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Biography of Walter Scott Walter Scott (15.08.1771 - 21.09.1832) was a famous British writer, poet, historian and the founder of historical novel. During his life he combined writing with being a legal administrator and a member of Tory fraction. He was born in Scotland, on August 15th, 1771. His family was rather rich and noble. His father was a successful lawyer and his mother was the daughter of a professor of medicine at the University of Edinburgh. He was the ninth child in the family. When he was little, he had polio, which left him lame. This condition had a significant effect on his further life and writing.
As a child, he spent lots of time at his grandfather’s farm at Sandyknowe, which was close to Scottish Borders. Despite his poor health, he was an active boy with lively mind and phenomenal memory. Starting from 1779 he studied at the Royal High School. Prior to that, he received private education. At the age of 14, he entered the Edinburgh College, where he became popular among the peers for his excellent storytelling. As a student, he got interested in mountaineering. This activity helped him to become physically fit and healthier. At his free time he liked reading books, including the works of ancient authors.
He was fond of novels, poetry, ballads and legends of Scotland. For that reason, together with his peers he organized a poetic society. In 1792, he passed the most important exam in his life and became a lawyer. Since then he practiced law and became a respectable man in Edinburgh. It was then that he visited the Scottish Highlands for the first time and was highly impressed. He started his literature career in 1796. Soon, he published a three-volume set of collected ballads. His narrative poem “The Lay of the Last Minstrel” (1805) became was very popular not only in Scotland, but in England. Writing his first novel “Waverley” (1814), he preferred to hide his real name and did so for the subsequent 10 years.
In 1820, the writer was awarded the title of a baronet. During the 1820s and 1830s he wrote many other outstanding novels, including “Ivanhoe”, “Quentin Durward”, “Count Robert of Paris”. At the same time he was leading a series of historical studies. In 1829-1830, he published the two volumes of “History of Scotland”. The art of writing has brought Walter Scott financial independence and fame. However, at some point of his life he was trapped in debts and had to work day and night to pay them. He worked at the limit of his intellectual and physical abilities. In 1830, he suffered a stroke, which left his right hand paralyzed. It was followed by another two strokes and the writer died of a heart attack in September, 1832.
Айвенго. Глава IX. … Другими девами окружена, Стояла как владычица она - Царицей быть могла она одна. Там не было красавиц, равных ей, Её убор был всех одежд милей. Её венец и праздничный наряд Красив без пышности, без роскоши богат; И вербы ветвь в руке её бела - Она её в знак власти подняла. «Цветок и лист» Уильям де Вивиль и Стивен де Мартиваль, маршалы турнира, первые поздравили победителя. Они попросили его снять шлем или поднять забрало, прежде чем он предстанет перед принцем Джоном, чтобы получить из его рук приз. Однако рыцарь Лишённый Наследства с изысканной вежливостью отклонил их просьбу, говоря, что на этот раз не может предстать с открытым лицом по причинам, которые объяснил герольдам перед выступлением на арену. Маршалы вполне удовлетворились этим ответом, тем более что в те времена рыцари часто произносили самые странные обеты и нередко давали клятву хранить полное инкогнито на определённый срок или пока не случится то или другое намеченное ими происшествие. Поэтому они не стали доискиваться причин, по которым победитель желает оставаться неизвестным, а просто доложили о том принцу Джону и попросили разрешения у его светлости представить ему рыцаря, чтобы принц лично вручил ему награду за доблесть.
Ivanhoe. Head IX. ... Other maidens surrounded, As she was the mistress - She could be queen one. There was no beauties, equal to it, Her dress was all clothes mile. Her crown and festive attire Beautiful without pomp, no luxury of the rich; And willow branch in hand it is white - It is a sign of its power to raise. ‘’The flower and leaf ‘’ William de Viville and Steven de Martival, the marshals of the tournament, the first to congratulate the winner. They asked him to remove his helmet or visor raised before it will appear before Prince John to get out of his hands prize. However, Knight Deprived Legacy with exquisite politeness rejected their request, saying that this time may not appear with an open face for reasons that are explained heralds before the performance on stage. Marshals are quite satisfied with this answer, the more so because in those days the knights often uttered the strangest vows and often took an oath to keep a complete incognito for a certain period of time or until there is one or the other of the scheduled event. Therefore, they did not try to find out the reasons why the winner wishes to remain anonymous, but simply reported that Prince John and asked permission from his lordship to submit to him a knight, the prince personally gave him an award for valor.
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Данная презентация представляется ученикам, с целью знакомства с творчеством и жизнью Вальтера Скота. Также данная работа может служить текстом для чтения и выбора основной информации. Презентация содержит отрывок из произведения писателя, с переводом (неадаптированный)-наглядный пример красоты и сложности английского языка.