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Fact File Name origin: Canada comes from an Indian word Kanata, meaning “a village” or “a settlement.” Total area: 9,984,670 km Population: 33,574,000 Official languages: English and French Ethnic groups: 80% Europeans (English, French, Scottish, Irish, German, Russia, others. Motto: ‘From Sea to Sea’ National anthem: ‘O, Canada’ Royal anthem: ‘God Save the Queen’ Capital: Ottawa Largest city: Toronto
Government: federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy Canada’s 10 Provinces: Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia. Canada\s 3 territories: Nunavut, Yukon, Territory and Northwest Territories. Head of state: Queen Elizabeth II (symbolic) Longest river: The Mackenzie River (4,241km) Highest mountain: Mount Logan (5,959metres high) Currency: Canadian Dollar National holiday: Canada Day (the first of July) National symbols: the maple leaf and the beaver.
Canada is the second largest country ( Russia is the largest). Stephen Leacock, a famous Canadian humorist once wrote that life in Canada consisted of preparing for winter, enduring winter and recovering from winter. Canada is surrounded by three oceans – the Pacific, the Atlantic and the Arctic. It has the longest coastline in the world: 243,000 km. No wonder the country’s motto is ‘from sea to sea’. Canada is one of the wealthiest countries in the world.
Minerals such as coal, copper, nickel, and iron ore are found in the mines. Forests cover almost half of Canada’s territory. Nearly one-fourth of all the fresh water in the world is in Canada. There are 42 national parks in Canada. The oldest National Park is Banff in Alberta. It was created in 1885 in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Niagara Falls is one of the world’s wonders. These beautiful waterfalls can be found on the border between Canada and the United States. This place is often called ‘the honeymoon capital of the world.’
Canada’s official languages are English and French. But many other languages are spoken there, including Inuktitut (the language of the Inuit, or Eskimos) and other Canadian Indian languages. Canadian Indians are also known as First Nations people. Ottawa, the capital of Canada, is one of the country’s most attractive cities. It has many parks, museums, art galleries and universities. Some of Ottawa’s historic buildings go back to the early 1800s. About 77% of Canadians live in cities and towns. Toronto is the country’s business centre and home to the largest companies and banks.
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