Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Passive Voice to be + V3 Mary makes tea.- Tea is made by Mary.
Passive Voice With some verbs (bring, tell, send, show, tech, promise, buy, sell, read, offer, give, lend, etc.) we can form two different passive sentences. Philip will send Jane a gift. (active) A gift will be sent to Jane by Philip.(passive) Jane will be sent a gift. (passive)
Passive Voice Passive sentences can be personal and impersonal. Personal Subject + Passive Verb + to Infinitive Impersonal It + Passive Verb + Finite clause They think that she is very ill. (active) She is thought to be very ill. (personal) It is thought that she is very ill. (impersonal)
Causative подлежащее не является деятелем (не выполняет действие само) но! организовывает его или просит у профессионала выполнить действие. Subject + to (have) + Object + V3 He paints the wall. (active) He has the wall painted. (causative)
Passive Voice ex.6, p.171 1 The museum was broken into last night. 2 Ten paintings were stolen. 3 I had the feeling that I was being watched. 4 This matter must be taken seriously. 5 More and more cars are being bought every year. 6 The statue has been damaged. 7 The proposal was submitted in writing. 8 I’m afraid your camera cannot be used here.
Causative ex.7, p.171 Jane had the car washed. Tom will have all the paper from his office recycled. Jane is having special water filters put on all her taps. Mike had his motorbike altered to give off less emissions. Sally had diner cooked. I had my dog looked at. I had the shopping delivered to my house. When will we have our local beach cleaned up? Kelly has had her car fixed. I had my wallet stolen.
Test. Passive Voice Rewrite the sentences in the passive. Lomonosov founded Moscow University. She has brought some fresh apples from the garden. They sell children’s books in the shop. Rewrite the sentences in personal and impersonal passive. People say that she has millions in the bank. Fans expect that he will win an award. Write the sentences. Use Causative. They- the house – paint – last week She – the car – wash - yesterday