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THE USA The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world (after Russia, Canada, and China). It occupies the southern part of North America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It also includes Alaska in the north and Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. The total area of the country is about nine and a half million square kilometres. The USA borders on Canada in the north and on Mexico in the south. It also has a sea boarder with Russia.
THE FLAG The "Stars and Stripes" is a popular name for the red, white and blue flag of the United States. Every country has its own flag. In 1776 the thirteen colonies declared their independence from Great Britain. So the United States were born. There is a story that General George Washington asked Betsy Ross to make the flag. She used three colors: red, white, and blue. The red color was for courage, white was for liberty, and blue was for justice. She sewed thirteen red and white stripes and thirteen white stars in a circle on a blue square. The thirteen stars and stripes stood for the number of states at the beginning of the United States. On June 14, 1777, the Congress confirmed this flag as the National Flag. Later new states joined the United States. And in 1818 the Congress made another law about the flag. The thirteen stripes stayed the same, but for each new state there was a new star. Today there are fifty stars on the flag. Hawaii Island was the last star in 1959
Washington DC Washington, the capital of the USA, is situated on the Potomac River in the district of Columbia. The District is named in honor of Columbus, the discoverer of America . Washington is not the largest city in the USA. It has a population of 900 000 people. Washington is a one-industry town. That industry is government. Washington has many historical places. The largest and tallest among the buildings is the Capitol with its great House of Representatives and the Senate chamber. There are no skyscrapers in Washington because no other building must be taller than the Capitol. The White House is the President's residence. All American presidents except George Washington (the White House was not yet built in his time), have lived in the White House. It was built in 1799. It is a two-storied, white building.
Niagara Falls is a group of waterfalls that are located on the border between Canada and the United States. Niagara Falls is one of Canada's most famous tourist destinations, and it's one of the most beautiful places in North America. Many newlyweds travel to Niagara Falls on their honeymoons, because the falls are so beautiful and romantic. At night the falls are lit with lights of many different colors, and during the day it's possible to see rainbows in the water.
Great lakes Великие озёра входят в число крупнейших на Земле скоплений пресной воды. Соперничать с ними могут лишь Байкал и ледники Гренландии и Антарктиды. Они связаны между собой реками и каналами, и поэтому вода перетекает из одного в другое. Верхнее озеро является крупнейшим по площади пресноводным озером планеты, а одно только Онтарио — больше самого крупного в Европе Ладожского озера. Средняя глубина их, не будучи очень большой, превосходит среднюю глубину Балтийского и Северного морей.
Lake Superior is the largest of the five Great Lakes in North America. Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world, but it is smaller than Lake Baikal in Siberia. Lake Baikal is deeper and contains more water than Lake Superior. Lake Erie is another one of the Great Lakes. It is one of the most popular places in western New York for people to ride boats and go to the beach.
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