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PRESENT TENSES Учитель английского языка Бородавкина Виктория Сергеевна МБОУ «Лицей №1» Воронеж - 2015
PRESENT SIMPLE Affirmative I/you play he/she/it plays we/you/they play Negative I/you do not play he/she/it does not play we/you/they do not play Question Do I/you play? Does he/she/it play? Do we/you/they play?
PRESENT SIMPLE We use the Present Simple to talk about: Habits: He gets up early every morning She doesn’t buy magazines often Things that are true in general: Water boils at 100ºC Permanent states: My mother works as a teacher at a nursery school
TIME EXPRESSIONS WITH THE PRESENT SIMPLE every day (summer) every week twice a month every month every year three times a day every at the weekend on Friday mornings always in the morning in January on Tuesdays once a week usually often Time expressions usually come at the end of a sentence. We put them at the beginning of a sentence when we want to emphasise them. He brushes his teeth three times a day. On Wednesday evenings I visit my brother and his family.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS Affirmative I am playing you are playing he/she/it is playing we/you/they are playing Negative I am not playing you are not playing he/she/it is not playing we/you/they are not playing Question Am I playing? Are you playing? Is he/she/it playing? Are we/you/they playing?
PRESENT CONTINUOUS We use the Present Continuous to talk about: Actions in progress at the time of speaking: They are sitting in the kitchen at the moment Is she reading a book now? Actions in progress around the time of speaking: He is working abroad this month I am studying English at university
TIME EXPRESSIONS WITH THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS now nowadays tonight still today at these days at the moment at present
STATIVE VERBS We don’t usually use stative verbs in the Present Continuous. Stative verbs are: Verbs of senses: feel, hear, see, smell, sound, taste The carry tastes wonderful Verbs of emotion: dislike, hate, like, love, need, prefer, want She wants to go home now Verbs of understanding and opinion: appear, believe, forget, hope, know, remember, think, understand I remember his name now Verbs of possession: belong to, own They own some land in the capital
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Affirmative I/you have played he/she/it has played we/you/they have played Negative I/you have not played he/she/it has not played we/you/they have not played Question Have I/you played? Has he/she/it played? Have we/you/they played?
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE We use the Present Perfect Simple to talk about: Something that happened in the past but we don’t know when: She has lost her front door key Have they finished their project? Something that happened in the past but is important now: He’s broken his arm so he can’t play tennis. Something that started in the past but continues now: I have known him for years Something that has just happened: He has just left They’ve just told me the story
TIME EXPRESSIONS WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE already never so far ever once this week for recently lately for ages since 1995 today just since June yet
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Affirmative I/you have been playing he/she/it has been playing we/you/they have been playing Negative I/you have not been playing he/she/it has not been playing we/you/they have not been playing Question Have I/you been playing? Has he/she/it been playing? Have we/you/they been playing?
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS We use the Present Perfect Continuous to talk about: Something that started in the past and has happened repeatedly or has continued until now: I have been trying to repair the car all morning Something that happened repeatedly in the past and that may have finished now: I’ve been waiting for you for an hour. Come on!
TIME EXPRESSIONS WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS all day all week for a long time for years since recently lately how long
PUT THE VERBS IN BRACKETS INTO THE CORRECT PRESENT TENSE. The parade_______ (start) at 10 0’clock so we (meet) at 9:30. I’m so tired. I _______ (clean) the house all day. The Rio Carnival is an annual festival that_______ (take) place in Brazil in February or March. Sasha _______ (think) of going to Spain. Dina _______ (not/see) a firework display before. What _______ your brother (do) _______? – He (be) _______a sportsman. Tim (fit) _______ a new door in the garage now. We have no idea how long they (swim) _____ for, but it has certainly been longer than an hour now. Is Mary crying? – No, she isn't, she (peel) _______onions. Now Justin (write) _______a book about his adventures in Tibet. I hope he can find a good publisher when it is finished.