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traditional food in GREAT BRITAIN and in the united states of america
Цель: изучение традиций и обычаев стран изучаемого языка, активизация, систематизация, закрепление лексического материала, расширение кругозора,рассмотреть сходство и различие культур. Для понимания представителя другой страны необходимо знать не только иностранный язык, но и культуру страны изучаемого языка.
plan 1. The main meals: Breakfast Elevenses Lunch Afternoon tea Dinner 2. Traditional food on some holidays: Christmas Easter Halloween Thanksgiving day St Valentine's Day
(UK) The main meals are: Breakfast - between 7 a.m. and 9 a.m. Elevenses - at about 11 a.m. Lunch - between 12:00 and 1:30 p.m. Afternoon tea – between 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. Dinner (supper) - between 6 p.m. and 8 p.m. Americans have three meals a day: breakfast, lunch and dinner
Breakfast This typically comprises of the following things: toasted bread, spread with butter, jam, marmalade or honey; followed by a 'fry-up' or cooked breakfast of fried bread, sausages, bacon, mushrooms, eggs and tomatoes. Served with hot tea, with milk added. In the morning Americans have cereal or scrambled eggs, milk or orange juice.
Elevenses In some households and workplaces this is followed by something called 'elevenses'. This consists of a cup of tea or coffee and some biscuits. Actually 'elevenses' can be taken at anytime of the day, and with most people this is usually fairly often.
Lunch Many people eat lunch while at work or school. Some factories and schools have canteens where you can eat. Chicken or fish, fried potatoes, vegetable salads, and desert: this is the most common menu for lunch. But the packed lunch is the most common thing to eat. A packed lunch normally consists of some sandwiches, a packet of crisps, an apple and a can of something to drink, for example, coca-cola.
Afternoon tea Traditionally, loose tea would be served in a teapot with milk and sugar. This would be accompanied by various sandwiches, scones and usually cakes and pastries. The food would be often served in a tiered stand. Americans drink a lot of juices and soda, iced tea.
If someone asks you if you 'would like a cuppa', they are asking if you would like a cup of tea. If someone says 'let me be mother' or 'shall I be mother', they are offering to pour out the tea from the teapot. Did you know?
Dinner Dinner –is the biggest and the main meal of the day. It begins with soup. The most typical thing to eat for dinner is "meat and two vegs". This consists of a piece of meat accompanied by two different boiled vegetables. One of the vegetables is almost always potatoes.
Christmas The traditional Christmas meal is roast turkey, Christmas pudding and Christmas pies. Christmas pudding is a special rich pudding, made with lots of dried fruit (raisins, currants) eggs, suit and very little flour. Turkey Christmas pudding Christmas pie
Easter Easter is the most important holiday in the Christian calendar. At Easter people eat colored and chocolate eggs, especially children like them. What’s more, mothers prepare traditional Hot Cross Buns. And famous apple pies! They are prepared with apples, sugar and eaten with custard.
Halloween Celebrations include wearing masks and costumes, going from door to door in the neighborhood, gathering money and sweets, “trick or treat”. This day children make lanterns out of pumpkins, which are called jack-o’-lanterns. And what do you think they traditionally eat? Boxty! It’s a kind of bread made of grated raw potatoes and flour.
Thanksgiving day A large roasted turkey with stuffing is the most common main dish of a Thanksgiving dinner, that’s why Thanksgiving is sometimes called “Turkey Day”. Turkey usually served with sweet potatoes or mashed potatoes, vegetables, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin or apple pie. Apple cider is a traditional drink.
St Valentine's Day The traditional meal is a lot of different Sweethearts Cookies and Cakes. What’s more, people prepare traditional sweet plum buns called Valentine Buns. Sandwiches and cakes are often cut in the shape of hearts Cakes Sweethearts Cookies
Answer some questions: 1. What food is the most popular in Great Britain and in the United States? 2. How many times a day do British people eat? 3. What are the mealtimes called? 4. What do British people and Americans eat for breakfast? 5. What is the most common lunch in Britain? 6. What is the most popular drink ? 7. Is tea the symbol of Great Britain? 8. What is the traditional Christmas food? 9. What is the difference between the English and American food?
ЛИТЕРАТУРА Безкоровайная Г.Т., Соколова Н.И., Койранская Е.А., Лаврик Г.В. Planet of English: учебник английского языка для учреждений СПО. – М.: Издательский центр «Академия», 2015 .- 254 с. : Интернет ресурсы: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food http://slovo.ws›91.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breakfast http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunc
Thank you for attention