈniːk]-уникальная variety [vəˈraɪətɪ]-разнообразие
What Russian national dishes do you know? Russian cuisine is a collection of the different cooking traditions of the Russian people. Russian cuisine includes meat dishes, soups, salads, drinks, alcohol and different desserts. The Russian cuisine is hardly ever used frying. In the past, the food is cooked in the oven, so it is widely used boiling, stewing, vexation. Also in the Russian cuisine has cooking vegetables and fruits using pickling, salting. hardly [ˈhɑːdlɪ]-почти frying-жарка boiling [ˈbɔɪlɪŋ]-кипение stewing-тушение vexation [vekˈseɪʃn]-томление pickling-мариновать salting [ˈsɔːltɪŋ]-соление
Why do people cook pancakes on Maslenitsa? The name of the holiday, Maslenitsa (derived from “maslo”, which means butter in Russian) owes its existence to the tradition of baking pancakes. They are essential to the celebration of Maslenitsa. On the one hand, hot, round, and golden, pancakes, as people believed, embody a little of the sun’s grace and might, helping to warm up the frozen earth. On the other hand, the circle has been considered a sacred figure in Russia, protecting people from evil. Pancakes also symbolize birth and death. At Maslenitsa pancakes are cooked in very large quantities to be used in almost every ritual, they are given to friends and family all through the week. Pancakes are served with caviar , mushrooms, jam, sour cream, and of course, lots of butter. owe [əʊ]-обязан embody [ɪmˈbɔdɪ]-воплощать grace [greɪs]-благодать frozen [frəʊzn]-замороженный circle [sɜːkl]-круг protecting [prəˈtektɪŋ]-защищать large quantity [lɑːʤ ˈkwɔntɪtɪ]-в больших количествах caviar [ˈkævɪɑː]-икра mushroom [ˈmʌʃrʊm]-грибы sour cream [ˈsaʊə kriːm]-сметана butter [ˈbʌtə]-масло
What interesting facts do you know? Fact number 1 Did you know that from the willow tea can be prepared "taiga lunch". From the roots of this plant to make flour for bread, and the young shoots may replace the cabbage, and if you cook the roots of the willow tea, you get a second dish. Fresh leaves of this plant will go on the salad, and the dried leaves make a great flavorful brew. willow tea-иван-чай roots [ruːts]-корни flour [ˈflaʊə]-мука young shoot [jʌŋ ʃuːt]-молодой побег cabbage [ˈkæbɪʤ]-капуста fresh leaf [freʃ liːf]-свежие листья dried leaves [draɪd liːvz]-высушенные листья flavorful-ароматный
Fact number 2 It will be interesting to learn that before the arrival of potatoes, Russians eat turnips. This vegetable is considered "second bread". A turnip was tasty and simple meals. for example steamed turnip, with the name of this dish made the idioms "piece of cake" and "Cheaper than dirt, cheaper nowhere." Do you know how delicious porridge made from steamed turnip , fresh turnip pudding from? turnip [ˈtɜːnɪp]-репа simple meal [sɪmpl miːl]-простое блюдо cakewalk-пареная репа idiom [ˈɪdɪəm]-идиома Cheaper than dirt, cheaper nowhere [ˈʧiːpər][dɜːt][ˈnəʊwɛə]-дешевле грязи,дешевле некуда delicious [dɪˈlɪʃəs]-вкусно porridge [ˈpɔrɪʤ]-каша
Fact number 3 You will be surprised by the fact that the Russian expression "a mixture of French with Nizhniy Novgorod" appeared during the war of 1812 and it is linked to the drink, which is sometimes pleasing yourself soldiers. This two-component drink was champagne mixed with kvass. surprised [səˈpraɪzd]-удивленный expression [ɪksˈpreʃn]-выражение appear [əˈpɪə]-появляться linked [lɪŋkt]-связано с two-component [tuː-kəmˈpəʊnənt]-двухкомпонентный
Fact number 4 Fact number 5 In our day few people will answer the question what is "Tura". And before people knew three types of Thury – poor, children and medical. The poor Toru was made from stale bread soaked in kvass. Child tyurey called white wheat bread, drenched in hot milk. Medical Turu prepared for sick people– it was the bread,drenched wine. Soups – a dish of which we do not know much. For example, in honor of one of the most favorite soups is named after the mountain range in Transbaikalia is Borovoy ridge, its length is about 450 kilometers and a height of 1498 feet. Previously, there were three types of soup – black, red and white, the name depended on the fish, which cooked the soup and also an interesting fact that until the late 19th century Russian cookbooks included recipes for soup with chicken broth. poor [pʊə]-бедный stale [steɪl]-черствый soaked [səʊkt]-смоченный wheat bread [wiːt bred]-пшеничный хлеб drenched [drenʧt]-залитый sick people [sɪk piːpl]-больные люди pour [pɔː] - наливать honor [ˈɔnə] - честь, почесть, соблюдать range [reɪnʤ] - диапазон length [leŋθ] - длина height [haɪt] - высота until [ənˈtɪl] - до тех пор broth [brɔθ] - бульон depend [dɪˈpend]-зависеть cookbook [ˈkʊkbʊk]-поваренная книга
Conclusion Russia has its own ideas about how and what to eat. Russian people like to eat home-cooked food, and rarely buy prepared meals at supermarkets. Usually Russians eat three times a day and prefer potatoes, which are eaten almost daily. rarely [ˈrɛəlɪ] - редко prepare [prɪˈpɛə] - приготовить prefer [prɪˈfɜː] - предпочитать prepared meals [prɪˈpɛəd miːl]-готовые блюда almost daily [ˈɔːlməʊst ˈdeɪlɪ]-почти ежедневно
Questions What Russian national dishes do you know? Why do people cook pancakes on Maslenitsa? What interesting facts about Russian dishes do you know? How Russians decorate their dishes? What Russian dishes do you eat?