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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
England represents a red cross on a white field. It’s Saint George’s Cross of England. England is the heart of Great Britain. s land is 130,000 sq. km. The population of England is 48 mil. people. The largest cities are Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham, Nottingham, Sheffield and others. People who live in England are called the English. They speak only English. The famous river Thames is situated in London. The national emblem of England is red rose. The national flag of England represents a red cross on a white field. It’s Saint George’s Cross of England. England is the heart of Great Britain.
The capital of England is LONDON
Scotland is smaller than England but larger than Wales. The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. Scotland is the second part of the UK. Its land is 78,800 sq. km. The population of Scotland is 5,3 mil. people. The largest cities are Glasgow, Aberdeen, Dundee. People who live in Scotland are called the Scottish or Scots. They speak Scottish and English. The biggest rivers are Clyde and Spay. There are a lot of beautiful lakes in Scotland. But the most famous of them are Loch Lomond and Loch Ness. The lake “Loch Ness” is famous all over the world because of its monster. The greatest mountains are Ben Nevis and Grampian Hills. The national emblem of Scotland is a thistle. The national flag is a blue field with white diagonal crossed stripes on it. It’s Saint Andrew’s Cross.
The capital of Scotland is EDINBURGH
Wales is the smallest country in the UK. The capital of Wales is Cardiff. Its land is 20,800 sq. km. Its population is about 2,8 mil. people. The largest cities are Swansea, New Port. The biggest river is Usk and the biggest lake is Wirnwel. One of the biggest mountain is Snowdon. The national symbol is a yellow daffodil. The national flag is white and green with a red dragon on it.
The capital of Wales is CARDIFF
Northern Ireland is the fourth country in the UK. Its land is about 14,000 sq. km. The population is about 1,5 mil. people. The capital of the Northern Ireland is Belfast. The largest cities are Ulster and Dublin. The biggest rivers are Shannon, Bun. Northern Ireland is a land of lakes and rivers. The biggest lake is Lough Neagh. People who live in Ireland are the Irish. They speak Irish and English. The national flag of Ireland represents a diagonal red cross on a white field. It’s Saint Patrick’s Cross. The national symbol is a green shamrock.
The capital of Northern Ireland is BELFAST
In Britain the Queen is the Head of State. In fact, the Queen does not rule. She is the symbol of the country. She travels about the UK.
Parliamentary monarchy Parliament the house the house of lords of commons
The real power in the country belongs to the British Parliament. It has two houses: the house of lords and the house of commons.
House of Lords
House of Commons
British flag is called “Union Jack”. Really there are three flags in it. English Scottish Irish
In the official coat of arms the field shows the various royal emblems of different parts of Britain: the three lions of England in the first and fourth quarters, the lion of Scotland in the second and the harp of Ireland in the third. It is surrounded by a garter bearing the motto Honi soit qui mal y pense. The shield is supported by the English lion and the Scottish unicorn and is surmounted by the Royal crown. Below it appears the motto of the Sovereign, Dieu et mon drot (God and my right. The plant badges of the United Kingdom- rose, thistle and shamrock – are dsiplayed beneath the shield.
The national anthem of the country is “God save the Queen”. It was written by Henry Cary and was sung in 1740 for the first time.
Check yourself! Great Britain The British England London The Scots Scottish English Wales Welsh English Belfast Irish English Country Capital People Language London English The English English Scotland Edinburgh Cardiff The Welsh Northern Ireland The Irish
Crossword 1. What is a person when he doesn’t want to get into trouble. 2. It is a person who knows much about the law. 3. What is person when he is unhappy because he is alone. 4. Not careful. 5. It is a group of people living together under one government. 6. Someone who is very good and holy. 7. It is mark (знак). 8. This word means belonging to a king or a queen. 9. It is a country ruled by a king or a queen. careful lawyer lonely careless state saint sign royal kingdom