Презентация по английскому языку The University of Edinburgh
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The founding of the University is attributed to Bishop Robert Reid of St Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney, who left the funds on his death in 1558 that ultimately provided the University's endowment. The University was established by a Royal Charter granted by James VI in 1582, becoming the fourth Scottish university at a time when more populous neighboor England had only two.
In the Third European Report on Science & Technology Indicators (2004), compiled by the European Commission, the University of Edinburgh ranked as follows: 5th in Europe 3rd in the UK 1.35 score of citation impact (0.2 points below the leader, University of Cambridge) The 2007 Times Higher Education Supplement [THES] World University Rankings ranked the University of Edinburgh as follows: 23rd in the world 5th in the UK 5th in Europe overall The Guardian University Guide 2008 ranked the University of Edinburgh as follows: 7th in the UK overall 1st in the UK for computer science 1st in the UK for physics 2nd in the UK for medicine 2nd in the UK for veterinary science The THES also ranked world universities in broad subject areas in tables published in the THES itself, and available to subscribers via the THES website. The University of Edinburgh was ranked: 28th in the world for arts and humanities 29th in the world for life sciences and biomedicine 47th in the world for social sciences The Academic Ranking of World Universities 2008 [ARWU] ranked the University of Edinburgh as follows: 6th in the UK 13th in Europe 55th in the world
The Times Good University Guide 2008 ranked the University of Edinburgh as the 13th best university in the UK. This represents a drop from previous rankings: 11th in 2007 and within the top ten in 2005 and 2006. However, Edinburgh University remains in the top five for entry standards, a testimony to its popularity and selectivity. In 2005, the university was the Sunday Times Scottish University of the Year. In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise, an approximately 5 yearly audit of the research quality of British higher education establishments, the University of Edinburgh was placed 10th overall, a rise of 4 places from 14th in the 2001 RAE. The University was also placed 5th in the UK in terms of the power of its research departments. It was rated top in the UK for Computer Science studies, a category in which the University of Edinburgh School of Informatics made every eligible research submission whereas other universities submitted selectively. It was rated top in the UK for medical research submitted to the Hospital-based clinical subjects panel. The University was also placed 3rd in the UK for both Engineering and Chemistry . Notable positions - among others - include 3rd in English, joint 5th in Pure Mathematics and 6th in Physics. The results for each of the 39 subject areas subjected for quality assessment can be retrieved at Guardian Education or the official RAE website.
Semester Dates: Fall Semester: September-December (Semester 1) Spring Semester: January-May (Semester 2) School Facts: With over 20,000 students, 3,600 from an international background and about 120 nationalities, Edinburgh has a very cosmopolitan and diverse student community. The University of Edinburgh is one of the UK's most prestigious universities and has been attracting international students for over four centuries.
Edinburgh is considered by some as one of the greenest and most architecturally beautiful cities in Europe often referred to as the "Athens of the North". The University plays an integral role in the city, contributing to its vibrant atmosphere. With the expansion in topics of study the university has expanded its campuses such that it now has seven main sites:
The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies at Summerhall, at the East end of The Meadows. This houses Veterinary Medicine. This department increasingly uses farm facilities and new buildings to the South of the city, near Penicuik. Moray House School of Education just off the Royal Mile, used to be the Moray House Institute for Education until this merged with the University in August 1998. The University has since extended Moray House's Holyrood site to include a redeveloped and extended major building housing Sports Science, Physical Education and Leisure Management facilities adjacent to its own Sports Institute in the Pleasance. Pollock Halls, adjoining Holyrood Park to the east, provides accommodation (mainly half board) for a minority of students in their first year. Two of the older houses in Pollock Halls were demolished in 2002 and a new building has been built in their place, leaving a total of ten buildings. Self-catered flats elsewhere account for the majority of university-provided accommodation. Most other students in the city live in private flats in the Marchmont, Newington, Bruntsfield, New Town and Leith areas, although some university-owned flats are also available there.
New College, on the Mound, which houses the School of Divinity - parts of which are also used by the Church of Scotland. The King's Buildings campus, further south, houses most of the Science and Engineering schools including a Biology School that is a world leader in genetics. The Scottish Agricultural College (SAC) and British Geological Survey (BGS) also have a presence on campus. The Chancellor's Building was opened on 12 August 2002 by The Duke of Edinburgh and houses the new £40 million Medical School at the New Royal Infirmary in Little France. It was a joint project between private finance, the local authorities and the University to create a large modern hospital, veterinary clinic and research institute and thus the University is currently (2003) in the process of moving its Veterinary and Medical Faculties there (and quite possibly also the School of Nursing). It has two large lecture theatres and a medical library. It is connected to the new Edinburgh Royal Infirmary by a series of corridors.
There have been many notable alumni and faculty of the university, including economist Adam Smith, signatories to the US Declaration of Independence James Wilson and John Witherspoon, Prime Ministers Gordon Brown, Lord Palmerston, inventor Alexander Graham Bell, naturalist Charles Darwin, physicists James Clerk Maxwell and Peter Higgs, writers Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Robert Louis Stevenson and Sir Walter Scott, chemist Joseph Black, medical pioneers Joseph Lister and James Simpson, mathematician Colin Maclaurin, cyclist Chris Hoy, philosopher David Hume, geologist James Hutton, chemist and two-time recipient of Alexander von Humboldt research prize for senior scientists Narayan Hosmane, Dr. Valentin Fuster. At graduation ceremonies, the Vice-Chancellor caps graduates with the Geneva Bonnet, a hat which legend says was originally made from cloth taken from the breeches of John Knox or George Buchanan. The hat was last restored in 2000, when a note from 1849 was discovered in the fabric. In 2006, a University emblem taken into space by Piers Sellers was incorporated into the Geneva Bonnet.
Newspapers: Student is a weekly Scottish newspaper produced by students at the University of Edinburgh. Founded in 1887 by author Robert Louis Stevenson, it is the oldest student newspaper in the United Kingdom. It has held the title of Best Student Newspaper in Scotland, awarded by the Herald Student Press Awards, for two years running, having won in 2006 and again in 2007. The Journal is a very recent addition to the student media scene at the university. It is an independent publication, established in 2007 by three students at the University of Edinburgh, and also distributes to the four other higher education institutions in the city - Heriot-Watt University, Napier University, Queen Margaret University and the Edinburgh College of Art. It is the largest such publication in Scotland, with a print run of 14,000 copies and is produced by students from across the city.
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