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The Klondike Gold Rush
Vocabulary Rush [rʌʃ] стремление, погоня Estimate [ˈestɪmɪt] оценка Prospector [prəsˈpektə] старатель; золотоискатель Huge [hju:dʒ] огромный, Discover [dɪsˈkʌvə] делать открытия Crawl [krɔ:l] ползать; ползти; Miner [ˈmaɪnə] шахтер; рудокоп Treasure [ˈtreʒə] сокровище Stampede [stæmˈpi:d] стихийное массовое движение Seek [si:k] искать Camp [kæmp] стоянка; место привала, Claim [kleɪm] незаконно захватить участок,
The Klondike Gold Rush, also called the Yukon Gold Rush, the Alaska Gold Rush and the Last Great Gold Rush, was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899.
Bonanza Creek in the Yukon Territory of Canada was ground zero for the Klondike Gold Rush. Huge deposits of gold were discovered August 16, 1896 and credited to George Carmack, his wife Kate and brother Skookum Jim. The news traveled fast. Soon the entire territory was crawling with miners in search of the next hidden treasure.
Skookum Jim, one of the discoverers, 1898
Yukon at the time of discovery.
The first Gold was discovered in Crossing Yukon river and Klondike river on August 16, 1896.
Crossing Yukon river and Klondike river
«Excelsior» leaves San Francisco on July 28, 1897, for the Klondike.
Miners of all shapes and sizes, called "stampeders", were on their way to the gold fields. Within six months, about 100,000 gold-seekers set off for the Yukon. Only 30,000 completed the trip.
Miners and prospectors climb the Chilkoot Trail during the Klondike Gold Rush.
Klondikers and their supplies at the US-Canadian border, 1898
Miner's camp at the head of the Yukon River during the Klondike Gold Rush, May 1898
Of the 30,000 that arrived in the Klondike, only about 4,000 actually found gold. Some set up and sold claims rather than digging for gold themselves. Along the Klondike river, boom towns formed that were supported by the miners.
Mining in a shaft, 1898
Mining operation, 1899
From a population of Dawson City of 500 in 1896, the hastily constructed town came to house around 30,000 people by summer 1898.
View of Yukon River with Klondike City (foreground) and Dawson City (upper right at the mouth of Klondike River), 1899
Those that found gold spent their time and money in saloons, while those that found nothing continued to labor.
Dawson City (nowadays)
Modern Skagway with cruise ships, 2009
True or false The Klondike Gold-rush is also called the Last Great Gold Rush. The Klondike Gold-rush was between 1896 and 1899. The first gold was discovered on July 16, 1885. Those that found gold do not spend their money in saloons. One of the first discoverers was Skookum Jim.
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