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Mood is one of the ways of expressing modality and denotes the relation between the utterance made by the speaker and actuality. In the Subjunctive Mood the action/state is presented as a non-fact.
Forms of the Subjunctive Mood The action refers to the present/future Mood The Present Situation Present Subjunctive Iinsisthedoit Past Subjunctive He wishessheweresmarter Non-factual Past Indefinite Hewishesheknewthe truth It is stuffy as if they neverairedthe room Present Conditional Weshouldgofor a walk but itisraining Present Modal Phrase Itispossible hemaygoaway Itisnecessary heshoulddoit
The action is simultaneous with another action in the past, or follows it Mood The Past Situation Present Subjunctive Iinsistedhedoit Past Subjunctive Hewishedsheweresmarter Non-factual Past Indefinite Hewishedheknewthe truth Itwasstuffy as if they neverairedthe room Present Conditional Present Modal Phrase Itwaspossible hemightgoaway Itwasnecessary heshoulddoit
The action refers to the past. (It is prior to the moment of speech or another action in the present) Mood The present situation Non-Factual Past Perfect IwishIhadn’tlostthe key Hespeaksas if hehadlivedin England all his life. Past Conditional If Iwereyou, Iwouldn’thaveinformedherthatnews. Past Modal Phrase My sisterissurprisedheshouldn’thavesucceeded. Itispossible hemay have gone away.
The action is prior to another action in the past Mood The past action Non-factualPast Perfect IwishedIhadn’tlostthe key. HespokeEnglish as if hehadlivedin England all his life. Past Conditional If youhadwarnedme, Iwouldn’thaveinformedher that news. Weshouldhavegonefor a walk but itwasraining. PastModal Phrase My sisterwassurprised heshouldn’t have succeeded. Itwasimpossible hemighthave gone away.
Thank you for attention!
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