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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Презентации / Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Синтоизм" (11 класс)

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Название документа SHINTO.pptx

Cultural effects Shinto has been called "the religion of Japan", and the cust...
Shinto It is the indigenous religion of Japan based on the belief that royal...
Shinto shows that everything has a kami ("spiritual essence" which is sometim...
Types of Shinto Ko Shinto (古神道) is the oldest line of Shinto branches, a t...
Shrines The principal worship of kami is done at public shrines, although hom...
Anime Also, much Japanese pop culture, especially anime, draw from Shinto for...
Art It is clear that the Shinto ideal of harmony with nature underlies such t...
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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 Cultural effects Shinto has been called "the religion of Japan", and the cust
Описание слайда:

Cultural effects Shinto has been called "the religion of Japan", and the customs and values of Shinto are inseparable from those of Japanese culture. Many famously Japanese practices have origins either directly or indirectly rooted in Shinto. A number of other Japanese religions have originated from or been influenced by Shinto. Art Sumo Ethic Cultural customs Anime

№ слайда 2 Shinto It is the indigenous religion of Japan based on the belief that royal
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Shinto It is the indigenous religion of Japan based on the belief that royal family was descended from the sun-goddess Amaterasu Omikami. It later absorbed much Buddhist thought and practice. Shinto shrines are plain wooden temples in which priest and people perform simple rites. Worship of the Emperor and the Zen influence on martial arts resulted in a close connection between Shinto and Japanese militarism. A torii at Itsukushima Shrine

№ слайда 3 Shinto shows that everything has a kami ("spiritual essence" which is sometim
Описание слайда:

Shinto shows that everything has a kami ("spiritual essence" which is sometimes translated into "god", though perhaps soul or spirit would be more accurate; an even better translation would actually be "The Sacred" or "The Divine"). Every rock, every squirrel, every living and nonliving thing contains a kami. There is also a main kami for groups of things: for example, there is a kami within a rhinoceros, and there is also a main kami residing over all the rhinos of the world. Kami Shinto shrine in Fujiyoshida

№ слайда 4 Types of Shinto Ko Shinto (古神道) is the oldest line of Shinto branches, a t
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Types of Shinto Ko Shinto (古神道) is the oldest line of Shinto branches, a tradition that values the systematic methods of exercise and training. Shrine Shinto (神社神道) is the oldest and most prevalent of the Shinto types. It has always been a part of Japan's history and constitutes the main current of Shinto tradition. Sect Shinto (宗派神道) comprises 13 groups formed during the 19th century. They do not have shrines, but conduct religious activities in meeting halls. Shinto sects include the mountain-worship sects, who focus on worshipping mountains like Mount Fuji, faith-healing sects, purification sects, Confucian sects, and Revival Shinto sects. Konkōkyō, Tenrikyō, and Kurozumikyō, although operating separately from modern Shinto, are considered to be forms of Sect Shinto. Folk Shinto (民俗神道) includes the numerous but fragmented folk beliefs in deities and spirits. Practices include divination, spirit possession, and shamanic healing. Some of their practices come from Taoism, Buddhism, or Confucianism, but most come from ancient local traditions.

№ слайда 5 Shrines The principal worship of kami is done at public shrines, although hom
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Shrines The principal worship of kami is done at public shrines, although home worship at small private shrines (kamidana) (sometimes only a high shelf with a few ritual objects) is also common. Shrines are commonly fronted by a distinctive Japanese gate (torii) made of two uprights and two crossbars. These gates are there as a part of the barrier to separate our living world and the world the kami live in. There are often two guardian animals placed at each side of the gate and they serve to protect the entrance. There are well over 100,000 of these shrines in operation today. Gateway to Shinto shrine with torii gate

№ слайда 6 Anime Also, much Japanese pop culture, especially anime, draw from Shinto for
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Anime Also, much Japanese pop culture, especially anime, draw from Shinto for inspiration and stories (e.g. Spirited Away, Pokemon, Howl’s Moving Castle) Spirited Away film poster

№ слайда 7 Art It is clear that the Shinto ideal of harmony with nature underlies such t
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Art It is clear that the Shinto ideal of harmony with nature underlies such typically Japanese arts as flower-arranging (生け花ikebana), traditional Japanese architecture, and garden design. Ikebana arrangement

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Definition

It is the indigenous religion of Japan based on the belief that royal family was descended from the sun-goddess Amaterasu Omikami. It later absorbed much Buddhist thought and practice. Shinto shrines are plain wooden temples in which priest and people perform simple rites. Worship of the Emperor and the Zen influence on martial arts resulted in a close connection between Shinto and Japanese militarism.

Shinto can be seen as a form of animism and may be regarded as a variant of shamanist religion. Shinto beliefs and ways of thinking are deep in the subconscious fabric of modern Japanese society. The afterlife is not a primary concern in Shinto; much more emphasis is placed on fitting into this world, instead of preparing for the next.

The most immediately striking theme in the Shinto religion is a great love and reverence for nature. Thus, a waterfall, the moon, or just an oddly shaped rock might come to be regarded as a kami; so might charismatic persons or more abstract entities like growth and fertility

Kami

Shinto shows that everything has a kami ("spiritual essence" which is sometimes translated into "god", though perhaps soul or spirit would be more accurate; an even better translation would actually be "The Sacred" or "The Divine"). Every rock, every squirrel, every living and nonliving thing contains a kami. There is also a main kami for groups of things: for example, there is a kami within a rhinoceros, and there is also a main kami residing over all the rhinos of the world.

Types of Shinto

  • Ko Shinto (古神道) is the oldest line of Shinto branches, a tradition that values the systematic methods of exercise and training.

  • Shrine Shinto (神社神道) is the oldest and most prevalent of the Shinto types. It has always been a part of Japan's history and constitutes the main current of Shinto tradition.

  • Sect Shinto (宗派神道) comprises 13 groups formed during the 19th century. They do not have shrines, but conduct religious activities in meeting halls. Shinto sects include the mountain-worship sects, who focus on worshipping mountains like Mount Fuji, faith-healing sects, purification sects, Confucian sects, and Revival Shinto sects. Konkōkyō, Tenrikyō, and Kurozumikyō, although operating separately from modern Shinto, are considered to be forms of Sect Shinto.

  • Folk Shinto (民俗神道) includes the numerous but fragmented folk beliefs in deities and spirits. Practices include divination, spirit possession, and shamanic healing. Some of their practices come from Taoism, Buddhism, or Confucianism, but most come from ancient local traditions.

Shrines

The principal worship of kami is done at public shrines, although home worship at small private shrines (kamidana) (sometimes only a high shelf with a few ritual objects) is also common. Shrines are commonly fronted by a distinctive Japanese gate (torii) made of two uprights and two crossbars. These gates are there as a part of the barrier to separate our living world and the world the kami live in. There are often two guardian animals placed at each side of the gate and they serve to protect the entrance. There are well over 100,000 of these shrines in operation today.

Cultural effects

Shinto has been called "the religion of Japan", and the customs and values of Shinto are inseparable from those of Japanese culture. Many famously Japanese practices have origins either directly or indirectly rooted in Shinto. A number of other Japanese religions have originated from or been influenced by Shinto. For example, it is clear that the Shinto ideal of harmony with nature underlies such typically Japanese arts as flower-arranging (生け花ikebana), traditional Japanese architecture, and garden design. A more explicit link to Shinto is seen in sumo wrestling, where, even in the modern version of the sport, many Shinto-inspired ceremonies must be performed before a bout, such as purifying the wrestling arena by sprinkling it with salt. The Japanese emphasis on proper greetings and respectful phrasings can be seen as a continuation of the ancient Shinto belief in kotodama (words with a magical effect on the world). Many Japanese cultural customs, like using wooden chopsticks and removing shoes before entering a building, have their origin in Shinto beliefs and practices. Also, much Japanese pop culture, especially anime, draw from Shinto for inspiration and stories (e.g. Spirited Away, Pokemon, Howl’s moving castle).









Название документа трудная лексика.docx

Поделитесь материалом с коллегами:

  • Indigenous – местный

  • Rite – обряд

  • Martial – военный

  • Subconscious – подсознательный

  • Reverence – почитание

  • Essence – существо, сущность

  • Rhinocero – носорог

  • Purification – очищение

  • Deity – божество

  • Divination – предсказание


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Автор
Дата добавления 24.06.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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Номер материала 311326
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