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Geographical Location of Canada Canada is a country in North America consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, Canada extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. At 9.98 million square kilometres in total, Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area, and Canada common border with the United States is the world's longest land border shared by the same two countries.
History of Canada The land that is now Canada has been inhabited for millennia by various Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French colonial expeditions explored, and later settled, the region's Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America to the United Kingdom in 1763 after the French and Indian War.
Flag and coat of arms of Canada
Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries, with a population of approximately 35 million as of December 2012. Its advanced economy is one of the largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed trade networks. Canada's long and difficult relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.
The Senate chamber within the Centre Block on Parliament Hill Parliament Hill in Canada's capital city, Ottawa
Demographics of Canada Population of Canada is about 35 millions people now. The country's largest self-reported ethnic origin is Canadian , followed by English (21%), French (15.8%), Scottish (15.1%), Irish (13.9%), German (10.2%), Italian (4.6%), Chinese (4.3%), First Nations (4.0%), Ukrainian (3.9%), and Dutch (3.3%)
Interesting facts about Canada Bay of Fundy on the east coast of Canada between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia is famous for the highest tides in the world. The Great Lakes are the largest in the world by area mirrors source of fresh unfrozen water. Confederation Bridge linking New Brunswick to Prince Edward Island, 13 km long - the longest bridge in the world, built over ice-covered water. Montreal Olympic Stadium Tower is the highest in the world leaning tower. Hudson's Bay Company - the oldest company in North America.
Chateau Lake Louise Located on the eastern shore of Lake Louise, near Banff, Alberta, Chateau Lake Louise was originally built in 1890. Built by the Canadian Pacific Railway, Chateau Lake Louise is “kin” to the Banff Springs Hotel and the Chateau Frontenac. The area around the hotel is part of Banff National Park, which is also declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Since 1982, the hotel is opened year-round and offers endless activities for nature lovers, including hiking, canoeing, skiing, snowboarding, ice skating, ice sculpture contests, snowshoe excursions and sleigh rides, just to name a few. This top Canadian tourist destination has been visited by Christopher Reeve and Marilyn Monroe.
Niagara Falls The Niagara Falls are situated on the Niagara River which lies on the border of the province of Ontario and the state of New York. The Horseshoe Falls are located on the Canadian side of the border. The Niagara Falls are the most powerful waterfall in North America with an average of 4 million cubic feet of water falling over the crest line every minute. The Horseshoe Falls dispense 90% of the water from the Niagara River and are also a valuable source of hydroelectric power.
FOOD Typically the Canadian kitchen is juicy steaks from meat and fish. Special pride of Canadians - producible only here maple syrup. In the restaurants of Ottawa it is possible to taste an unusual piquant dish - a ham is in maple syrup. In Toronto a great choice of restaurants is with different national kitchens. In city 5000 restaurants and other establishments, where it is possible to eat up.
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