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The history of Russian cinema. The legendary actor and film director Eldar Ryazanov.
The history of cinematography «The film» in Greek is «recording the movement». The cinema was invented in the late 19th century and became popular in the 20th century. On the 22nd of March in 1895 in Paris, the brothers Lumière demonstrated the film device "cinematograph". Why are Lumiere considered to be the ancestors of cinematography. Louis Lumiere Auguste Lumiere The cinematograph
Russian cinema During 1896-1897, films were shown in public in all world capitals. In Russia, the first screening was held on the 4th of May in 1896 in St. Petersburg ,in the garden of "Aquarium". Then it was held in Moscow and all-Russia fair in Nizhny Novgorod. At the same time the first Russian Amateur photography was shooted. In January 3, 1897 the first trial session of "tableaux vivants" , the system of the Lumiere brothers was presented in Kiev. After a few months later, the famous theatrical entrepreneur Nikolai Solovtsov has acquired a Lumière a camera and started a Russian tour with him. The first film was made by photographer Fedetsky. Alfred Fedetsky Nikolai Solovtsov
Eldar Aleksandrovich Ryazanov
Ryazanov’s childhood Eldar Ryazanov was born in November 18, 1927 in Samara. He loved literature since childhood and wanted to be a writer and to travel. After graduation, he entered "VGIK". He became a student of the famous Director Grigory Mikhailovich Kozintsev’s Studio.
Ryazanov’s teachers In 1950 he graduated the "cinematography" with honors , his diploma work was the documentary "They study in Moscow". Among Ryazanov’s teachers there was a great Director Sergei Eisenstein, he saw the talent of the young Ryazanov. In 1955 Ryazanov became the Director of a film Studio "Mosfilm ", under a leadership of Ivan Pyrev. He made Ryazanov to take up Comedy.
Ryazanov’s film The first film by Eldar Ryazanov became musical Comedy “The carnival night". It was a huge success. After the art debut “The carnival night" the whole country knew the name of a new filmmaker. A Famous actor Igor Ilyinsky played in the film one of his best roles of bureaucrat Ogurtsov, and the main role was played by the young actress Ludmila Gurchenko. The song "Five minutes" from the movie sang the whole country.
Ryazanov’s tragicomedy The desire to see life in a funny light is a property of nature which Ryazanov fortunately has. In 1966 Ryazanov wrote the script for his film. The film "Beware of the car" appeared. It is the story of a Soviet Robin hood. And in 1976 the movie "Irony of destiny or With light steam“ appeared. The film is very good ,and the use of poems and songs created an atmosphere of lyrical meditations about life.
Ryazanov’s role Usually, the Director Eldar Ryazanov invented a role-joke for the actor by Eldar Ryazanov. He played a role of an educated Professor from the movie "Garage", the railwayman from the film "Station for two" and a charming passenger from the film "Irony of destony or With light steam ".
Ryazanov’s catch phrase The catch phrases from Eldar Ryazanov’s movies has enriched our everyday vocabulary. From the film "Beware of the car“ it is a phrase “Men should Marry an orphan”. From the movie "Irony of destiny or With easy steam" it is a phrase “What a muck is your jellied fish”. From the movie “Office romance " it is a phrase “Just shoes makes woman a woman”.
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