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ICONS OF ENGLAND PORTRAIT OF ENGLAND
A CUP OF TEA English people say:” If you are hot, tea will cool you off, and if you are cold , it will warm you up”. Tea came to Britain from China in 1500s, but it was only for the very rich. Have you heard of the tradition “5 o’clock tea”? It was introduced in the early 1800s by the 7th Duchess of Bedford. Guests were offered sandwiches, cakes, biscuits and fruit and, of course, tea. If someone in England asks ’Would you like a cuppa?’ it means ‘would you like a cup of tea?’
HOLBEIN’S PORTRAIT OF HENRY VIII This portrait is one of the most powerful pictures of a monarch ever painted. Henry was 46 when the picture was painted but in the picture the king appears young, elegant and strong. The artist elongated Henry’s legs, made him younger, slimmer and more muscular.
BIG BEN The Great Bell of Westminster was made in 1858. Nobody knows for sure why Big Ben is called Big Ben, but many people think it was something to do with Sir Benjamin Hall, a rather fat man who was in charge of the building works at Westminster and whose nickname was ‘Big Ben’.
THE ROSE Every country in the UK has its own national flower (Scotland –a thistle, Wales- a leek or a daffodil, Northern Ireland- a shamrock). The national flower of England is the rose. It all started during the time of the Wars of the Roses between the royal house of Lancaster ( red rose) and the house of the Tudor (white rose). At the end of the war the two roses were combined into the Tudor rose. The idea belonged to Henry VII Tudor, who fell in love with Elizabeth of York, married her and united the two houses.
THE V-SIGN During World War II this sign was used to mean victory and it was used again by hippies to mean peace. This sign will forever be associated with the wartime prime minister, Sir Churchill.
HADRIAN’S WALL It is an ancient wall across England. The Roman Emperor Hadrian wanted to protect Roman Britain from attacks by Scottish tribes. The Roman soldiers guarded the wall which was 117 km long and4 metres high. Now there are only ruins. But still, Hadrian Wall is the most popular tourist attraction in northern England.
THE ANGEL OF THE NORTH It is the country's largest sculpture: it is 20 metres high and its wings are 54 metres wide. The Angel of the North can be clearly seen by people who are travelling through the area by car or by train. About 90,000 people see it every day.
FISH AND CHIPS It all started 150 years ago. Fried fish was the most popular dish in poor English families. Then the first chips came from France. In 1860 the first fish’n’chips shop was open in East End. More than 250 mln portions are eaten in the country every year.
THE OAK TREE The oak has always been seen as the national tree of England. The tree also saved an English king, Charles II, when he had to escape from Oliver Cromwell’s men. Charles hid in a huge oak tree at Boscombel. If you visit Boscombel, you can still see an old oak in the grounds. But the tree in which Charles hid died long ago.
WIMBLEDON It is the most prestigious tennis tournament in the world. The games are played on the grass and the players must wear all the white. The first tennis competition was held at Wimbledon in 1877.
SHERLOCK HOLMES He is probably the best-known fictional detective of all the time. Sherlock Holmes creator, Arthur Conan Doyle studied medicine at Edinburgh University. One of his professors, Joseph Bell, inspired the character of S. Holmes.
LONDON UNDERGROUND The London Underground (the Tube) was the FIRST underground in the world. It was opened in 1890. It is not so attractive as the Moscow Metro, but it is special!
Eden project This big environmental park in Cornwall opened in 2001. It is more popular now than the Tower of London. The Eden Project consists of two giant greenhouses, shaped like grapefruit halves, and an outdoor area.
Eden Project at night
Inside the Warm Temperate Biome
Inside the Humid Tropic Biome
A waterfall in the Tropic Biome
The sculpture of Eve is made of earth!
The Roofless Biome The third biome has the temperate climate similar to climate in Chile, the Himalayas, Russia and Australia.
Eden statues placed Bombus the Bee is among the grape vines. 6 metres tall.
The British Police The image of the friendly ‘bobby’ in a strange-looking helmet is known all over the world. But why ‘bobby’?
The Father of the Police Robert Peel is remembered as the creator of the police force in London in 1829. The policemen were called ‘bobbies’ or ‘peelers’ after him.
The police uniform of those times Policemen worked 10 hours a day and they had no days –off. Just like today, they were not allowed to carry guns. So, the police work could be very dangerous. Top hats were replaced by helmets.
National Dance MORRIS DANCE
Do you know these sights?
QUIZ What is a fictitious address of S. Holmes? What Russian actor is considered to be the best S. Holmes in the world? What is the most prestigious tennis tournament in the world? What English king could consider the oak the best tree? How big is the minute hand of Big Ben Clock? How old is the Tube? Was it possible to buy fish and chips in West End? Could a poor man have a cuppa 300 years ago?
9. Why the symbol of England is a red and white rose? Who invented it? 10. Why did the Emperor Hadrian order to build the wall? 11. What politician made V-sign popular? 12. Whose portrait can be an icon of England? What do you know about this king?
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