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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Презентации / Презентация по теме "Articles", 10класс

Презентация по теме "Articles", 10класс

  • Иностранные языки
Articles Presentation for the lesson of English in the 10th form. Navrotskay...
English Grammar “There is no article without a noun, but there are some nouns...
Countable and uncountable nouns. A noun can be: You can use a/an with singula...
Countable and uncountable nouns. Nouns that can be: A potato or potato? I’m p...
Countable and uncountable nouns. Nouns that can be: A paper or paper? I bough...
A/an and the A\an goes only with singular noun. He left a case. (singular) He...
A/an and the We use a/an + someone/something when we aren’t saying which one....
A/an and the We use a/an and the when we aren’t saying which one, and we use...
A/an and the We use a/an to describe something: It was a lovely day. to class...
The + plurals and uncountables We use plurals and uncountables without the wi...
The + plurals and uncountables We use plurals and uncountables without the wi...
The + plurals and uncountables We use plurals and uncountables without the wi...
Articles with phrases of time Phrases of time are usually without a/an or the...
Articles with phrases of time Special times. We go away at Christmas. Easter...
Articles with phrases of time Days of the week. Yes, Thursday will be conveni...
Articles with phrases of time Parts of the day and night. I can’t sleep at ni...
Articles with phrases of time Meals. Phrases of time are usually without a/an...
Quite a, such a, what a, etc. After quite, such, and what we can use a phrase...
Place names with and without the We do not use “the” with names of people. Th...
Place names with and without the We do not use “the” with names of people. Th...
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№ слайда 1 Articles Presentation for the lesson of English in the 10th form. Navrotskay
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Articles Presentation for the lesson of English in the 10th form. Navrotskaya Olga December 2010

№ слайда 2 English Grammar “There is no article without a noun, but there are some nouns
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English Grammar “There is no article without a noun, but there are some nouns without articles.” One who knows grammar.

№ слайда 3 Countable and uncountable nouns. A noun can be: You can use a/an with singula
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Countable and uncountable nouns. A noun can be: You can use a/an with singular countable nouns: a sofa a pupil a stick You cannot use a/an with uncountable nouns: sand salt pepper But you can use a … of: a drop of water a game of golf You can use plural countable nouns alone: I like plums. Letters will be received. You can use uncountable nouns alone (without the/my/some etc.): People need salt. They still don’t have electricity. You can use some and any with plural countable nouns: I got some keys. Did you see any birds outside? You can use some and any with uncountable nouns: They gave some blood. We don’t have any space left. We use many and few with plural countable nouns: We didn’t have many pictures. I have a few papers to sign. We use much and little with uncountable nouns: We have much work to do. They had a little petrol left. ?

№ слайда 4 Countable and uncountable nouns. Nouns that can be: A potato or potato? I’m p
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Countable and uncountable nouns. Nouns that can be: A potato or potato? I’m peeling the potatoes. Sue baked a cake for David. Nancy was eating an apple. Someone threw a stone at the police. There is a hair on your shirt. Would you like some potato? Have some cake! Is there apple in this salad? The house is built of stone. I must brush my hair. A sport or sport? Rugby is a sport. (=a particular sport) That’s a nice painting over there! We heard a sudden noise outside. John Lennon had an interesting life. Do you like sport? (=sport in general) Jim is good at painting. Constant noise can make you ill. Life is complicated sometimes. Some nouns can be countable or uncountable. Often the countable noun is specific, and the uncountable is more general.

№ слайда 5 Countable and uncountable nouns. Nouns that can be: A paper or paper? I bough
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Countable and uncountable nouns. Nouns that can be: A paper or paper? I bought a paper. (=a newspaper) I’ll have a glass of orange juice. Have you got an iron? (for clothes) I switched all the lights on. I’ve been to France many times. The journey was a great experience. I run a small business. (a company) We found a space in the car park. I need some paper to write on. I bought a piece of glass for the window. The bridge is made of iron. There’s more light by the window. I can’t stop. I haven’t got time. He has enough experience for the job. I enjoy doing business. (buying and selling) There is no space for the piano in here. A coffee or coffee? Two coffees, please. Chianti is an Italian wine. (kind of wine) The use of plastics has greatly increased. (= the use of different kinds of plastic) Coffee is more expensive than tea. Wine is not served in McDonalds. Some nouns can be countable or uncountable with different meanings. Words for drinks are usually uncountable. But when we are ordering or offering drinks, we can say a cup of… or a … . Some nouns can be countable when we are talking about a particular kind or about different kinds. ?

№ слайда 6 A/an and the A\an goes only with singular noun. He left a case. (singular) He
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A/an and the A\an goes only with singular noun. He left a case. (singular) He left some cases. (plural) He left some luggage. (uncountable) The goes both with singular and plural and uncountable nouns. He needed the case. (singular) He needed the cases. (plural) He needed the luggage. (uncountable) When the story first mentions smth the noun has a or an. But when the same thing is mentioned again, the noun has the.

№ слайда 7 A/an and the We use a/an + someone/something when we aren’t saying which one.
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A/an and the We use a/an + someone/something when we aren’t saying which one. A man booked into a hotel. He left a case behind. We use the + noun or he/she/it when we know which one. He didn’t return to the hotel. The case contained clothes.

№ слайда 8 A/an and the We use a/an and the when we aren’t saying which one, and we use
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A/an and the We use a/an and the when we aren’t saying which one, and we use the when we know which one. A tourist arrived in Cheltenham to look around the town. When there is only one thing in the context , we use the. We normally say: the country, the earth, the environment, the government, the moon, the ozone layer, the Prime Minister, the sea, the sky, the sun, the weather, the cinema, the theatre, the newspaper, the police.

№ слайда 9 A/an and the We use a/an to describe something: It was a lovely day. to class
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A/an and the We use a/an to describe something: It was a lovely day. to classify something: The play was a comedy. to say what someone’s job is: Nick is a car salesman. But we use the with a superlative. It’s the biggest hotel in town. This is the best photo. ?

№ слайда 10 The + plurals and uncountables We use plurals and uncountables without the wi
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The + plurals and uncountables We use plurals and uncountables without the with general meaning: We use plurals and uncountables with the with specific meaning: Cars are expensive to buy. The cars had both broken down. We saw the elephants in the zoo. Elephants are intelligent animals. I don’t understand computers. The computers crashed at work. You always need money. Mary put the money in her purse. Oil is used in every machine around. Look at the oil on your sweater. ?

№ слайда 11 The + plurals and uncountables We use plurals and uncountables without the wi
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The + plurals and uncountables We use plurals and uncountables without the with general meaning: We use plurals and uncountables with the with specific meaning: This man went to prison two years ago. The boy went to the prison to see his father. The school is a mile from here. School is over at half past three. Steve is at college. (He is a student there.) The meeting was at the college. David is in hospital. (He is a patient.) Melanie waited in the hospital for news. Sue is going to church (to a service.) We wanted to look round the church. ?

№ слайда 12 The + plurals and uncountables We use plurals and uncountables without the wi
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The + plurals and uncountables We use plurals and uncountables without the with general meaning: We use plurals and uncountables with the with specific meaning: In bed, go to bed (to rest or sleep) Sit on the bed, make the bed In the house, to the house, in the home At home, go home, come home, leave home At sea (=sailing), Go to sea (as a sailor) On the sea, by the sea, at the seaside, on the coast In town, go into town, leave town The town center, the city, the village At work, go to work, leave work The office, the factory ?

№ слайда 13 Articles with phrases of time Phrases of time are usually without a/an or the
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Articles with phrases of time Phrases of time are usually without a/an or the. We are meeting on Friday for lunch. But we use a/an or the if there is a phrase or clause after Friday, lunch, etc. It was the Friday before she went to Australia. We normally use article if there is an adjective. We had a good lunch. Years, seasons, months. I was born in 1986. We play cricket in summer. Winter always depresses me. I will start the course in September. That was the year I was born. It was the winter of 1995 when things started to go wrong for the company.

№ слайда 14 Articles with phrases of time Special times. We go away at Christmas. Easter
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Articles with phrases of time Special times. We go away at Christmas. Easter is early this year. I’ll be home for Thanksgiving. We had a wonderful Christmas. I started work here the Easter before last. Phrases of time are usually without a/an or the. We are meeting on Friday for lunch. But we use a/an or the if there is a phrase or clause after Friday, lunch, etc. It was the Friday before she went to Australia. We normally use article if there is an adjective. We had a good lunch.

№ слайда 15 Articles with phrases of time Days of the week. Yes, Thursday will be conveni
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Articles with phrases of time Days of the week. Yes, Thursday will be convenient. I’ll see you on Tuesday evening. The storm was on the Thursday of that week. We went surfing at the weekend. Phrases of time are usually without a/an or the. We are meeting on Friday for lunch. But we use a/an or the if there is a phrase or clause after Friday, lunch, etc. It was the Friday before she went to Australia. We normally use article if there is an adjective. We had a good lunch.

№ слайда 16 Articles with phrases of time Parts of the day and night. I can’t sleep at ni
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Articles with phrases of time Parts of the day and night. I can’t sleep at night. I prefer to travel by day. I must get to bed before midnight. We were at the beach at sunset. I hope to get there before dark. It’s warmer in the day. Someone got up in the night. We’re meeting in the morning. They arrived at the hotel in the evening. It was a beautiful sunset. I couldn’t see in the dark. Phrases of time are usually without a/an or the. We are meeting on Friday for lunch. But we use a/an or the if there is a phrase or clause after Friday, lunch, etc. It was the Friday before she went to Australia. We normally use article if there is an adjective. We had a good lunch.

№ слайда 17 Articles with phrases of time Meals. Phrases of time are usually without a/an
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Articles with phrases of time Meals. Phrases of time are usually without a/an or the. We are meeting on Friday for lunch. But we use a/an or the if there is a phrase or clause after Friday, lunch, etc. It was the Friday before she went to Australia. We normally use article if there is an adjective. We had a good lunch. I’ll see you at breakfast. We have supper at about 8. I’m going out after lunch. We had a quick breakfast. The supper David cooked was excellent. The meal was very nice. ?

№ слайда 18 Quite a, such a, what a, etc. After quite, such, and what we can use a phrase
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Quite a, such a, what a, etc. After quite, such, and what we can use a phrase with a/an. There is often an adjective as well, e.g. such a good team. A/an goes before very, fairly, really etc. It’s a very good house. It’s a fairly long walk. I made a really stupid mistake. A/an is used after such in the meaning of so. It was such an easy test. (the test was so easy) It’s such a long time since I saw you. The were such a lot of people. In an exclamation we can use what a/an with a singular noun. What a good idea! ?

№ слайда 19 Place names with and without the We do not use “the” with names of people. Th
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Place names with and without the We do not use “the” with names of people. The same way, we do not usually use it with names of places: Continents Africa Europe South America Islands Cyprus Majorca Rhode Island Countries Russia Germany Switzerland States, regions Alaska Siberia Central Africa Cities, towns, Suburbs, villages Moscow Helsinki Los Angeles Mountains, hills. Everest Etna North Hill The Netherlands, the USA, the Canary Islands (plurals) Republic (the Irish republic), kingdom (the United Kingdom), federation (the Rus.Fed.) The West, the Rivera, the Middle East, the Midlands, the South of France Plural islands with “the” : the Bermuda Islands The Hague, the Bronx, the West End of London Hill ranges and mount ranges have the: the Alps, the Rockies

№ слайда 20 Place names with and without the We do not use “the” with names of people. Th
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Place names with and without the We do not use “the” with names of people. The same way, we do not usually use it with names of places: Lakes Lake Michigan Coniston Water Stations, airports, Important buildings Waterloo (station) Orly (airport) Merton college Lambeth museum Roads, streets, Squares, parks Morgan Rd, Fifth avenue Central park Bridges Tower Bridge Brooklyn Bridge Theatres, cinemas, Hotels, galleries possessives St.Martin’s theater In the US names with center Lincoln center Shops, restaurants Bloomingdale’s (shopping center) Matilda’s restaurant Exceptions: the High street, The Avenue, The Strand, The Mall Main and numbered roads have “the”: the Bath road, the A5, the M6 Exceptions: the Golden Gate Bridge, the Severn Bridge (=the bridge over river Severn) Exceptions with “of” or with a noun or adj.: the University of York, the White House But: the Globe (theatre), the Plaza (cinema), the Dorchester (hotel), the Tate (gallery) Exceptions: names with a noun the Body Shop, the Studio Cafe Seas, oceans, rivers, canals have “the” (the Atlantic Ocean, the Thames, the Suez) ?

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Дата добавления 06.11.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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