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Past Simple Tense (прошедшее простое время) Обозначает действие, которое произошло в известный период времени и закончилось в прошлом.
Past Simple Tense (прошедшее простое время) Обозначает действие, которое произошло в прошлом. V₁ + ed; V₂ did not + V₁ (didn’t+V₁) ‗‗‗‗‗ ____ ‗‗‗‗ _ _ _ ? + --==etrtjjt-_-__-- ? did V₁ подл.
Слова – спутники yesterday вчера the day before yesterday позавчера a week ago неделю назад long ago давно not long ago недавно last week на прошлой неделе in 2015 в 2015
Утвердительная форма V₁ + ed; V₂ to play to go to be I played went was you played went were he played went was she played went was it played went was we played went were you played went were they played went were
Spelling Rules + ed play+ed, call+ed, miss+ed + d close+closed, love+loved, like+liked y → ied study-studied, cry-cried, try-tried double consonant + ed travelled, stopped, knitted,
Pronunciation /ɪd/ in verbs ending in /d/, /t/ sounds needed, arrested, counted, knitted /t/ in verbs ending in /s/, /k/, /f/, /p/, /ʃ/, /ʧ/ passed, worked, laughed, helped, washed, watched /d/ in verbs ending in any other sound opened, carried, cleaned, arranged
Отрицательная форма did not + V₁ I didn’t play didn’t go wasn’t you didn’t play didn’t go weren’t he didn’t play didn’t go wasn’t she didn’t play didn’t go wasn’t it didn’t play didn’t go wasn’t we didn’t play didn’t go weren’t you didn’t play didn’t go weren’t they didn’t play didn’t go weren’t
Вопросительная форма ‗‗‗‗‗‗‗‗ подл. ‗‗‗‗‗‗‗‗‗ Did you go to the cinema? When did you go to the cinema? Did she go to the cinema? When did she go to the cinema? Who went to the cinema? ? did V₁
Exercise 1. Write the past simple of these verbs copy __________ 2. revise __________ 3. cycle __________ 4. listen __________ 5. cry________ 6. play __________ 7. like __________ 8. move __________ 9. stop__________ 10. start ________
Exercise 2. Regular (R) or irregular (I) verbs? Write the past simple of the verbs 1. fly ___________ 2. use ___________ 3. study__________ 4. eat ___________ 5. make _________ 6. travel__________ 7. see ___________ 8. go ___________ 9. count _________ 10. write _________
Exercise 3. Complete the sentences On Saturday I ____________ (play) computer games with my cousins. 2. My mum ____________ (not cook) dinner last night. 3. I ____________ (walk) to school because there weren´t any buses. 4. They ____________ (not dance) at the party. 5. My brother ____________ (travel) to Ireland last summer.
Exercise 4. Вставьте в предложения правильную форму глагола to be прошедшего времени - was/were: His name _____ Mark. What ____ her name? My kids _____ not with me. How ____ your sister? ____ you at home? Where ____ your parents? I ____ busy. _____ you happy? ____ your wife a singer? He ____ not thirty-five years old.
Exercise 5. Напишите предложения с глаголом to be в вопросительной и отрицательной форме: 1. It was in London. 2. I was in the swimming pool. 3. You were in my garden. 4. He was from Australia. 5. His parents were from Italy. 6. My friends were Spanish. 7. I was hungry. 8. They were English magazines. 9. That was my cup of tea. 10. Paul was from the UK.
Exercise 6.– Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple. 1. Alice (to have) a sister. 2. Her sister’s name (to be) Ann. 3. Ann (to be) a student. 4. She (to get) up at seven o'clock. 5. She (to go) to the institute in the morning. 6. Jane (to be) fond of sports. 7. She (to do) her morning exercises every day. 8. For breakfast she (to have) two eggs, a sandwich and a cup of tea. 9. After breakfast she (to go) to the institute. 10. Sometimes she (to take) a bus. 11. It (to take) her an hour and a half to do her homework. 12. She (to speak) English well. 13. Her friends usually (to call) her at about 8 o’clock. 14. Ann (to take) a shower before going to bed. 15. She (to go) to bed at 11 p. m.
Exercise 7.– Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple. 1. My working day (to begin) at six o'clock. 2. I (to get) up, (to switch) on the TV and (to brush) my teeth. 3. It (to take) me about twenty minutes. 4. I (to have) breakfast at seven o’clock. 5. I (to leave) home at half past seven. 6. I (to take) a bus to the institute. 7. It (to take) me about ten minutes to get there. 8. Classes (to begin) at eight. 9. We usually (to have) four classes a day. 10. I (to have) lunch at about 2 o’clock.
Exercise 8. Напишите предложения в отрицательной форме: didn’t + V₁ 1. I met my boss in the cafe. 2. I enjoyed skiing. 3. His mother put the keys in her pocket. 4. My friend came home late. 5. His parents learnt Spanish. 6. Jane spoke English fluently. 7. Her aunt worked on Saturdays. 8. We read these new American magazines. 9. My husband found a wallet last night. 10. Paul swam in the pool.
Exercise9. Complete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative. V₁ + ed, V₂ , didn’t + V₁ 1. It was warm, so I __________ off my coat. (take) 2. The film wasn't very good. I _________ it very much. (enjoy) 3. I knew Kate was very busy, so I _________ her. (disturb) 4. I was very tired, so I _______ to bed early. (go) 5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I __________ very well. (sleep) 6. Jane wasn't hungry, so she __________ anything. (eat)
Exercise9. Complete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative. V₁ + ed, V₂ , didn’t + V₁ 7. We went to Lena's house but she __________ at home. (be) 8. It was a funny situation but nobody _________ . (laugh) 9. The window was open and a bird ____________ into the room. (fly) 10. The hotel wasn't very expensive. It __________ very much. (cost) 11. I was in a hurry, so I ________ time to phone you. (have) 12. It was very hard work carrying the bags. They _____________ very heavy. (be)
Exercise 10. Write the words in the correct order. 1. film? / like / you / Did / the / 2. you / many / did / ask? / How / people / 3. a / have / time? / they / Did / good / 4. did / weekend? / the / What / do / we / at / 5. she / DVD? / Where / that / did / buy / 6. party / on / your / go / Saturday? / he / Did / to / 7. did / yesterday? / Who / you / see /
Exercise 11. Correct the sentences 1. Did he went to school yesterday? 2. Why did you to go home early? 3. Where you did learn English? 4. Did she works yesterday? 5. What do you last Sunday? 6. Did they last night phone you?
Exercise 12. Complete the sentences with the past simple be – got up – meet – have – go – run – drink – sleep – swim – eat 1. I _____ a shower and ____ some fruit for breakfast. 2. Then I ______ to the sports centre. 3. I ______ 500 meters in the swimming pool and then I ______ 5 kilometers. 4. At lunchtime I ______ my friends in a café. 5. We ______ some pasta and ______ some juice. 6. After lunch I ______ for a few hours, I ______ tired!
Exercise 13. Complete the sentences V₁ + ed, V₂ , didn’t + V₁ 1. I opened the door and _________ (look) inside. 2. Who _________ (close) all the windows? 3. I _________ (carry) my mom´s shopping bag. 4. I _________ (not climb) over the fence. 5. The plane _________ (fly) ten minutes ago. 6. We _________ (live) in that house when I was a baby. 7. My brother _________ (not cry) when he fell of his bike. 8. We _________ (walk) to school yesterday. 9. She _________ (smile) when she saw me. 10. She _________ (laugh) when I told her the joke.
Exercise 14. Complete the sentences. V₁ + ed, V₂ , didn’t + V₁ 1. I ________ (loose) my watch in the park. 2. David ________ (not hurt) his knee. 3. I kicked the ball and it ________ (break) a window. 4. My new shoes ________ (not cost) a lot of money. 5. I ________ (get) this book from the library. 6. We had a garage where we ________ (keep) our car. 7. Alex________ (cut) his knee. 8. The glass ________ (fall) off the table. 9. The glass ________ (not break). 10. We ________ (sell) our old car.
Exercise 15. Complete the sentences V₁ + ed, V₂ , didn’t + V₁ 1. Dad ________ (not help) me with my homework. 2. Helen ________ (tell) me a secret. 3. Luis Miguel ________ (run) to catch a bus. 4. We ________ (return) our books to the library. 5. She ________ (not kiss) her mother. 6. We ________ (buy) a new car. 7. The bell ________ (not ring). 8. We all ________ (go) into school. 9. The dog ________ (catch) the ball. 10. The man ________ (not build) his house.
Exercise 16. Complete the sentences. V₁ + ed, V₂ , didn’t + V₁ 1. Who _______ (play) the computer? 2. Dinosaurs _______ (live) many years ago. 3. It _______ (not snow) last night. 4. They _______ (not work) until twelve last night. 5. Our cat _______ (run) onto the road. 6. Jane _______ (not write) a letter. 7. I _______ (buy) a new camera last week. 8. We _______ (drive) to a safari park yesterday. 9. Yesterday Dad _______ (not take) me to the carnival. 10. Elizabeth _______ (give) Eva a chocolate. 11. Jack and Jill _______ (not go) up the hill. 12. Her ring _______ (cost) ten Euros. 13. I _______ (put) sugar in my coffee.
Exercise 17. Представьте себе, что в воскресенье вы ходили в гости к другу. Что вы там делали? Дайте краткие ответы. Did you knock at his door? Did you stay in the house? Did you talk about your holiday? Did he tell you any jokes? Did you have dinner with him? Did you watch TV? Did he show you his things? Did you play any games? Did you go to the yard? Did you walk in the streets?
Exercise 18. Дополните диалоги, сформировав вопросы в Past Simple. Kim: What _____1_____ (you do) last night, Lisa? Lisa: I went to the cinema. Kim: What film ______2_______ (you see) ? Lisa: Shrek. Kim: Who _____3________ ( you go) with? Lisa: Pete and Zoe. Kim: ____4_____ (you enjoy) it? Lisa: Well, the special effects were brilliant, but the story wasn't very good. Kim: What time ______5______ (it finish)? Lisa: At ten o'clock. Kim: What___6___ (you do) after the film? Lisa: We went for a pizza.
Exercise 19. Match the verbs: 1. beat a) lost 2. fall b) put 3. feel c) flew 4. know d) found 5. find e) beat 6. fly f) fell 7. put g) knew 8. lose h) felt
Exercise 20. Составьте по пять вопросов к каждому предложению: They were at the zoo yesterday. She played the piano last week. Ann drew a nice picture a month ago.
Exercise 21. Right or wrong? Did you have time to write the letter? Did you went out last night, Tom? Were Tom at work yesterday? I not had enough money to buy anything to eat. Why didn’t you phone me on Tuesday?
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