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Biography of Mikhail Lermontov Kostukevich Julia B-412 ГБОПУ колледж «Царицыно» Политехническое отделение Руководитель: Маматкулова А.Б.
Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov was born on 15 October 1814 in Moscow. He spent his childhood in the village of Tarkhany which was located in Penza region. Mikhail’s father, Yuri, was a military. His mother Maria Arseneva died when Mikhail was a child. Lermontov’s grandmother, Elizabeth Alekseyevna, raised him after Maria’s death. At the age of ten Mikhail had problems with health and they moved to the Caucasus. The fertile climate of this region was good for Mikhail. From that time he loved the Caucasus. Childhood
Lermontov spent his childhood in the intellectual atmosphere and he became interested in English litera- ture. He studied Byron’s poetry. When Mikhail was a child he was studied with a Frenchman named Gendrot. But Elizabeth Alekseyevna decided that additional education was necessary for her grandson and took him to Moscow where the young po- et entered the gymnasium. While there Lermontov developed a passion for the poetry of Zhukovsky and Pushkin. After a while he met Katerina Khvostovaya whom he loved. Lermontov inscribed some poems to her. At the same time the young poet developed a talent for sarcastic humor. Moreover he could draw caricatures and somebody down with an epigram or nickname.
In 1830 after studying at gymnasium Mikhail entered Moscow University. That year his father died and this event made a lasting impression on him. Lermontov’s sorrow was apparent in his poems "Forgive me, Will we Meet Again?" and "The Terrible Fate of Father and Son". Lermontov was not a student for a long time Lermontov was not a student for a long time. In 1832, due to a misunderstanding with Professor Malov he left the university.
Between 1830 and 1834 Lermontov attended the cadet school. In those years he started writing poetry. He became interested in Russian history and medieval epics and it was apparent in some his poems including the Song of the Merchant Kalashnikov and Borodino
"How often surrounded by a motley crowd ...“ Lermontov and secular society.
Akim Shan-Giray on university time cousin wrote: "Michelle loved society ... often went to the theater, balls and masquerades." Thoughts all seventeen boys invariably tend to glory and to the desire to win public recognition. Lermontov boy preparing for a literary career, these thoughts disturb more consistently than anyone ever: "I was born to a world audience was triumph or my death"
But that writes Lermontov himself about his entry into high society: "I am now in a secular society ... for what I'd learned, for what would prove that I was able to find pleasure in good company ..."
In 1837, a poetic response to the death of Pushkin Lermontov once made famous. In his angry essay poet accuses happened secular society where the norm are vices: hypocrisy, hypocrisy, slander.
In the works of Lermontov yet time will sound accusatory words to the high society. In 1940 he wrote the poem "How often surrounded by a motley crowd ..."
In a society, adopts a celebrity, not all were located to the poet: Do not like the independent nature and what feels even among "graciously" allow it to their higher spheres. His position was like Pushkin's position in court circles.
In July 1841, Mikhail Lermontov was killed in a duel, which occurred due to the insignificant by today's standards occasion. Killer poet was his former comrade in cadet school Nikolai Martynov.
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