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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Flag of the Great Britain
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
The Head of the UK is Queen Elizabeth II since 6 February 1952. Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the British Monarch.
England Capital is London Official language is English Motto: Dieu et mon droit (French) "God and my right Anthem: God Save the Queen
Scotland Capital is Edinburgh Official languages are English, Scottish Motto: "In My Defens God Me Defend" Anthem: National anthem of Scotland Scotland the Brave (unofficial) Flower of Scotland (unofficial)
Wales Capital is Cardiff Official language is English
Northern Ireland Capital is Belfast Official languages are English Irish, Ulster Scotts Motto: "Quis separabit" (Who will separate us)
Чертополох – thistle, бледно-желтый нарцисс-daffodil, shamrock-трилистник, клевер.
The United Kingdom The United Kingdom has an area of 244.000 square kilometers (94.249 square miles). The capital of the country is London.
Population The population of the UK is nearly 60 million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and their suburbs.
Population For out of every five people live in England. Over 3 million is in Wales. A little over 5 million is in Scotland. About 1.5 million is in Northern Ireland.
Population London’s population is over 7 million people. The British nation consists of the English, the Scots, the Welsh and the Irish. There are many people of all colours and races in the United Kingdom.
Climate The climate of Great Britain is mild. It is not too hot in summer or too cold in winter. It often rains in England. Rain falls in summer and in winter, in autumn and in spring. Snow falls only in the north and west of the country.
Relief England and Ireland are flat, yet Scotland and Wales are mountainous.
Rivers There are many rivers in Great Britain. The main river is the Thames. Many ships and barges go up and down the river. The longest river is the Severn. It is 350 kilometers long.
British Parliament The UK is a parliamentary monarchy. The British Parliament consists of two Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The Prime Minister is the head of the government.
The Prime Minister is based at 10 Downing Street in Westminster, London. The current Prime Minister is David Cameron, leader of the Conservative Party. The Government is made up of Members of Parliament, who are elected every five years.