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The project is done by the student of the 10 th Form School № 50 Kondratieva Julia The teacher is Semonova Olga Nikolaevna
The object is: the rich field of the British folklore. The subject is: tales, legends, superstitious, stories. The hypothesis is: if the country is situated near the sea or ocean it will influence on the culture and history. We used the following methods: 1. Analysis; 2. Synthesize; 3. Creation of a tale.
The aim and the tasks The aim is: to make a research in the part of a rich field of the British folklore concerning British water world through the means of stories, legends, superstitious, tales. The tasks are: 1. To study the literature on the subject; 2. To get acquainted with English folklore concerning British water world; 3. To study English history and culture with the help of the folklore; 4 To make our own tale on the basis of English folklore.
The field of the country's economy connected with water was always a great concern for those who ruled it for they naturally attached much importance to it.
Not a single town or village in England is situated more than a hundred miles from the sea. From the times when the English society was born kings paid much attention to the trading across the sea.
Folklore is made up of «the traditional stories, customs and habits of a particular community or nation» says the «Collins Cobuild Dictionary»
Beneath the waves Many tales are told of submerged lands. The Seven Stones, known to fishermen as «The City»and near to which the land of Lyoness is believed to lie, lost under the sea. Another area lost under water is Canter's Gwaelod. Sixteen towns and most of their inhabitants were apparently overwhelmed by the sea.
Portents of disaster One of the most important portents is the ritual bottle of champagne which must break first time
The wreck of the Ramilies Many hundreds of shipwrecks have their own songs and stories. Although the Ramilies, for example, was wrecked well over 200 years ago, tradition perpetuates the event as clearly as if it had happened only yesterday.
Generations after her loss the “Titanic” is still a byword for hubris. A variety of omens anticipated the disaster: a steward's badge came to pieces as his wife stitched it to his cap, and a picture fell from the wall in a stoker's home.
Sailor's luck Sailors used to be very superstitious –both ashore and afloat. Wives must remember that “Wash upon sailing day, and you will wash your man away”, and must also be careful to smash any eggshells before they dispose of them, to prevent their being used by evil spirits as craft in which to put to sea and cause storms. Luck was brought by: - tattoos - a gold ear-ring worn in the left ear - a piece of coal carried - a cat on the ship
Denizens of the deep With the mirror and comb, her long hair, bare breasts and fish tail, the mermaid is instantly recognizable, but nowadays only as an amusing convention.
Mermaid’s Rock near Lamorna Cove was the haunt of a mermaid who would sing before a storm and then swim out to sea – her beauty was such that young men would follow, never to reappear. Sexual unions between humans and both sea people and seals are the subject of many stories.
Nautical customs Various shipboard ceremonies were observed and maintained religiously: at Christmas a tree would be lashed to the top of the mast. At midnight as New Year’s Eve becomes New Year’s Day the ship’s bell is rung eight times for the old year and eight times for the new. “Burying the Dead Horse” was a ceremony which was continued in merchant ships. Musical accompaniment was provided by the shanty “Poor Old Horse”.
In conclusion we'd like to say that we fulfilled our tasks : 1.We studied the literature on the theme; 2.We got acquainted with the English folklore; 3.We studied English tales, stories and legends, superstitious; 4. We made a tale on the basis of English folklore. We proved our hypothesis that the geographical situation of the country influences on its history, culture and folklore.
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