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lake Baikal Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal is located in the center of Asia, on the border of Irkutsk region and the Republic of Buryatia in the Russian Federation. The lake stretches from the southwest to the northeast at 620 km in the form of a giant crescent. The width of the reservoir is in the range of 24 to 79 km. The bottom of the lake at 1167 meters below sea level, and the mirror of its waters - at 456 meters above. Lake Baikal located
In Baikal there are about 2,600 species and sub-species of aquatic animals, ie live only in this reservoir Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. Lake Baikal is the largest accumulation of fresh water
Baikal as a reservoir Since 1956 the lake is used in hydroelectric power - it has become an integral part of the Irkutsk reservoir, causing the water level rose by nearly 1 meter 
Lake Baikal - the deepest lake in the world. The current value of the maximum depth of the lake - 1642 m - was established in 1983, LG batters and AI Sulimov runtime hydrographic survey expedition
The main properties of the Baikal water can be summarized as follows: there is very little dissolved and suspended mineral substances is negligible organic impurities, a lot of oxygen. The content of mineral salts in the water of Lake Baikal is equal to 96.7 mg / L
On Baikal 27 islands (Ushkany island Olkhon, bright and others). The largest of them - Olkhon (71 km long and 12 km wide, is located almost in the center of the lake at its western coast, the area - 729 square kilometers , according to other sources - 700 km² ).
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