Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
The Gerund The Gerund
“When you finish reading , won`t you give the paper to me?” What do you think what part of speech is it?
The Gerund Non-personal form of the verb, WHICH HAS THE PROPERTY AS A VERB AND A NOUN SO. In Russian, there is no correspondence gerund
Gerund functions in the sentence Subject Reading books is useful. Чтение книг полезно.
Object Direct A) after the verb: to like, to love, to enjoy, to hate, to mind, to remember, to begin, to continue, to finish: I like playing tennis. Я люблю играть в теннис We began talking. Мы начали разговаривать.
B) prepositional After the verb with a preposition. When do you think of going there? Когда вы думаете поехать туда? to thank for to depend on to object to to think of to hear of
Прилагательное с предлогом. I am fond of skating. Я люблю кататься на коньках. to be fond of to be tired of to be interested in to be afraid of
Part of the compound verbal predicate I enjoy listening to music. Я люблю слушать музыку. The manager has finished dictating a letter to a secretary. Заведующий закончил диктовать письмо секретарю.
Part of the compound nominal predicate My task was looking after my sister. Моей задачей было смотреть за младшей сестрой.
Case(обстоятельство) After reading a text, we wrote a dictation. После того как мы прочитали текст (прочитав текст) мы писали диктант.
Is formed by adding the ending -ing to the infinitive form of the verb (infinitive)
Rules for writing If the infinitive ends in a consonant letter, preceded by a short vowel, the consonant is doubled: To run-running If the infinitive ends in a silent letter - e, this letter is omitted: to come - coming - In other cases, there is no change in the basis: To read - reading To study- studying
Write Gerund form. To influence, to recite, to play, to study, to enjoy, to run, to begin, to put, to conduct, to sit, to stay.
Use the words to make the words combinations. Love Like Enjoy Hate Don`t mind Don`t like Playing games Flying by plain Reading in bed Going to cafes Getting up early Traveling by bus Doing exercises Washing and ironing Leaning English
Use gerunds formed of the verbs to complete the sentences. 1. Stop … so much noise. I am trying to work. 2. What`s that?—It`s a thing for … cricket. 3. When the boy broke his toy, he started … . 4. He tried to give up …, but it was difficult. 5. When it stopped …, we went for a walk. 6. I like … new people. 7. She had finished … the flat by four o`clock. clean play rain smoke make cry meet
Answer the questions. Do you take much interest in learning English ? What do you Enjoy doing in spare time? Are you fond of learning and reciting poems? Do you like dancing quick? When will you begin preparing for your exams? What things do you enjoy doing?
Translate into English using gerund. Я не люблю рано вставать. Пожалуйста, перестань над ней смеяться. Я боюсь сделать ошибку. Спасибо за то,что ты мне помог. Смотреть футбол по телевизору не очень интересно. Изучение английского языка необходимо всем.
Find the sentences with gerund. 1 Continue reading, while I am writing these words. 2 While they were talking, I went home. 3 Learning a foreign languages is difficult. 4 The teachers tell us something interesting every day. 5 I am afraid of losing my keys. Keys 1, 3, 5.
Make up sentences by analogy. Example: I like to read – I like reading 1 I like to skate. 2 I hate to read detective stories. 3 They stopped to smoke. 4 I remember to tell you about it. Keys I like skating. I hate reading detective stories. They stopped smoking. I remember telling you about it.
Define the functions gerund 1 What is the reason of going there? 2 She suggested going to the zoo. 3 On seeing her parents, the girl ran towards to them. 4 Traveling is the good kind of rest. 5 I`m tired of reading this text. Keys 1 дополнение 2 дополнение 3 обстоятельство 4 подлежащее 5 дополнение
Make the sentences using gerund. 1 There are a lot of ways of (сделать это) . 2 What is your idea of (обсудить этот вопрос сейчас ). 3. Do you have the opportunity of (посетить галерею ). 4 It`s no use (плакать ). 5 He is busy ( подготовкой к уроку) 1 making this 2 discussing this question now. 3 visiting gallery. 4 crying 5 preparing homework
|Включите уведомления прямо сейчас и мы сразу сообщим Вам о важных новостях. Не волнуйтесь, мы будем отправлять только самое главное.|