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Презентация по английскому языку "Niagara Falls"

  • Иностранные языки
Presentation in English on the theme of «Niagara Falls». Prepared schoolgirl...
Niagara Falls (waterfall), waterfall in east central North America, located o...
Niagara Falls consists of two cataracts: the Horseshoe, or Canadian, Falls (5...
The Niagara's large volume of flow, averaging about 5,520 cu m (about 194,940...
The waterfalls are separated by Goat Island, New York. The crestline of the c...
And the fairly straight crest of the American Falls measures 328 m (1,075 ft...
Niagara Falls was formed about 12,000 years ago, when glaciers retreated nort...
Before large water-diversion projects were built in the 1950s and 1960s, Hor...
In order to study ways of preventing further rockfalls and to remove some of...
Niagara Falls is a great tourist attraction, luring millions of visitors each...
Visitors also may enter the Cave of the Winds, situated behind a curtain of f...
In 1875 the first flour mill powered by the canal water was opened, and in 18...
Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer, probably visited Niagara Falls in 161...
In 1950 the United States and Canada signed a treaty fixing the amount of wat...
The Canadians built the twin Sir Adam Beck-Niagara generating stations (compl...
The Power Authority of the State of New York constructed the Robert Moses-Nia...
Thank you for the attention :)
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№ слайда 1 Presentation in English on the theme of «Niagara Falls». Prepared schoolgirl
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Presentation in English on the theme of «Niagara Falls». Prepared schoolgirl 8 Class Anastasia Gerasimova. Teacher : Alistanova Margarita Atemovna

№ слайда 2 Niagara Falls (waterfall), waterfall in east central North America, located o
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Niagara Falls (waterfall), waterfall in east central North America, located on the Niagara River, in western New York and southeastern Ontario.

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№ слайда 4 Niagara Falls consists of two cataracts: the Horseshoe, or Canadian, Falls (5
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Niagara Falls consists of two cataracts: the Horseshoe, or Canadian, Falls (57 m/187 ft high), on the Canadian side of the river, and the American Falls (55 m/182 ft high), on the United States side.

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№ слайда 6 The Niagara's large volume of flow, averaging about 5,520 cu m (about 194,940
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The Niagara's large volume of flow, averaging about 5,520 cu m (about 194,940 cu ft) per second, plus its steep drop, give the river great power potential. The waterpower probably was tapped first in 1757, when Daniel Chabert Joncaire built a sawmill on the upper river.

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№ слайда 8 The waterfalls are separated by Goat Island, New York. The crestline of the c
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The waterfalls are separated by Goat Island, New York. The crestline of the crescent-shaped Horseshoe Falls, which carries about nine times more water than the U.S. cataract, is about 670 m (about 2,200 ft) long.

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№ слайда 10 And the fairly straight crest of the American Falls measures 328 m (1,075 ft
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And the fairly straight crest of the American Falls measures 328 m (1,075 ft). A small section of the American Falls near Goat Island is also known as Bridal Veil Falls.

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№ слайда 12 Niagara Falls was formed about 12,000 years ago, when glaciers retreated nort
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Niagara Falls was formed about 12,000 years ago, when glaciers retreated north, allowing water from Lake Erie to flow over the Niagara Escarpment, a ridge that extends in an arc across the northern Great Lakes region, from Wisconsin to New York. Erosion slowly pushed the waterfall about 11 km (about 7 mi) upstream, forming the Niagara Gorge.

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№ слайда 14 Before large water-diversion projects were built in the 1950s and 1960s, Hor
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Before large water-diversion projects were built in the 1950s and 1960s, Horseshoe Falls was receding at a rate of more than 1 m (3 ft) per year. With reduced flows slowing erosion, it will take about 30 years for the falls to recede the distance it once did in a year. In 1954 a considerable portion of the American Falls broke off, creating a large talus, or rock slope, at the base of the cataract.

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№ слайда 16 In order to study ways of preventing further rockfalls and to remove some of
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In order to study ways of preventing further rockfalls and to remove some of the talus, the American Falls was successfully “shut off” for several months in 1969 by a dam that was constructed between the U.S. mainland and Goat Island.

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№ слайда 18 Niagara Falls is a great tourist attraction, luring millions of visitors each
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Niagara Falls is a great tourist attraction, luring millions of visitors each year. The falls may be viewed from parks located on either side of the river, from observation towers, from boats, from Goat Island, and from the Rainbow Bridge, located a short distance downstream.

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№ слайда 20 Visitors also may enter the Cave of the Winds, situated behind a curtain of f
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Visitors also may enter the Cave of the Winds, situated behind a curtain of falling water near the base of the American Falls.

№ слайда 21 In 1875 the first flour mill powered by the canal water was opened, and in 18
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In 1875 the first flour mill powered by the canal water was opened, and in 1881 the first hydroelectric generator was installed along the waterway. The first large-scale hydroelectric facility, the Edward Dean Adams Power Plant, was opened on the U.S. side in 1896.

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№ слайда 23 Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer, probably visited Niagara Falls in 161
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Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer, probably visited Niagara Falls in 1613. Father Louis Hennepin, a Flemish monk, is known to have visited the waterfall in 1678; he later published an eyewitness description of it.

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№ слайда 25 In 1950 the United States and Canada signed a treaty fixing the amount of wat
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In 1950 the United States and Canada signed a treaty fixing the amount of water that could be diverted from the river for power generation, and soon thereafter two major hydroelectric projects were constructed.

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№ слайда 27 The Canadians built the twin Sir Adam Beck-Niagara generating stations (compl
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The Canadians built the twin Sir Adam Beck-Niagara generating stations (completed 1958; capacity, with associated pumped-storage facility, 1,815,000 kw) at Queenston, Ontario.

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№ слайда 29 The Power Authority of the State of New York constructed the Robert Moses-Nia
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The Power Authority of the State of New York constructed the Robert Moses-Niagara Power Plant (completed 1963; capacity, with associated pumped-storage facility, 2,400,000 kw) near Lewiston, New York. Both projects, each located about 6 km (about 4 mi)

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№ слайда 31 Thank you for the attention :)
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Thank you for the attention :)

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Дата добавления 11.11.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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