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Yuri Gagarin (1934–1968) Yuri Gagarin was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He became the first person in the history to travel into outer space.
Yuri Gagarin was born in 1934. His parents had four children in total. In September 1941 he went to school, but soon the village where he lived was occupied by the German army. Only in 1943 Yuri continued his studies at school. In 1951 Gagarin entered the Saratov Industrial Technical School and later joined local flying club. He completed his studies at the Technical School with distinction, achieved much success and performed his first flight on a Yak-18 trainer aircraft. Childhood and youth
In 1955 Yuri Gagarin joined the Soviet Army. Later he was given the qualification of a military pilot. In 1959 Gagarin was selected for the Soviet space program. He underwent special training which tested his physical and psychological endurance. Gagarin was chosen out of 20 candidates upon the Commission's decision. Childhood and youth
On 12 April 1961 Gagarin boarded spaceship “Vostok 1”. The main purpose of the flight was to check whether it is possible for a human being to stay in outer space on a specially equipped spacecraft. During the flight Gagarin recorded everything, he ate and drank. He orbited the Earth once and finished his flight. It lasted 108 minutes. Because of the failure of the braking system Gagarin landed 110 km away from the destination. Journey into space
Later life and career After his flight Gagarin often went to foreign countries. Those trips took nearly all his time. In 1966 Gagarin resumed his training for the next flight into space. But that time he was chosen to be a backup pilot.
In March 1968 Gagarin died in a crash during a routine training flight. During his life Gagarin was given several ranks and awarded several medals and orders. Many streets, institutions, crafts and aircrafts are named after Yuri Gagarin. The town of Gzhatsk was renamed Gagarin in honour of the first person to travel into space. Later life and career
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