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Robert Burns. (1759-1796)
Robert Burns was a Scottish poet and a lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is also in English and a “light” Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. Robert Burns. (1759-1796) Scotland‘s National Bard and the Poet of Humanity.
My heart’s in the Highlands, my heart is not here, My heart’s in the Highlands, a-chasing the deer, A-chasing the wild deer, and following the roe – My heart’s in the Highlands wherever I go. Farewell to the Highlands, farewell to the North, The birthplace of valour, the country of worth. Wherever I wander, wherever I rove, The hills of the Highlands forever I love. Farewell to the mountains high covered with snow, Farewell to the straths and green valleys below, Farewell to the forests and wild-hanging woods, Farewell to the torrents and loud pouring floods. My heart’s in the Highlands, my heart is not here, My heart’s in the Highlands, a-chasing the deer, A-chasing the wild deer, and following the roe – My heart’s in the Highlands wherever I go. Burns composed verses to the melodies of old folk songs, which he had admired from his early childhood. He sang of the woods, fields and wonderful valleys of his native land.
R. Burns was born in a clay cottage at the picturesque village of Alloway near Ayr in Scotland. He was the eldest of the seven children in the family. He had little regular schooling and got much of his education from his parents. He was also taught by John Murdoch (1747–1824). He also studied at Dalrymple Parish School. Hard farm work in his youth undermined his health, leading to the rheumatic heart disease from which he eventually died.
1766 - the family moved to Mount Olifrant. It was here, in the autumn of 1774, that Burns wrote his first song “Handsome Nell” 1777 – the family moved to Lochile in Tarbolton parish. 1780 – Burns took a leading part in founding the Tarbolton Bachelors‘ Club, a debating society. 1784 - His father died, leaving him as the head of the family. 1784 – Burns read the works of the Edinburgh poet Robert Fergusson. 1785 – Burns fell in love with Jean Armour, who‘s father forbade their marriage. – Burns arranged to issue by subscription a collection of his poetry. “Poems. Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect” was a success.
1786 – Burns moved to Edinburgh, he was met by the fashionable society. 1787 - He successfully published a second, 300-copy edition of “Poems”. He was able to travel and finance another winter in Edinburgh. He marred Jean Armour, mother of his twins. 1788 – Burns leased a poorly equipped farm in Ellisland, but the land was unproductive. - Burns was appointed to a position in the Excise Service. 1790 – His masterpiece “Tam o‘Shanter” was written. 1791 - Burns gave up the farm in Ellisland and moved into the town of Dumfries. 1795 - Burns was in financial difficulties, he was ill. 1796 – Burns died in Dumfries.
Burns House Home of the Bard from May 1793 until his death in 1796. Jean Armour remained here until her death. The house is now a museum. It tells the story of the connections between Robert Burns and the town of Dumfries. The well-researched exhibition is illuminated by many original documents and relics of the poet. The Robert Burns Centre
Statue of Burns in Dumfries Town Centre
Ellisland Farm, Dumfries Robert Burns, Scotland's National Bard and the Poet of Humanity, spent three of the most fruitful years of his short life at Ellisland Farm, Dumfries. The farm, which Burns owned from 1788 to 1791, is a museum and working farm today.
Alloway South Ayrshire, Scotland The Burns Cottage. Inside the Burns Cottage Museum
Burns Night Burns Night, a second national day in Scotland, is celebrated on the 25-th of January with Burns suppers around the world. First come general announcements, the Grace, then come the piping and cutting of the haggis. The reading called “The immortal memory” is given. The next event is the singing of “Auld Land Syne”.
Robert Burns was a poet and a writer of traditional Scottish folk songs and poems. Burns touched with his own genius the traditional folk songs of Scotland. He wrote about his countryside and hard farm life, about love. Some of his songs were original, others were inspired by a line or phrase from one of the many ballads in the Scottish dialect. From the oral folk tradition, he learned a great deal about song rhythms and the fitting words to music.
Auld Lang Syne To a Mouse A man for A‘That Tam O‘Shanter Epigrams Halloween The Batlle of Sherramuir A Red, Red Rose John Barleycorn My Heart‘s in the Highland's Comin‘ through the Rye Ode, Sacred to the Memory of Mrs. Oswald Robert Burn is a remarkable lyric poet. His works are popular in Scotland and all over the world.