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We use passive forms (passives) when: We don’t know WHO did it; We are interested in WHAT happens, not WHO it is done by; The situation is rather formal.
to be + V3 havehas am is are had been V3 was were V3 V3 Past Simple Passive Present Simple Passive am is are being V3 Present Progressive Passive Present Perfect Passive been V3 Past Perfect Passive was were being V3 Past Progressive Passive Future Simple Passive will(shall) be V3 Future Perfect Passive will have been V3 Two objects Modal Verbs+Passive
Present Simple Passive menu am is are V3 English is spoken here. Grapes are not grown in the North. Is the food easily cooked? What is made from milk?
Past Simple Passive menu was were V3 The door was closed. The letters were not posted yesterday. Were the keys found? Why was the window left open in the rain?
menu Present Progressive Passive am is are being V3 Where are the letters? They are being written at the moment. A new school is being built in our street. The article is not being translated. Is the fax being sent? Are the magazines being looked through?
Past Progressive Passive menu waswere being V3 When I came back home a new school was being built in the street. I entered the room and saw that the letters were being written. The factory didn’t work. The toys were not being made at the moment. Was the fax being sent when the director called?
Present Perfect Passive menu havehas been V3 A new library has been built in our street. Many new schools have been constructed this year. The new project has not been finished yet. Has the problem been discussed yet?
Past Perfect Passive menu had been V3 John said a new library had been built in his street. We were happy that the library had not been turned into a shopping center. Had the letters been posted by then?
Future Simple Passive menu will(shall) be V3 The story will be finished soon. The information won’t be received next week. Will the letter be answered? When will the guests be met?
Future Perfect Passive menu will have been V3 The letters will have been sent before you come. Everything will have been done by Tuesday. The book won’t have been written by Monday. Will the situation have been explained tomorrow by 6 o’clock?
Passive Voice with the Verbs That Have Two Objects Somebody gave Tom an apple. 1. Tom was given an apple. 2. An apple was given to Tom. Тому дали яблоко. Other verbs with two objects: to allow, to send, to show, to lend, to pay, to tell, to offer, to refuse, to ask, etc. menu
Modal Verbs + Passive Voice Model Verb + be + V3 Difficult rules must be explained. These words don’t have to be learnt by heart. Should this door be pulled or pushed to open it. Can such poems be easily memorized? People in hospitals ought to be visited. menu