Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Present Perfect Tense (настоящее завершенное время) Обозначает действие, которое произошло в прошлом, но связано с настоящим. Важно то, что это действие связано с настоящей ситуацией, которая является как бы продолжением этого действия, его результатом.
Present Perfect Tense (настоящее завершенное время) Обозначает действие, которое произошло в прошлом, но связано с настоящим. have/has +V₃ (V₁+ ed) ; has-he,she,it have/has not +V₃ (V₁+ ed) ‗‗‗‗‗‗‗‗‗ ______ ‗‗‗‗‗ _ _ _ _ ? + _ ? have/has V₃ подл.
Слова – спутники today сегодня this week (month, year) на этой неделе already уже just только что recently, lately недавно ever(?) когда-нибудь never(-) никогда yet (?/-) еще не… since с (тех пор как)
Слова Just- только, только что. We have just come. ставим Ever- когда-либо. перед Have you ever been to Greece? основным глаголом Never- никогда. I have never seen a yellow cat. Already – уже I have already done my homework. Yet- ещё не, уже Употребляется только в конце (?) или (-) предложения. Has he come yet? She hasn’t cleaned the flat yet. V₃
Утвердительная форма have/has +V₃ (V₁+ ed) I have done have been you have done have been he hasdone hasbeen she hasdone hasbeen it hasdone hasbeen we have done have been you have done have been they have done have been
I, we, you, they have written … . He, she, it has finished … . I have written a letter to my friend. She has finished her work.
Отрицательная форма have/has not +V₃ I havenotdone haven’t been you havenotdone haven’t been he hasnotdone hasn’tbeen she hasnotdone hasn’tbeen it hasnotdone hasn’tbeen we havenotdone haven’t been you havenotdone haven’t been they havenotdone haven’t been
I, we,you,they have not written … . He, she, it has not finished … . I have not written a letter to my friend. She has not finished her work.
Вопросительная форма ‗‗‗‗‗‗‗‗ подл. ‗‗‗‗ He has written an interesting book. Has he written an interesting book? What has he written? What book has he written? Who has written an interesting book? He has written an interesting book, hasn’t he? ? have/has V₃
Have I, we, you, they written … ? Has he, she, it finished … ? Have you written a letter to your friend? – Yes, I have. Has she finished her work? – No, she hasn’t.
Ex.1 Find the sentences in Present Perfect: We went to school at 7.30 They have seen the Tower of London. I can play football. She has read all the books. He did his homework yesterday. My mother has cooked dinner. They have a cat. She has written a letter. I have been to Moscow. We were in Moscow last year.
Ex. 2 Disagree with me. Don't be afraid of not being polite. I have watered the flowers in my study. I have cleaned the carpet in my study. I have locked the door. I have washed the floor. I have opened the window. I have visited your parents. I have counted all the people in the study.
Ex.3 Составьте повествовательные предложения . he / drive / a car = He has driven a car. (He's driven a car.) we / our clothes / change He / cash / pay we / in London / live John / stamps / collect he / to school / go we / fish / eat you / a song / sing you / high / jump we / in the mountains / walk she / in a play / act
Ex. 4 Составьте отрицательные предложения: he / drive / a car = He has not driven a car.(He hasn't driven a car./He's not driven a car.) he / her hand / touch Jenny / the door / lock she / her bike / push we / in London / live she / a bag / carry we / fish / eat she / me / ask you / a song / sing you / high / jump they / in the lake / swim
Ex.5 Составьте вопросительные предложения. he / drive / a car = Has he driven a car? we / a mountain / climb he / around / turn Amelie / the door / close you / to the radio / listen we / the door / open they / us / call the teacher / the tenses / explain she / her teeth / brush
Ex. 6 Ask general questions: Mother has cooked dinner. The girl has danced a lot. The children have started to sing. They have had much fun at the cinema. They have joined us.
Ex.7 Make the sentences negative and interrogative: They have just had breakfast. He has taken his dog for a walk lately. I have already made tea. You have visited your friends today. Liss has answered our questions.
Ex.8 Make up sentences from the words: 1. Never, I, to her, have, spoken. 2. Chess, not, has, he, played. 3. This week, her, we, seen, have. 4. The boys, the letters, have, already, written. 5. Talked, Jane, on the phone, has? 6. Hasn’t, yet, she, paid, the bill.
Ex. 9 Make up sentences: read/a newspaper/yesterday I haven’t read a newspaper since yesterday. 2. have/a break/this morning 3. travel/abroad/last summer 4. watch/TV/last night 5. buy/a present/December 6. write/a letter/Christmas 7. eat/dinner at a restaurant/last month
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