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Tamgaly-Tas is located near the river Ili in 120 km. to the North from Almaty on the way to Bakanas. Tamgaly-Tas is translated from Kazakh “stones with signs” or “images (petroglyphs) on the stones”, and in public they are more known as “written rocks”. On the right shore of the river Ili there about 1000 of different rock paintings that date from the late Middle Ages. They are petroglyphs , images of idols, Buddhist notes, among which the most interesting paintings are three Buddhist idols. Under the drawings the sacred text in Sanskrit, dating from the XII century is carved: “Om mane padmehum” (“snow jewel in the lotus” or “Blessed be the born from a lotus”). The inscriptions on the rocks are on the Tibetan and Kalmyk languages. There is a legend that in X century, when one of the Buddhist missions stopped on the river bank Ili during the march to Semirechye, there was an earthquake and a large rock piece fell on the earth. This incident was considered as a sign of necessary return to India. They cut three images of Buddha on the rock piece. One can see other pictures of Buddha on the adjoining rocks. According to another legend the inscriptions were written by the Kalmyks in “todorkhoy nomyn bichig” (“clear literary script”), that was created by Zaya Pandita Ogtorguyna in 1648 and was used more than three centuries by the Mongols, who carved the images of Buddha. Tamgaly-Tas
In the Northern Kazakhstan, between Astana and Kokchetav there is a wonderful region, real oasis – Borovoe. Geographically this place is named Kokchetav elevation, but the local guides call it “Kazakh Switzerland”. Forested hills occupy an area of about 30 kilometers. There is the endless Kazakh steppe around. Borovoe sounds almost equally both in Russian and Kazakh. Borovoe became a popular place, people began to come here from afar to get some treatment and drink bracing kumys. A man very frequently and thoroughly change nature and the danger to lose the natural landscapes, kinds of animals and plants appeared. The issue of saving the splendid nature of Borovoe and foundation of the resort began to be discussed by the scientists in 1910. The state reservoir Borovoe was established by the Resolution of National Central Executive Committee and Soviet of National Commissioners of USSR signed by Kalinin M.I in 1925. On the 15th of August 2000 Borovoe forest management was declared the State nature national park “Burabay”, the area of which was 120 ha. Many of plants and animals are included to the Red Book. The pride of the resort is rivers and lakes. There are few rivers; they are small rivers: Kalshykty, Syrybulak and others. They are all shallow. There are more than 30 lakes. The lake Borovoe is divided into two groups. At the foothills and in the forests, on the granite channel there are deep and large lakes with fresh water, they are Borovoe, Big Chebache, Small Chebache, Shchuchye, Kotyrkolskoe. Some shallow lakes in the mountains and forests refer to the same group. They are Gornoe, Lebyazh'ye and Svetloye. Some of these lakes are running, their bottom is rich in plants and waters in fish. And there is another appearance of the lakes in the steppe. The special microclimate of this land, its treatment air, which if full of resinous smell, peloids allow to consider Borovoe as one of the leading resorts in the world. It is no accident that in 1938 this land got the second name “Kazakh Switzerland”. Borovoe
Aisha Bibi mausoleum of the XII century, situated in the village Aisha Bibi of Jambyl region in 18 kilometers from Taraz town is the architectural monument of the Republic significance. The foundation of the mausoleum is cubic. The massive columns are set in four corners. Small niches, small columns, arches, lancet arches, terracotta facing tile were used in decoration. In the patterns of the mausoleum the traditional kinds of ornamental art of ancient Kazakh tribes harmonize. They include the geometrical zoomorphic and solaris motives that go back to the art of Andron and Saks tribes. For ten centuries the mausoleum of Karakhan and Aisha Bibi has been the highest building in Taraz. The mausoleum itself looks very light and elegant. More than eight centuries it has been standing in spite of winds and bad weather, as a witness to the great love. Today women come to the mausoleum and ask for marital happiness and motherhood. All brides, who visited this place, tell that they felt the uncommon influence of that aura, which is reflected from the carved walls of the mausoleum. As the legend tells, in ancient times sounds and voices in this building re-echoed at a distance of 50 – 100 meters. Aisha Bibi mausoleum
Complex of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi in Turkestancity is a prominent monument of medieval architecture. The mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, situated in Turkestan in the South of Kazakhstanis a wonderful complex of palaces and temples, a masterpiece of architecture, built in the period from 1385 to 1405. It is included to list of World Heritage of UNESCO. Today’s mausoleum was built on the burial place of the Sufi poet Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, who had a great authority among the Muslims of the region and made a significant influence on Islam in Central Asia. He died in 1166 (1167) and was honourably buried in small mausoleum. Complex of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi
The mausoleum Mazar Kozy-Korpesh and Bayan Sulu (X-XI centuries) is situated in Ayagoz district of Vostochnyy Kazakhstan in 7 km. to the Southwest from Tarlauly village, on the right bank of the Ayaguz river, in 11 km. to the West from the station Tansyk.Mazar is a tomb of a saint man among the Muslims. Mazar Kozy-Korpesh and Bayan Sulu
Arystan Baba mausoleum is the architectural monument of the XII-ХІV centuries, near the ruins of ancient Otyrar of Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast, in 150 km. from the cityShymkent. The mausoleum was built over the tomb of the famous religious mysticArystan Baba, who lived in the ХІІ century. The legends call Arystan Baba the teacher and spiritual adviser of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi. As the legend tells, Arystan Baba was the associate of prophet Mukhammad. Once prophet Mukhammad and his associates were sitting and eating a persimmon. One persimmon always fell out of the dish, and the prophet heard the revelation: “This persimmon is for a Muslim Akhmed, who will be born 400 years later than you”. The prophet asked his associates who would give this persimmon to the future owner. Nobody answered. The prophet repeated his question, and then Arystan Baba replied: “If you ask 400 years of life for me from Allah, I will hand the persimmon”. According to the people’s stories and written sources,Arystan Baba 400 years later became the spiritual adviser of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi and indeed handed the stone of the persimmon to him. Arystan Baba mausoleum
"Baikonur" Cosmodrome The Baikonur Cosmodrome is the first largest cosmodrome in the world, located on the territory of Kazakhstan, not far from Tyuratam village. The area is 6717 square kilometers. The Baikonur Cosmodrome has a great international significance. The launches of different kinds of carrier rockets are implemented from the space centre. Baikonur began to build in February 12, 1955 (The Order of the Government of the USSR on the construction of the landfill for testing intercontinental ballistic missiles adopted in February 12, 1955), it became the cosmodrome in 1957. In the 1970s and 80s it was a major Soviet Cosmodrome. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s the cosmodrome went to Kazakhstan. The Baikonur Cosmodrome will be leased by Russia until 2050.
Park of 28 Panfilov Heroes. Сentral Mosque Monument of the legendary group “The Beatles” Ice rink “Medeo”
Canyon Charyn (kaz.Sharyn) is situated along the river Charyn in Kazakhstan (200 km from Almata), stretches out at 154 km. Also known as “The Valley of castles”, ”Stone bag”. Charyn canyon is amazing natural monument. It’s formed about 30 million years ago in epoch of Paleogene, it’s not only natural complex in Kazakhstan but in the whole world. Height of the mountain reaches 150-300m, length of canyon is about 2 km. In the bosom of the river preserved relic tree – ash Sogdian. This wonderful canyon has similarity with big Canyon Colorado (Grand Canyon), which is situated in North America. Since 1964 Ash grove has been declared as natural monument. Also the tourists will be surprised a variety flora and fauna. Here you can see 62 species of mammals,103 species of birds, 25 species of reptiles and also more than 1500 species of plants, 17 of them are listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan. Every weekends canyon is visited by tourists, even the heat is not obstacle for tourists to admire really beautiful landscape. Canyon Charyn
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Меня зовут Кайыргалиева Айнур Куановна. Я учитель английского языка. Люблю свою профессию и детей. Мне особенно нравится работать с детьми начальных классов. Мои ученики призеры и участники разных конкурсов и олимпиад по английскому языку. Я сама в этом году заняла первое место в конкурсе панорамных уроков учителей английского языка.