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Kingdom's Flag: The Union Jack The flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is called the Union Jack. This red, white, and blue flag was first used in 1801. The Union Jack is a combination of the flags of England (the cross of St. George), Scotland (the cross of St. Andrew), and Ireland (the cross of St. Patrick).
THE UNITED KINGDOM Atlantic ocean North Sea Irish Sea
Geography Caledonia Ben Nevis – 4,400 feet=1,300m Forth and Clyde 5,140,000 The Scots, not the English
NATIONAL COSTUME TARTAN – coloured checks, a long piece of cloth thrown over the shoulders KILT – is the man’s skirt SPORRAN – is the leather pouch
SCOTLAND THE BEAUTIFUL He who hasn’t seen Scotland doesn’t really know Great Britain
BIG CITIES EDINBURGH (500,000) GLASGOW (700,000) ABERDEEN (300,000)
EDINBURGH – the capital
SCOTTISH LANGUAGE GAELIC Clan – a family Mac – the son of Bonnie – beautiful Aye – yes Laddie – a boy Tattoo – rearrangement of the soldiers Whisky – water of life
THE HISTORY OF SCOTLAND Celtic Scotland – 1200 BC – AD 200 The painted people – the Picts - 297 Scotland divided 800 Birth of a Nation - 800 - 1300
Wars of Independence - 1296
Bonnie Prince Charles North Britain – 1707 Flora MacDonald Betty Burke 30,000 pounds were offered for his head Immigrated to France
DISCOVER SCOTLAND Loch Ness – 35km, 213m Loch Lomond
DISCOVER SCOTLAND Stone circle Callanish
THE CHARACTER OF SCOTS TOUGH BRAVE DETERMINED INDEPENDENT LOYAL THRIFTY
SPORT The national sport is golf. Games: tossing the caber – бросание бревна shanty (шанти) – вид хоккея
MUSIC Most popular Scottish songs: Auld Lang Syne My Bonnie is over the ocean
FAMOUS SCOTS Heroes Allan Pinkerton (1819 - 1894) Emigrated to the USA and founded his own private detective agency. He was very successful and became world famous.
FAMOUS SCOTS Sientists Robert Stevenson (1772 – 1850) Designed and built a light-house
FAMOUS SCOTS Inventors Alexander Bell (1847-1922) Invented telephone Opened the first telephone service
FAMOUS SCOTS Inventors Robert Watson- Watt Was an expert on radio waves. He invented a system called radar”. During the II World War, radar helped defend Britain from enemy attack.
FAMOUS SCOTS Sientists John Nappier (1550-1617) invented logarithms as well as one of the world’s first calculating machine.
FAMOUS SCOTS Doctors Alexander Flemming (1881-1955) During the I World War he was shocked to see soldiers dying from wounds. He found drugs to fight infection.
FAMOUS SCOTS Missionaries David Livingstone (1813 – 1873)- a doctor. Africa Mary Slessor (1845 – 1915)- a missionary. Africa Eric Liddell (1902 – 1945)- a sportsman. China
FAMOUS SCOTS Poets George Byron Robert Burns (1788 – 1824) (1759 – 1796)
FAMOUS SCOTS Writers Walter Scott (1771-1832) Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)
FAMOUS SCOTS Modern Politician Tony Blair – the Prime Minister of the UK. Born in 1953 in Еdinburgh. Trained as a lawyer.
THANKS FOR BEING PATIENT
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