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Презентация по английскому языку "The Tower of London"
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
What does the Tower represent? Floor of the Norman Chapel – the oldest church in all of England This short history of the Tower of London charts the different stages of its development. Throughout its history, the Tower has attracted a number of important functions and its role as armoury, royal palace, prison and fortress is explained, as well as its modern role as tourist attraction and home to a thriving community. Today the Tower of London is one of the world’s major tourist attractions and many visitors a year come to discover its long and eventful history, its buildings, ceremonies and traditions.
The area near the Tower of London These are bird’s eye views of the Tower of London area. As different kings and queens ruled England, they each added a certain building to the Tower. Henry III was the one to make the White Tower cozy. After wards the Lion Tower was added, where lions were kept for entertainment.
The Towers There are 21 different towers which form a major part of the great London castle complex. The names of the different Towers are as follows just click the following links for interesting facts and information about each of the Towers. The White Tower The Bloody Tower Beauchamp Tower Bell Tower Bowyer Tower Brick Tower Broad Arrow Tower BywardTower Constable Tower Cradle Tower DevelinTower DeverauxTower Flint Tower LanthornTower Martin Tower Middle Tower St Thomas's Tower Salt Tower Wakefield Tower Wardrobe Tower Well Tower
The White Tower was built in 1078 by William of Normandy, who is also known as William the Conqueror. The Tower of London is the symbol of his power.The limestone came from Caen and the rag stone was brought from Kent. The castle keep had a dual function: as military fortress and residence for the ruler. Today the official title of the Tower is still 'Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London. The White Tower The Tower of London used to be a guardian and enforcer of the Royal Will, and now stands as the oldest palace, fortress and prison in Europe.
When King Henry VII was at the throne, he formed a personal bodyguard to protect him. His guards were called the Yeoman Warders who still protect the Tower today. On this photo the Yeoman Warder is entering the gates to open the Tower for the day. At night the tower is locked up at 10:00pm sharp. The Yeoman Warders
Prisoners of the Tower of London The people executed or imprisoned at the Tower were: Queen Elizabeth I – she is known to be the only one who left the tower unexecuted. Anne Boleyn – she was murdered because Henry VIII was unsatisfied with the fact that she couldn’t give him a son. Sir Thomas More Lady Jane Grey Here is an example of what an execution might have looked like. Most of the prisoners were executed at the Bloody Tower, which used to be called the Garden Tower until two young boys were supposedly murdered there by their uncle, Richard, Duke of Gloucester who later turned into Richard III.
Legends of the Tower The most famous legend is the one about two boys: Richard Duke of York and his brother Edward V. · According to Tudor historians, Richard, Duke of Gloucester invented a story declaring the boys illegitimate and convinced the Parliament that they can’t become kings. Then he murdered the boys. They believe this because they think one of Richard’s former officials confessed 20 years after the crime was committed. Young skeleton bones were found under some stairs in the tower in the 17th century, so it is assumed that those are the bones of the two boys. · . Here is a photo of Richard, Duke of Gloucester, who was later crowned as Richard III. According to the English Tradition, you have to spend your night at the Tower before your coronation, and Richard III pleaded for his nephew, Duke of York, to be accompanied by Edward V in the tower.
Another interesting legend concerns Queen Elizabeth I: she was disappointed when told that she would be entering through Traitor’s Gate because she didn’t think of herself as a “traitor”. The most interesting of all legends involves the 6 ravens living inside the Tower. There is a belief that if they ever leave the Tower, it will crumble and the British Monarchy will fall apart. This may sound ridiculous, but it could be true because the ravens weren’t at the castle during WWI or WWII. Here is a photo of Traitor’s Gate, from which all prisoners went through.
Literature Осипов В. “Британия глазами русского”. - М.: Издательство АПН, 1998г. Старков В. “Лондон летом”, газета “Аргументы и факты” 1996, № 34 Цветков С.Э. Узники Тауэра. Либрусек. Шевченко Л.М. и др. “Страны и народы”; 1998г. other sources of information: http://paranormal.about.com/od/hauntedplaces/ig/World-s-Most-Haunted-Place/The-Tower-of-London.htm http://www.ancientfortresses.org/tower-london-ghosts.htm http://www.thetudorbookblog.com/2011/06/tower-of-london-ghost-stories.html http://www.yourghoststories.com/famous-ghost-stories/tower-london.php
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